General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Annual
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Plant Height: 3 - 12 inches
Plant Spread: 3 - 6 inches
Leaves: Other: Edible, with a sweet, grassy flavor; tasty in salads.
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Lavender
Other: Round 2 to 3 inch wide cluster of several 1/2 inch to 1 inch 2-lipped elongated flowers. Each flower has a dark pink upper lip and 2-lobed lower lip of pale pink with darker pink spots.
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Late spring or early summer
Late summer or early fall
Late fall or early winter
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Salad greens
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Pollinators: Self

Common names
  • Henbit
  • Deadnettle
  • Common Dead Nettle
  • Dead Nettle
  • Giraffe Head

  • Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Sep 11, 2015 1:27 PM concerning plant:
    A winter annual wildflower and garden invasive in Illinois. Stems are square,leaves are opposite. Flowers measure about half an inch long w/ long tubes and red spotted lips (2).
    Preferred habitats are crop fields, lawns, and roadsides.
    Originally from Eurasia and Africa.
    During Illinois' springs, millions carpet crop fields in a dazzling pink/purple splendor.
    Common name Henbit derived from noting chickens eating seeds.
  • Posted by Sharon (Calvert City, KY - Zone 7a) on Feb 20, 2012 12:38 AM concerning plant:
    Edible Uses:
    Young leaves of henbit are considered to be edible raw or cooked. They have been used as additions to salads or as a potherb.

    Medicinal Uses:
    The plant is antirheumatic, excitant, fever-reducing, laxative, stimulant, and has agents that induce sweating.

    It is widely naturalised in eastern North America and elsewhere, where it is often considered to be an invasive weed. However, its edibility and readiness to grow in many climes often mean it is permitted to grow when other 'weeds' are not.
Plant Events from our members
WebTucker On February 22, 2022 Bloomed
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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
That means... by wildflowers Mar 11, 2017 7:32 AM 3
Lamium amplexicaule? by Hamwild Mar 11, 2018 6:44 PM 8
Wrong ID; it's Henbit by sedumzz Feb 13, 2022 6:08 PM 1

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