Kiwano (Cucumis metuliferus 'African Horned')

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Kiwano
Give a thumbs up African Horned Melon
Give a thumbs up African Horned Cucumber
Give a thumbs up Melano
Give a thumbs up Hedged Gourd

Also sold as:
Jelly Melon

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Vine
Life cycle: Annual
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 10a -1.1 °C (30 °F) to +1.7 °C (35 °F)
Plant Height: up to 9 feet - provide support
Plant Spread: 9 feet if allowed to creep on the ground.
Leaves: Other: Leaves are edible, prepare as for cooked spinach.
Fruit: Other: Each vine can produce up to 100 fruits.
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Summer
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Vegetable
Cooked greens
Edible Parts: Fruit
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Toxicity: Other: Fruit pulp, rind and seeds are edible; leaves are edible - can be cooked as spinach.
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Needs specific temperature: 58+ F
Days to germinate: 5 - 21 days
Depth to plant seed: 1.5 - 2 inches
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Other info: Start seeds indoors for earlier harvest.
Pollinators: Various insects
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Miscellaneous: Monoecious


Horned Melon Part Two, or  'Everything But the Horns'Horned Melon Part Two, or 'Everything But the Horns'
February 27, 2015

Plant Sister is at it again, using almost every part of something as food. [center] She says, "I learned from my mother about many things: Do not throw away food or let it go to waste". Written by Plant Sister and greene

(Full article8 comments)
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Posted by farmerdill (Augusta Georgia - Zone 8a) on Sep 29, 2015 9:32 AM

Listed as 140 days, it seems to take forever to fruit. Planted the first of May, the fruits are just beginning to ripen, the last of September. Beautiful vine during the summer months. It really looks good on a trellis. Surprise: Although the vine grows 10-15 feet, the fruits set in the first couple of feet, and after that the vine becomes worn and ratty looking.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Strange fruit by Mornenel72 Jul 31, 2018 10:53 AM 1

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