|Sun Requirements:||Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Other: Mostly Blue in most species, Reddish-brown or orange in other species, often aromatic.
|Bloom Size:||Under 1"
|Suitable Locations:||Street Tree
|Uses:||Windbreak or Hedge
|Containers:||Needs excellent drainage in pots
If I were asked what I love most about this tree, I probably couldn't give just one attribute, but the first thing that comes to mind is how much I enjoy the pleasant fragrance the tree emits, and how its handsome stature makes a perfect Christmas tree. But then maybe it's because it's so beneficial to songbirds and other wildlife, protecting and feeding so many over winter. Or maybe it's how much history the tree has, or how it provides medicine for many.
|Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Apr 25, 2019 11:00 AM
There are about 50 to 70 species of this genus of evergreen coniferous trees, shrubs, and groundcovers that occur throughout the Northern Hemisphere, with 13 native to North America. The Juniper is part of the Cypress Family of Cupressaceae along with Cypress (Cupressus), False-Cypress (Chamaecyparis), Arborvitae (Thuja), Incense-Cedar (Libocedrus), and some others. The purple, almost blue, gray, blue-black or reddish-brown, waxy seed (female) cones have fleshy, fused scales that make the structure look like "berries" that are usually only on "female" plants. The juniper berries are used to flavour gin. The tiny male cones are usually just on separate "male" (staminate) plants. Most species produce the juvenile foliage that is awl-like, prickly, tiny needles. Some species only produce the awl-like needles that are very prickly. The mature foliage is scale-like and overlapping in pairs or threes, closely pressed to the rounded or four-sided branchlets with glands that produce the sticky fragrant or pungent resin. Most species have some of both awl-like and scale-like, but some only have the scale-like foliage when mature and are soft to touch, often fragrant when crushed. Because the soft, pinkish, rot-resistant wood is fragrant, junipers are often referred to as being a kind of Cedar or as Redcedar.
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