PlantsAloes→Bitter Aloe (Aloe ferox)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Bitter Aloe
Give a thumbs up Cape Aloe
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Give a thumbs up Aloe
Give a thumbs up Unomaweni
Give a thumbs up Lekhala-la-Quthing

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Cactus/Succulent
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9a -6.7 °C (20 °F) to -3.9 °C (25 °F)
Plant Height: Up to 9-12 feet
Plant Spread: 3-4 feet
Leaves: Glaucous
Evergreen
Fruit: Dehiscent
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Orange
Red
White
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Late fall or early winter
Winter
Inflorescence Height: About 3 feet
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Provides winter interest
Flowering Tree
Medicinal Herb
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Hummingbirds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Can handle transplanting
Other info: Sow seeds in sandy soil. Seeds germinate in a few weeks at temperatures between 68 and 75 degrees F. Seedlings need moist but well-drained soil.
Pollinators: Birds
Containers: Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth

Image

Photo gallery:
Date: 2017-07-31
By ljones26
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Location: Cisco, Tx (between Dallas and Abilene)Date: 2016-03-14
By Ivan_N_Tx
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Location: San Diego in spring.Date: 2010-05-22
By TLeaves
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Location: Canoga Park, CaliforniaDate: 2012-01-27
By Kelli
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Date: 2006-07-11Photo courtesy of: Martin Heigan
By admin
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By peettee79
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Location: Coastal San Diego County Date: 2019-01-18
By carlysuko
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Location: Missouri Botanical Garden, St LouisDate: 2013-03-25
By jmorth
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Location: all photos from my gardensDate: 2021-09-05
By pinkiris
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Date: 4000-11-02Photo by Andrea Moro
By SongofJoy
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Date: 2011-02-10Photo by Andrea Moro
By SongofJoy
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Location: MOBOT -   St LouisDate: 2013-02-25upper left in photo
By jmorth
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Location: MOBOT -   St LouisDate: 2013-02-25
By jmorth
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Location: Canoga Park, CaliforniaDate: 2014-01-16
By Kelli
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Location: Canoga Park, CaliforniaDate: 2014-01-16
By Kelli
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Location: Canoga Park, CaliforniaDate: 2008-12-14
By Kelli
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Photo courtesy of Annie's Annuals and Perennials
By Calif_Sue
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Photo courtesy of Annie's Annuals and Perennials
By Calif_Sue
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Location: homeDate: 2014-08-07
By adamgreen
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Photo courtesy of: Rod Waddington
By admin
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Date: 2006-07-11Photo courtesy of: Martin Heigan
By admin
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Date: 2006-10-20Photo courtesy of: Martin Heigan
By admin
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Date: 2006-07-10Photo courtesy of: Martin Heigan
By admin
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Date: 2007-01-23Photo courtesy of: Martin Heigan
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This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by Baja_Costero (Baja California - Zone 11b) on May 4, 2017 2:44 PM

Common, variable South African single-stemmed tree aloe to 10 feet tall (or more). Winter flowers are exceptional: tall, dense racemes on multibranched inflorescences. They may be red, orange, yellow, rarely white. They attract bees and birds but are mostly pollinated by birds. The Natal form of this plant (described as A. candelabrum) has been subsumed into ferox.

Very easy to confuse with Aloe marlothii, and to a lesser extent africana, when not in flower. A. marlothii inflorescences usually have sideways branches and the flowers are always secund (oriented in one direction, usually up). A. ferox racemes are cylindrical and the flowers are arranged symmetrically all around the flower stem. The leaves on marlothii are usually spinier, and marlothii is usually bigger, but these features are not useful for a firm ID because both species are sufficiently variable to provide plenty of exceptions.

Once they reach a good size (3 gallon container) these plants can take day-long sun in mild climates. They will look and grow best with lots of sun. Leave the petticoat of dead leaves on the base of the plant for a more natural look. Remove dead inflorescences when they dry up and let go at the base.

Used to produce medicinal extracts derived from the juice from the leaves, which are said to have various curative properties.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Bitter Aloe by DMDflowers Feb 5, 2019 10:04 PM 0
Can you help me by ConkerTree96 Jul 3, 2021 1:09 PM 7
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Aloe ID by carlysuko Dec 9, 2019 10:32 AM 5
is this aloe vera good for skin? by Kyriaki Jul 2, 2019 10:20 AM 8
Who is familiar with Aloe? by plantladylin May 4, 2019 11:43 AM 8
Anyone recognize this Aloe? by plantladylin May 4, 2019 11:46 AM 3
Show Your Aloes Here by Stush2019 Oct 21, 2021 12:02 PM 1,702
Which agave is this? by Monetwwqi Oct 28, 2018 11:07 AM 55
Plant ID by Natlaw Aug 26, 2018 4:36 AM 3
My first Aloe Veras by Verac Oct 6, 2018 11:57 PM 22

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