General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9b -3.9 °C (25 °F) to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
Plant Height: 40 feet
Fruit: Pops open explosively when ripe
Flowers: Other: In the genus Euphorbia, the flowers are reduced in size and aggregated into a cluster of flowers called a cyathium (plural cyathia). This feature is present in every species of the genus Euphorbia but nowhere else in the plant kingdom.
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Fall
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Flowering Tree
Will Naturalize
Dynamic Accumulator: B (Boron)
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Toxicity: Other: All members of the genus Euphorbia produce a milky sap called latex that is toxic and can range from a mild irritant to very poisonous.
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Pollinators: Self
Various insects
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Common names
  • Candelabra Tree
  • Naboom
  • Ita
  • unHlonhlo
  • Yoopong
  • Euphorbia

Photo Gallery
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-10-24
9 cyathia per node (3 sets of 3)
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-12-02
Fall pruning
Location: Baja California
Date: 2022-03-25
Location: Baja California
Date: 2013-11-14
Location: Baja California
Date: 2011-02-22
Self fertile
Location: Baja California
Date: 2012-12-19
Location: Baja California
Date: 2010-05-03
Nearly half of self-pollinated seedlings were albino and died sho
Location: San Diego, Ca.
Date: 2015-01-12
Location: Balboa Park - San Diego, California   
Date: 2013-08-16
Location: Baja California
Date: 2011-11-30
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-10-06
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-04-25
Wavy ribs on a seedling
Location: Barcelona, Spain |April, 2023 (uploaded. This image is much older)
Date: 2023-04-03
Location: Baja California
Date: 2015-11-08
Seedling volunteer (different color and shape from rooted cutting
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-10-06
Leaves are very short lived
Location: Monkey Bay and Mangochi, Malawi
Photo courtesy of: Hans Hillewaert
Location: Baja California
Date: 2015-11-08
Location: South-Africa - Thornwood
Date: 2017-01-28
Location: South-Africa - Kuleni game park
Date: 2017-01-28
Uploaded by skopjecollection
Location: Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania
Date: November 1996
Uploaded by ljones26
Location: Sun Lakes, AZ
Date: 2020-05-25
This one died during the wretched summer of 2020 in Phoenix AZ
Location: Baja California
Date: 2019-07-18
Location: Baja California
Date: 2019-07-18
Seedling leaves
Location: Barcelona, Spain | April, 2023 
Date: 2023-04-04
Location: South-Africa - Kuleni game park
Date: 2017-01-28

Date: 2019-12-11
1,5 year old seedling, a bit sunburnt
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2015-01-12
Location: Marimurta Botanical Garden
Date: 2019-04-22
Location: San Diego, Ca
Date: 2013-08-16 
Photo taken at Balboa Park
Location: Lanzarote, Canary Islands.

Date: 2018-08-14
A month old seedling
Location: Osaka Prefectural Flower Garden, Osaka, Japan.
Date: October 23, 2010
Photo taken by: KENPEI

Photo by Frank Vincentz
Location: Monte juic
Date: 2019-04-25
Has seed pods
Location: Nice
Date: 2019-04-20
Plant is in bloom
Location: San Diego, Ca
Date: 2013-08-15 
Weeping Form. Photo taken at Balboa Park, San Diego, Ca.
Location: San Diego, Ca
Date: 2013-08-15 
Weeping form. Photo taken at Balboa Park Gardens, San Diego, Ca.
Location: Missouri Botanical Garden (MOBOT) - St Louis
Date: 8-9-11
This plant is tagged in:
Image Image

  • Posted by Baja_Costero (Baja California - Zone 11b) on Jan 10, 2016 3:03 PM concerning plant:
    Massive, fast-growing, drought-tolerant succulent tree Euphorbia from southeastern Africa. Easy to start from cuttings, also grows well from seed. Think twice about putting it in the ground where space is limited, near structures which may be damaged by falling branches, or where safety is an issue (eg. lots of foot traffic, kids & pets). Old plants may reach 30 feet or more tall.

    Here in the mild climate of coastal Baja California, this plant tends to do a little too well, even without supplemental irrigation. As a result of this exuberance it becomes top-heavy and drops branches, requiring attention and cleanup after storms. If you spoil the plant, this problem only gets worse. On the up side, there are always abundant cuttings around to start new plants.

    Exercise caution when pruning or handling this plant. Wear gloves and use eye protection when sawing or cutting. Like other Euphorbias this plant contains a fairly noxious sap. Some people seem immune to it, others can develop a nasty rash, especially when the skin is broken. The spines of this plant are not much of a threat on their own, but can be fairly dangerous combined with fresh sap.

    Also a well-behaved container plant, will need to be periodically restarted. Flowers attract great swarms of flying insects.

    Stumps may branch at the base to form new plants. Plant is self fertile and produces lots of seed, so volunteer seedlings are not uncommon underneath.
Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Learning something every day by arctangent Feb 3, 2021 4:58 PM 2

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