General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9a -6.7 °C (20 °F) to -3.9 °C (25 °F)
Plant Height: Up to 12-25 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Dehiscent
Fruiting Time: Winter
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Orange
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Late fall or early winter
Inflorescence Height: 14 inches
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Patio/Ornamental/Small Tree
Uses: Provides winter interest
Flowering Tree
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Can handle transplanting
Other info: Sow seeds in sandy soil. Seeds germinate in a few weeks at temperatures between 68 and 75 degrees F. Seedlings need moist but well-drained soil.
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Other: Stems cut below a node root easily. Cut a stem that has gotten leggy, let it dry out for at least a few hours to form a seal on the cut surface. Place the cutting in rooting medium kept moist, but not wet, until roots form.
Containers: Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth

Common names
  • Mozambique Tree Aloe
  • Tonga Tree Aloe
  • Aloe
  • Tonga Boomaalwyn
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Aloidendron tongaense
  • Synonym: Aloe tongaensis

Photo Gallery
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-09-11
Puberty (3yo)
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-11-03
Short capitate racemes with yellowish orange, nodding flowers

Date: 2015-06-20
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-08-31
3 year old seedling
Location: Baja California
Date: 2022-10-18
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-10-22
Location: Baja California
Date: 2024-06-06
7 years old
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-09-22
Location: Baja California
Date: 2024-06-07
Tall rosette
Location: Baja California
Date: 2017-04-12
Location: Baja California
Date: 2019-04-24
Showing a little trunk. Not quite 2 years old. In a 3 gallon (10
Location: Baja California
Date: 2017-04-13
In a 50 gallon barrel
Location: Baja California
Date: 2024-02-21
Dichotomous branching, winter
Location: Baja California
Date: 2017-04-13
In a 50 gallon barrel
Location: Baja California
Date: 2021-11-07
Internodes measure 1.5 - 2.5cm (growing in full sun)

Date: May
credit: JMK
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-09-12
Sheath detail
  • Posted by Baja_Costero (Baja California - Zone 11b) on Dec 24, 2019 3:24 PM concerning plant:
    Large multibranched tree aloe from a summer rainfall area in southeastern Africa. Fast growing from seed (3-4 years to flowering, maybe 10 years to becoming an actual tree). Dichotomous branching may be linked to flowering or not, and is triggered by good conditions (like our winter rain). This plant is really only viable in a container for about 6 or 7 years, unless you are willing to go huge or don't mind the gradual decline of a limited plant.

    Described in 2010. Formerly known as a coastal form of A. barberae. Found in southern Mozambique and far northeastern South Africa.

    This species can be distinguished from the Somalian A. eminens based on having fewer branches and a shorter inflorescence with short capitate racemes and long, curved yellow-orange flowers. It can be distinguished from A. barberae (also South Africa and Mozambique) based on the height of the raceme and the shape, size and color of the flowers.

    This aloe was moved along with the other two species and a few other tree aloes from Aloe to Aloidendron with a 2013 reorganization of the genus. The name is a reference to Tongaland (Amatongaland, Maputaland) and the Tonga people who live there.
Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
ID question by Baja_Costero Nov 4, 2020 11:44 PM 0

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