General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Wet
Wet Mesic
Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Blooms on old wood
Blooms on new wood
Flower Color: White
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Tip
Pollinators: Bees
Miscellaneous: Dioecious

Image
Common names
  • Winterberry Holly
  • Black Alder

Photo Gallery
Location: Medina, TN
Date: December 22, 2015
Ilex verticillata s
Location: Springton Manor in southeast PA
Date: 2015-01-11
shrub in winter in fruit
Location: Springton Manor near Coatesville, Pennsylvania
Date: 2015-01-11
close-up of fruit in winter
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2011-11-02
close-up of fruit with leaves
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2012-02-15
close-up of fruit in winter
Location: RHS Harlow Carr, Yorkshire, UK
Date: 2019-11-10
Location: RHS Harlow Carr, Yorkshire, UK
Date: 2019-10-27
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2011-11-02
shrub with fruit
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2012-02-15
shrub group in winter

Date: 2013-10-24

Date: 2011-01-19

Date: 2010-10-20

Date: 2011-12-08
Photo by clintbrown
Photo by Sequoiadendron4
Comments:
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 18, 2017 7:42 PM concerning plant:
    'Winter Gold' is a branch sport (mutation) from 'Winter Red' that was discovered at Simpson Nursery in Vincennes, Indiana in 1984. It gets about 7 feet high and wide. Its leaf color is a little lighter in color. It is cold hardy to USDA Zone 4. 'Southern Gentleman' works as a male cultivar for pollination for this cultivar.

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