PlantsAloes→Black-Spined Aloe (Aloe melanacantha)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Black-Spined Aloe
Give a thumbs up Aloe
Give a thumbs up Small Mountain Aloe
Give a thumbs up Swartdoringaalywn
Give a thumbs up Kleinbergaalwyn

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9b -3.9 °C (25 °F) to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
Plant Spread: 12-16"
Leaves: Evergreen
Other: Rough surface texture
Fruit: Dehiscent
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Bi-Color: Pink/red opening to pale yellow
Flower Time: Late fall or early winter
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Provides winter interest
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Hummingbirds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Can handle transplanting
Other info: Sow seeds in sandy soil. Seeds germinate in a few weeks at temperatures between 68 and 75 degrees F. Seedlings need moist but well-drained soil.
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Other: Stems cut below a node root easily. Cut a stem that has gotten leggy, let it dry out for at least a few hours to form a seal on the cut surface. Place the cutting in rooting medium kept moist, but not wet, until roots form.
Pollinators: Birds
Containers: Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth

Flowering after months of drought

Posted by Baja_Costero (Baja California - Zone 11b) on Feb 27, 2018 3:16 PM

Small green aloe with incurved leaves that have striking black spines along their margins and undersides. May be solitary or offsetting. From arid northwestern South Africa, a winter rainfall area. Red flowers opening to pale yellow appear on unbranched inflorescences in late fall/early winter. Leaves have a distinctly rough texture. Rosettes will close up on themselves and turn brown with drought stress.

Provide strong light and excellent drainage. Well suited to dry Mediterranean (winter rainfall) climates.

Aloe melanacantha can be distinguished from the closely related Aloe erinacea found to its north in Namibia based on bigger size, green color, and rough leaf texture. Aloe erinacea has formerly been treated as a variety of melanacantha.

Hybrids retain the rough leaf texture.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Great photo! by plantladylin Jan 20, 2021 7:35 PM 2
Show Your Aloes Here by Stush2019 Jan 23, 2022 10:07 AM 2,102
All my succulents by adamgreen Aug 26, 2016 5:12 PM 143

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