General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 10a -1.1 °C (30 °F) to +1.7 °C (35 °F)
Plant Height: 12 - 32 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Edible to birds
Other: Small, fleshy green berries, maturing to black and then reddish-orange when ripe. Each berry contains 1 to 4 seeds.
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: Green
White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Flowering Tree
Will Naturalize
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Containers: Needs excellent drainage in pots
Conservation status: Vulnerable (VU)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Vulnerable
Image
Common names
  • Dragon's Blood Tree
  • Socotra Dragon Tree

Photo Gallery
Comments:
  • Posted by Baja_Costero (Baja California - Zone 11b) on Apr 16, 2017 9:43 PM concerning plant:
    Exotic Socotran endemic, related to the Canary Island dragon tree D. draco (which is orders of magnitude more common in cultivation). It is hard to distinguish young plants of the two species. Grows fabulous wide canopies with advanced age. Enjoys extreme exposure. Drought tolerant. Experiences regular fog in habitat.

    One of a few trees that make a red resin called dragon's blood, which has been collected by humans for millennia. This species makes the "true" dragon's blood used by the Romans, and traded along with resins from Boswellia and Commiphora (aka frankincense and myrrh). It is actually closer genetically to D. serrulata (the Arabian dragon tree) than it is to the similar looking D. draco.

    Notes on the species name: cinnabar is a red ore containing mercury sulfide. It was the historic source of vermillion pigment and is the principal source of elemental mercury.

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