Black Ironwood (Krugiodendron ferreum)

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Moderately alkaline (7.9 – 8.4)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 10a -1.1 °C (30 °F) to +1.7 °C (35 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 11
Plant Height: 15 to 25 or 30 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Other: Small black berries
Fruiting Time: Summer
Late summer or early fall
Fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Green
White
Other: Greenish-white
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Summer
Late summer or early fall
Year Round
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Shade Tree
Useful for timber production
Edible Parts: Fruit
Eating Methods: Raw
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant

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