Canary Islands Dragon Tree (Dracaena draco)

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Plant Height: 15-25 feet or more
Plant Spread: 15-25 feet or more
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Showy
Flower Color: Other: Cream or greenish white
Flower Time: Late winter and early spring
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Flowering Tree
Will Naturalize
Conservation status: Vulnerable (VU)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Vulnerable
Photo courtesy of:José Luís Ávila Silveira/Pedro Noronha e Cos

Photo gallery:
Location: Dragon tree (Dracaena draco) in the Museu do Vinho do Pico, estimated at between 500-1000 years old, Lagido, Santa Luzia, municipality of São Roque do Pico, Pico, Azores (Portugal)Date: 2010-08-21Photo courtesy of:José Luís Ávila Silveira/Pedro Noronha e Cos
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Location: Ilha do PicoDate: 2010-10-28Photo courtesy of:Guillaume Baviere
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Location: Insel La PalmaDate: 2010-03-18Photo courtesy of:Rosa-Maria Rinkl
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Photo courtesy of:Mokkie
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Location: Lanzarote, Canary Islands.
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Location: Longwood Gardens is a botanical garden in Pennsylvania, USA.Date: 2005-05-01Photo courtesy of:Raul654
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Photo courtesy of:Sharktopus
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Location: Botanical Garden of Lisbon (Jardim Botânico de Lisboa). Portugal.Date: 2013-04-21Photo courtesy of:Salix
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Location: Exemplares Dragoeiros Jardim Florencio TerraDate: 2011-09-30Photo courtesy of:Nelson Silva
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Comments:
Posted by Baja_Costero (Baja California - Zone 11b) on Apr 18, 2017 2:40 PM

Canary Islands tree which may grow to imposing proportions and live for hundreds of years, given just the right spot. Relatively common in cultivation in mild climates. Drought tolerant. Enjoys extreme exposure and good drainage. Suitable as a container plant when young, given strong light. A single head may reach about 3-4 feet wide. Leaves are shed from the bottom of rosettes during normal growth as the stem extends. Different populations exist with varying features.

Flowers appear after a few years (sometimes at just a couple of feet tall, up to 6-10 feet) and plants stop growing new leaves until the show is done, but then branch afterwards. May be self fertile. Fruit (an orange berry) is highly edible to birds and rodents.

One of the sources of dragon's blood, a red resin, but not an original source from ancient times (the closely related D. cinnabari from Socotra was used by the Romans).

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