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By Marilyn on Jan 22, 2018 1:25 AM, concerning plant: Bohemian Rosemary (Salvia rosmarinus 'Frank Krozek')

Bohemian Rosemary (Salvia rosmarinus 'Frank Krozek') is a new introduction for the 2018 season from Flowers By The Sea. It has been in Kermit Carter's family, since the 1930's. Kermit named it for his late grandfather.

FBTS sells, grows and specializes in salvias and is located in Elk, CA.

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By ILPARW on Jan 21, 2018 8:25 PM, concerning plant: Great Laurel (Rhododendron maximum)

I normally call this the Rosebay Rhododendron and some in southeast Pennsylvania call it the "native rhododendron." It grows in moist upland woods, on cool mountain slopes, shady sites along watercourses, and in northern swamps from southern Maine and New England into New York down the Appalachian Region into northern Georgia. It grows about 1 to 1.5 feet/year and lives about 150 years. It has large, long, relatively narrow leaves to about 8 inches long. Its bell-shaped flowers range from white to rose-pink to lavender with some yellow spots on the inside. It has a shallow, fibrous root system and transplants readily. Some are sold by many nurseries in its native range region of the eastern US, though it is not as popular as more colorful species of Rhododendrons as the Catawba. It does not always adapt to landscapes well. It does need a shady, sheltered location with good quality acid soil. There are some cultivars with flowers that are pure white or pink or purple.

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By ILPARW on Jan 21, 2018 7:48 PM, concerning plant: Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)

The Eastern or Canadian Hemlock is a beautiful conifer in the Pine Family. It grows in forests and in cool, moist locations on and around slopes, hills, ravines, hollows from Nova Scotia and southeast Canada, New England down the Appalachian Region into northern Georgia and a little into Alabama, also in northern Michigan & Wisconsin. It has tiny, round-tipped, flat , soft needles directly attached to the twigs. It bears tiny soft yellowish male cones and pale green female cones in late May and early June. The female cones persist and become the tiny brown cones about 3/4 inch long that last into winter. It grows about 1 to 1.5 feet/year and lives over 300 to 400 years. It has shallow, fibrous, wide-spreading roots and it is somewhat difficult to transplant, but nurseries do that B&B in early spring. Eastern hemlock is sensitive to heat, drought, strong dry winds, heavy or compacted soils, and salt. Many nurseries grow some and it is sort of expensive, but it is a high quality plant. It is common in its native range in the wild and in landscapes. It is occasionally planted in the Chicago area where it is successful in good quality, moist soils and with some shelter from dry, hot, windy conditions. A new insect pest from east Asia, the Asian Hemlock Adelgid or Wooly Aphid, is damaging and killing lots of Hemlocks in areas of the Appalachians. In southeast Pennsylvania so far I have not seen lots of death of trees, maybe because they are not so thickly massed together as in the Appalachians. I expect an eventual victory for the tree in the future.

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By Australis on Jan 21, 2018 7:10 PM, concerning plant: Orchid (Cymbidium On The Beach)

This grex is registered as 'On The Beach' with a capital "T" in "The".

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By ILPARW on Jan 21, 2018 5:44 PM, concerning plant: Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca)

The Rocky Mountain variety of the Douglas-Fir is commonly planted in the Midwest, the Mid-Atlantic, the Northeast, and the northern part of the South in the USA. Its scientific name is also Pseudotsuga menziesii scopulorum. The Pacific Coastal variety is not cold hardy enough for these regions. Douglas-Fir is not a true Fir. Its soft blunt needles with different shades of some blue in the green color are attached to the branch by tiny bumps, and its 2 to 3 inch long brown mature female cones hang down and its seed bracts are long, extending beyond the scales. It bears little reddish male and female cones on the same tree in spring. It is native to upland sites in the Rocky Mountains from Arizona & New Mexico up into eastern British Colombia & western Alberta. It grows about 1.5 feet/year and lives about 200 to 300 years. It has shallow to deep spreading roots and it is easy to transplant. It is a reliable conifer planted in eastern North American landscapes. It is sold by many nurseries and is one of the most common coniferous trees along with Colorado Spruce, Norway Spruce, White Spruce, and Eastern White Pine in the Midwest and east of there. There are quite a number of cultivars, but I have not seen many of them, just some of the cultivar of 'Glauca' that has bluer needles than average.

