American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana subsp. virginiana)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up American Hornbeam
Give a thumbs up Musclewood

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9a
Plant Height: 12 to 35 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Other: Pairs of 1/4 inch egg shaped, green, hairy nutlets.
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Green
Other: Male catkins are 1.5 inches long, yellowish-green and female catkins are shorter, fuzzy, yellowish-green to reddish-green.
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Shade Tree
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Butterflies
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Miscellaneous: Monoecious

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