Saskatoon Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia subsp. alnifolia)

Botanical names:
Amelanchier alnifolia subsp. alnifolia Accepted
Amelanchier alnifolia var. alnifolia Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: usually 6 to 10 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Fruit: Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Summer
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Edible Parts: Fruit
Eating Methods: Raw
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Pollinators: Bumblebees
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil


Photo gallery:

Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Nov 15, 2017 8:22 PM

It is a handsome multi-stem, upright shrub that gets about 6 to 10 feet high. It is native to the Great Plains from southern Saskatchewan to Nebraska. Best only planted in USDA Zones 4 & 5, as it is not adapted to farther south.

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Sep 7, 2018 12:06 PM

The regular Saskatoon Serviceberry is native to the Great Plains from southern Manitoba & Saskatchewan to Nebraska. It is a multi-stemmed shrub usually about 6 to 10 feet high and wide. It can range from 3 to 18 feet high. It tolerates harsh climates and alkaline soils. The Prairie Indians would mix the berries (1/3 to 1/2 inch wide and bluish-purple) with bison meat and fat to make pemmican. There are a number of cultivars selected for their good fruit production as: 'Honeywood, Smokey, Success, Northline, Parkwood, Pembina, and Theissen." The cultivar of 'Regent' is the most common form to be used in landscapes and gardens in the upper Midwest for beauty. Best used for USDA Zones 4 & 5, maybe Zone 6 is alright too. It is sold by some large, diverse, conventional nurseries and native plant nurseries in the upper Midwest. (There is a western variety of A. alnifolia florida or semi-integrifolia that grows larger and is native from south Alaska to northern California to Idaho.)

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