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By worley8617 on Jan 21, 2018 1:14 PM, concerning plant: Tetrameles nudiflora

Unfortunately after our Hard freeze down here in zone 9A Palm Coast Fl,
Looks as if most if not all of my tropical garden will have to be replanted. This is the first time in seventeen years that my variegated Gingers look done for. But they do give so much joy that I will indeed replant. Happy Gardening, And Yay for spring

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By Baja_Costero on Jan 20, 2018 9:58 PM, concerning plant: Lebombo Aloe (Aloe spicata)

Tree aloe from Southern Africa which may grow upright to 3-6 feet tall or as a shrubby collection of heads. May also be unbranched. Leaves are channeled and recurved, giving each rosette a slumping posture.

Named after the shape of the inflorescence, which develops during winter as an unbranched, densely flowered spike with short, yellow, bell-like flowers. Multiple heads in bloom can be quite striking. The flowers open from the bottom up with a wave of orange exserted stamens and great quantities of sticky brownish nectar. They make excellent subjects for close up photography, especially when that nectar reflects or transmits the light.

One of a few aloes with similar flowers. Can be resolved from A. vryheidensis (South Africa) based on the shape of the rosette and the recurved leaves. Very similar to A. tauri (Zimbabwe) which grows a much shorter stem, also to A. castanea (South Africa) which can grow a taller stem.

Like some of these other aloes, its leaves may turn intense orange and red colors in response to stress, especially drought stress. This colorful foliage can provide striking seasonal interest in the garden.

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By ILPARW on Jan 20, 2018 9:37 PM, concerning plant: Amur Honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii)

Unfortunately, this east Asian invasive shrub is the most common shrub in southeast Pennsylvania and the second in northeast Illinois. I enjoy cutting them down to pieces in the woods and then axing the base. It looks alright for awhile in spring with its young foliage and white flowers, but after that it is definitely ugly and twiggy and sort of smelly. The little red berries are not very nutritious for American birds. It is also a weed shrub growing in abandoned alleys, yards, and waste places. It should be declared as a noxious weed and destroyed. It was brought over in the 1800's with other shrub honeysuckles of northeast Asia to be an ornamental plant.

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By ILPARW on Jan 20, 2018 9:17 PM, concerning plant: Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)

The Black Locust grows in its native range in open upland sites in two regions: the Appalachian Region from central Pennsylvania and southern Ohio down to northern Georgia & Alabama and the Ozark Region of southern Missouri, Arkansas, and east Oklahoma. However, mankind has spread it all around the South, the Midwest, the Mid-Atlantic, and the Northeast of the US. I think I saw some running around wild in southern Germany in 1981. It often is a weed tree, growing in abandoned lots, alleys, and waste places. It is fast growing of 2 to 3 feet/year and lives about 50 to 100 years. The fragrant white pea-like flowers are nice. The rest of the tree is not ornamental. It is weak-wooded and very messy by dropping lots of twigs, branches, and brown, woody, legume pods; and it can form a colony from prolific root suckering. I don't recommend it for landscaping and I don't know of any nurseries that sell any. It is considered as a non-native invasive plant in many states where it is not in its original native range. I don't mind some wild trees around, but not too many.

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By ILPARW on Jan 20, 2018 8:44 PM, concerning plant: Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)

The Common Sassafras is a beautiful small to medium tree of the Laurel Family. It grows in open woods or woodland edges or in open fields in upland sites from New England down to central Florida over into eastern Texas & Oklahoma, most of Missouri, through central Illinois, through all Indiana up into most of lower Michigan into the southern tip of Ontario. It grows about 1.5 to 2 feet/year and lives up to about 100 years. It develops a taproot and coarse lateral roots, so it is not easy to transplant. I did transplant a few young trees about 3 feet high volunteering for Tyler Arboretum one early spring, carefully making nice rounded soil balls. Sometimes Sassafras can develop a colony from ground suckers, but many times it does not. It gets bright red fall color in full sun, but can turn yellow or orange in some shade. A few larger, diverse nurseries sell some and some native plant nurseries sell some for naturalistic landscapes. I don't see it planted by homeowners hardly at all, though there are two planted in a yard a few blocks away from me. Some landscape designers use it in professional landscapes or in parks. I think it should be planted in landscapes more often.

