General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 7a -17.8 °C (0 °F) to -15 °C (5 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 6-18 inches
Plant Spread: 6-12 inches
Leaves: Evergreen
Semi-evergreen
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Purple
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Spring
Summer
Fall
Underground structures: Rhizome
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Erosion control
Groundcover
Will Naturalize
Suitable as Annual
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Butterflies
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Propagation: Seeds: Sow in situ
Can handle transplanting
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Containers: Needs excellent drainage in pots

Image
Common names
  • Rough Verbena
  • Stiff Verbena
  • Sandpaper Verbena
  • Upright Verbena
  • Tuberous Vervain

Photo Gallery
Location: San Antonio Botanical Garden, San Antonio, Texas
Date: 2022-04-04
Location: Levens Hall, Cumbria, UK
Date: 2014-09-22
En masse with topiary
Location: My front yard
Date: 2012-04-16
Location: Latvia University Botanical  gardens Riga
Date: 2018-09-11
Location: San Antonio Botanical Garden, San Antonio, Texas
Location: My garden, Morpeth, UK
Date: 2016-07-08
Location: My Property Sunset Zone 23 Fallbrook California
Date: 2013-06-03
Location: My front yard N Watauga TX
Date: 2012-04-04
Very rough leaves, stays low to the ground

Courtesy Crownsville Nursery
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2008-08-30
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2008-08-30

 Photo Courtesy of Select Seeds. Used with permission.
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Waynesboro MS
Date: 2005-03-17
Grows wild on edge of roadways in southern states

Courtesy of Diane's Flower Seeds
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2008-08-30
Photo by wcgypsy
Location: Butterfly garden
Date: 2012-09-10
Stiff Vervain grown from seed bought from Wildseed Farms in 2009
Location: My frront yard
Before it bloomed I had a hard time IDing this... It is unlike an
Location: Waynesboro MS
Date: 2004-06-16
Comments:
Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Is this mislabeled? by scvirginia Apr 8, 2022 4:24 PM 3

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