PlantsEuphorbias→Candelabra Tree (Euphorbia ingens)

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9b -3.9 °C (25 °F) to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
Plant Height: 40 feet
Fruit: Pops open explosively when ripe
Flowers: Other: In the genus Euphorbia, the flowers are reduced in size and aggregated into a cluster of flowers called a cyathium (plural cyathia). This feature is present in every species of the genus Euphorbia but nowhere else in the plant kingdom.
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Fall
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Flowering Tree
Will Naturalize
Dynamic Accumulator: B (Boron)
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Toxicity: Other: All members of the genus Euphorbia produce a milky sap called latex that is toxic and can range from a mild irritant to very poisonous.
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Pollinators: Self
Various insects
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
9 cyathia per node (3 sets of 3)

This plant is tagged in:
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Posted by Baja_Costero (Baja California - Zone 11b) on Jan 10, 2016 3:03 PM

Massive, fast-growing, drought-tolerant succulent tree Euphorbia from southeastern Africa. Easy to start from cuttings, also grows well from seed. Think twice about putting it in the ground where space is limited, near structures which may be damaged by falling branches, or where safety is an issue (eg. lots of foot traffic, kids & pets). Old plants may reach 30 feet or more tall.

Here in the mild climate of coastal Baja California, this plant tends to do a little too well, even without supplemental irrigation. As a result of this exuberance it becomes top-heavy and drops branches, requiring attention and cleanup after storms. If you spoil the plant, this problem only gets worse. On the up side, there are always abundant cuttings around to start new plants.

Exercise caution when pruning or handling this plant. Wear gloves and use eye protection when sawing or cutting. Like other Euphorbias this plant contains a fairly noxious sap. Some people seem immune to it, others can develop a nasty rash, especially when the skin is broken. The spines of this plant are not much of a threat on their own, but can be fairly dangerous combined with fresh sap.

Also a well-behaved container plant, will need to be periodically restarted. Flowers attract great swarms of flying insects.

Stumps may branch at the base to form new plants. Plant is self fertile and produces lots of seed, so volunteer seedlings are not uncommon underneath.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Learning something every day by arctangent Feb 3, 2021 4:58 PM 2
Succulent-adjacent photos and chat by Baja_Costero Nov 29, 2021 9:09 PM 910
What're these? by JimsPlants Jun 26, 2021 7:09 AM 4
Can anyone help me identify this Euphorbia I brought yesterday by New2Adenium Aug 2, 2020 2:12 AM 8
Euphorbia Ingens not rooting by Vblasi Jun 26, 2020 11:01 AM 4
Peruvian Apple Cactus - Rotting? Help? by ElMikeD Jun 5, 2020 12:17 PM 4
Cactus ID Please :) by yakman619 Mar 28, 2020 7:13 PM 4
Cactus looks to be dying after ~5 years by meanwhileinhell Feb 7, 2020 12:12 PM 12
Germinating ginkgo seeds by skopjecollection Jan 21, 2020 10:38 PM 5
Anyone familiar with Euphorbia? by plantladylin Jan 8, 2020 4:25 PM 1
HUGE cactus - what is it? by Gull Jan 11, 2020 3:31 PM 55

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