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By SharonsFlorida on Jan 20, 2018 11:03 AM, concerning plant: Florida Tick Trefoil (Desmodium floridanum)

These photos appear to be of Desmodium incanum which is not native to Florida.

Desmodium floridanum has solid upper leaf surfaces and loments (seed segments) of 2-4 segments. Also, Desmodium floridanum is not a listed species.

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By jmorth on Jan 19, 2018 1:54 AM, concerning plant: Large Cupped Daffodil (Narcissus 'Firecracker')

This creation by J Lionel Richardson (Irish, middle of last century) is both seed and pollen fertile. Used 8 times as a seed parent, 22 times as a pollen parent.
The cup color intensifies with the passage of a couple of days.
Declared a "Classic" by the American Daffodil Society.

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By ILPARW on Jan 18, 2018 4:12 PM, concerning plant: Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)

The American Tuliptree is a very common tree in upland mature or climax woods of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic. Its native range is from southern New England down to central Florida over into Louisiana up to southern Illinois, almost all of Indiana into southern Michigan into the southern tip of Ontario. It is fast growing of about 2 to 2.5 feet/year and lives about 200 years. Its unusual sort of squarish leaves turn a good yellow in autumn. Its flowers are solitary, erect, cup-shaped, 2 to 3 inch magnolia-like yellow-green with orange splotches that look tulip-like, as its Magnolia Family members. Its roots are shallow and deep, fibrous and fleshy and poorly branched. It is occasionally planted in landscapes in the East, and also in the Midwest where it does well in the neutral pH soils there. It needs acid soil for the seedlings to succeed, so its native range ends before crossing the northern Illinois border. It is a weak-wooded tree that is best to have other trees around for support, and it is not for small yards, but large properties. It is sold by some larger, diverse nurseries and native plant nurseries in the East and Midwest US.

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By ILPARW on Jan 17, 2018 9:39 PM, concerning plant: Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum)

Sourwood grows in upland sites in or around forest from southwest Pennsylvania and southeast Ohio down to northwest Florida into Louisiana up into areas of Kentucky. It grows about 1 foot/year and lives about 150 to 200 years. It has thick, glossy, leathery leaves that turn a good red in autumn. The small, bell-like, slightly fragrant flowers are in curving spikes in July followed by tan capsules in late summer and fall. Its root system has some deep lateral roots so it is somewhat difficult to transplant and is best to move in early spring. It is expensive to buy so that it is used mostly by landscape designers in some professional landscapes, mostly in the South, the Mid-Atlantic, and the Northeast; infrequently in some areas of the Midwest where the soil is definitely acid. It is a beautiful, high quality small to medium tree.

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By Australis on Jan 17, 2018 8:43 PM, concerning plant: Orchid (Claudehamiltonara Hidden Gold)

This is a cross of Orchid (Guaritonia Why Not) and Orchid (Brassocattleya Richard Mueller).

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By ILPARW on Jan 17, 2018 4:30 PM, concerning plant: Ironwood (Ostrya virginiana)

The Eastern Hophornbeam (Ironwood) is a large understory tree in woods growing on upland sites and on hills and slopes, and it is very shade tolerant. Its native range is from Nova Scotia and southeast Canada and New England down to northern Florida into east Texas a little up to northern Minnesota & southeast Manitoba. I have seen it wild in a fair number in certain locations of forest, especially on hills, in northeast Illinois. It leaves that look in between elm & birch are 3 to 5 inches long x 1.5 to 2 inches wide with doubly toothed margins that turn a good golden color in autumn. In late summer one sees clusters of tan bladder-like seed-bearing pods that get to 2 inches long. The shaggy gray-tan-brown bark is pretty. It grows about 8 to 12 inches/year and lives about 150 years. It forms a taproot so it is difficult to transplant and must be moved in early spring as a young tree. I've seen it infrequently planted in parks and public town areas and professional and naturalistic landscapes in the Chicago area. A few large, diverse nurseries and some native plant nurseries sell it. I think it is a wonderful small to medium tree for many landscapes.

