Species Iris (Iris domestica) in the Irises Database

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Common names:
Give a thumbs up Species Iris
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Give a thumbs up Iris

Botanical names:
Iris domestica Accepted
Gemmingia chinensis Synonym
Belamcanda punctata Synonym
Belamcanda flabellata Synonym
Belamcanda chinensis Synonym
Iris chinensis Synonym

Data specific to Irises (Edit)
Classification: Species
Registered Height: 24 to 40 inches
Bloom Color Description: Yellowish or orange red flowers mottled with red or blackish-purple spots

General Plant Information (Edit)
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Plant Height: 24 to 40 inches
Plant Spread: 15 to 20 inches
Leaves: Other: Evergreen in warmer winter climates.
Fruit: Showy
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Bi-Color: Orange and red
Flower Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Late summer or early fall
Inflorescence Type: Single
Underground structures: Rhizome
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Provides winter interest
Cut Flower
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Tolerates dry shade
Humidity tolerant
Salt tolerant
Toxicity: Fruit is poisonous
Propagation: Seeds: Provide light
Stratify seeds: 4 to 6 weeks
Days to germinate: anywhere from 10 days to literally months
Depth to plant seed: almost any depth from soil surface to 1" deep
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Can handle transplanting
Other info: Sow 1 seed per inch directly in the garden about 1/8" to 1/4" deep in spring after last frost
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots


We're Celebrating Irises This Week!We're Celebrating Irises This Week!
May 9, 2015

We open our Irises Celebration Week with a look at the top cultivars, top comments, most thumbed images, a contest, and more!

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Posted by mjsponies (Central Florida) on Sep 9, 2014 4:31 AM

I've had this growing in one of my "No man's land" beds for years. Always takes care of itself. It has to; no pampering for that bed. Drops seeds and I occasionally get a seedling, so I would say not invasive at all. I might collect some to sow this year and see whether I can spread it around the garden a little.

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Posted by valleylynn (Dallas, OR - Zone 8b) on Oct 22, 2011 2:08 PM

In 2005, based on molecular DNA sequence evidence, Belamcanda chinensis, the sole species in the genus Belamcanda, was transferred to the genus Iris and renamed Iris domestica.

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Posted by flaflwrgrl (North Fl. - Zone 8b) on Jul 24, 2012 8:21 PM

I had these in my garden in zone 10. They bloomed much of the year there. Lovely, striking blooms! And the fruit makes its own striking statement. They do self-sow freely, but the seedlings are easy to pull up if you don't want them. They are great to give away to others & readily transplant. These wonderful plants have beautiful foliage too. They are drought tolerant & can take full sun & a decent amount of salt air. A good plant for a xeri garden.

They are quite easy to grow from seed also. I have read all these particulars about growing them from seed but from my personal experiences they don't require any particular planting depth, or cold stratification or to be kept constantly moist or anything special. I planted a bunch of seeds in 2 containers on 4/30/13 @ various depths, from surface sown to 1" deep, they have been at times kept consistently moist & alternately moist to allowed to dry out. These little babies don't care. They actually seem to like some neglect. I have had seeds germinating from 10 days after planting right up until yesterday (9/15/13) & have no doubt that more will yet germinate in days or weeks to come.

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Plant Events from our members
piksihkOn July 4, 2017Bloomed
piksihkOn September 19, 2016Miscellaneous Event
first seed pod opened-collected seeds
piksihkOn July 9, 2016Bloomed
First blooms ever from seeds
piksihkOn October 1, 2014Seeds germinated
3 seedlings
piksihkOn September 1, 2014Seeds sown
flaflwrgrlOn June 26, 2014Bloomed
First bloom of the year today.
daveOn July 24, 2014Bloomed
MissMewOn July 17, 2017Obtained plant
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread TitleLast ReplyReplies
Stunning! by fiwitMar 7, 2012 10:08 AM2
Untitled by bisbeegirlSep 25, 2015 2:36 PM1
Some kind of lily, maybe? by BarbaleeNov 12, 2016 9:41 AM11
What Permanent Labeling Is Best For Irises? by TBGDNJun 5, 2017 5:09 AM109
Summer blooming bulbs by jmorthMar 24, 2017 2:54 AM67
I'm Baking! by ShadyGreenThumbJun 3, 2017 5:36 AM383
Leopard Flowers for sale by drdawgSep 14, 2016 11:00 AM155
What crosses are you doing by ediblelandscapingscJul 12, 2016 8:20 PM65
It is an iris but what?? I know it ain't TB by enidcandlesMay 24, 2016 11:44 AM2
Belamcanda chinensis wholesale pricing by drdawgMay 28, 2016 8:33 AM12
Mindless chatter by MuddymittsJul 20, 2017 6:32 PM12,565
Need help identifying these three :) by tashaking88Aug 6, 2014 2:28 PM5

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