Celtuce (Lactuca sativa var. angustana 'Cracoviensis')

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Annual
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Plant Spread: 8-10"
Leaves: Other: Grown for its edible leaves. Large butterhead type. Dark green, lime green, AND deep red leaves. Cold tolerant.
Uses: Vegetable
Salad greens
Suitable as Annual
Propagation: Seeds: Needs specific temperature: 40F to 75F. Fastest from 60F to 70F.
Days to germinate: 2-15
Depth to plant seed: 1/8 inch deep
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Other info: Lettuce almost never cross-pollinates. It has perfect flowers and usually self-pollinates before opening. 65 DTM. Bolts quickly. OP variety listed in 1885 French seed catalog.

 Photo Courtesy of Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Used with permissi

Photo gallery:
 Photo Courtesy of Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Used with permissi
By Joy
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Comments:
Posted by RickCorey (Everett WA 98204 - Zone 8a) on Jul 5, 2013 4:56 PM

'Cracoviensis' grows fast and may become large, but it bolts very quickly in heat. The leaves don't coarsen and become bitter, though.

The bolting seed stalks are also sweet and edible: raw like celery or peeled and eaten like asparagus (like flowering Bok Choy - Yu Choy Sum).

Leaves are red and green, with a splotch of darker purple in the center of the rosette.

'Cracoviensis' is a "four-season" lettuce - it's very cold-hardy and has over-wintered in NJ and MA.

'Cracoviensis' is a French heirloom. Vilmorin-Andrieux called it a distinct type ("Asparagus Lettuce"), in The Vegetable Garden, (the 1885 edition. not 1981). Vilmorin called it "Red Celtuce"

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