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By ILPARW on Jan 17, 2018 3:46 PM, concerning plant: Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)

Usually a small understory tree in upland woods or fields from southern Pennsylvania down through northern Georgia and central Alabama & Mississippi, areas of Louisiana and far east Texas up in eastern Kansas & southeast Nebraska to along the Mississippi between Iowa & Illinois through southern Michigan into the tip of southern Ontario and all around Lake Erie. I have seen it in the wild in just some localized areas, not spread out everywhere. It grows about 1 foot/year and lives about 150 years. Its root system produces deep, coarse lateral roots so transplanting is sort of difficult, best done in early spring. It is a very interesting sort of tropical-looking tree with a large, delicious fruit tasting like banana. A few people grow it in their yard for its fruit. The only landscapes that I have seen it used are in arboretums and botanical gardens; it should be used more as an ornamental tree. A few large, diverse nurseries, a good number of mail order nurseries, and some native plant nurseries sell it.

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By Australis on Jan 16, 2018 10:07 PM, concerning plant: Orchid (Epicatanthe Butterfly Kisses 'Mendenhall')

This is a hybrid of Orchid (Cattlianthe Trick or Treat) and Orchid (Epidendrum magnoliae).

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By ILPARW on Jan 16, 2018 9:15 PM, concerning plant: Alabama Snow Wreath (Neviusia alabamensis)

I was just looking through the book of The Living Landscape by Rick Darke & Doug Tallamy, concerning native plant - naturalistic landscapes, and there are two wonderful photos of this shrub in white bloom on page 195 and it looks good. It reminds me of the Vanhoutte Spirea or Bridalwreath. Mr. Darke uses it on this property as part of the shrub border, a deer-proofing screening shrub, and as a woody plant cut flower. It was first discovered in Alabama in 1857. It has been further found not just in two areas of northern Alabama but also in spots in Mississippi, Arkansas, southern Tennessee, and Georgia. It has simple, double-toothed leaves that turn greenish-yellow to yellow in autumn. It bears erect clusters of flowers without petals, but with numerous, showy, feathery, white stamens in late April into May. It grows about 1 to 1.5 feet/year. It has a fibrous root mass that makes it easy to transplant, and it can be divided like a perennial. Next time I visit Morton Arboretum in northeast Illinois, I'll have to look for their specimens. I took photos of a shrub in a pot at a native plant sale in northern Delaware by the Delaware Native Plant Society.

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By ILPARW on Jan 15, 2018 7:10 PM, concerning plant: Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

The Eastern Redcedar Juniper is a common species growing in upland locations on hills, slopes, and fields in a large native range from southern Maine down to just over the north Florida border into east Texas up to western Nebraska, to eastern South Dakota & southern Minnesota to southern Wisconsin & Michigan into the southern tip of Ontario. The sort of prickly foliage is made of younger awl-like needles and older, soft scale-like needles bluish or grayish or bright green. It reproduces by tiny yellowish male cones on all male trees and by tiny red-purple female cones on all female plants borne in spring. The female plants bear gray or blue berry-like cones that are loved by birds and small mammals. It grows about 1 foot/year and lives about 300 years. It has shallow, fibrous roots and yet develops a taproot, but can be transplanted in spring or fall. This American species often is infected with the Cedar Rust fungus that originally came over from east Asia, but does not damage the juniper, only developing a rounded brown gall housing the spores. (The similar Chinese Juniper does not show any galls or at least any big ones.) After being released during wet weather in spring, the spores infect various members of the huge Rose Family as Apples, Crabapples, Serviceberry, Hawthorns, Pears, and Floweringquince, where the foliage of the deciduous plants become spotted with yellow and brown spots in late summer and fall. Otherwise, this is a good quality, reliable coniferous tree. There are a number of compact and dwarf cultivars that have been taken from this species.

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