General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9a
Plant Height: 12 - 36 inches
Plant Spread: 12 - 36 inches
Fruit: Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Fall
Late fall or early winter
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: Pink
Purple
White
Bloom Size: 2"-3"
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Summer
Late summer or early fall
Other: Deadheading flowers ensures more flowering throughout the season.
Uses: Provides winter interest
Medicinal Herb
Cut Flower
Will Naturalize
Suitable as Annual
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Butterflies
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 4 weeks
Depth to plant seed: cover the seeds thin
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Pollinators: Moths and Butterflies
Bumblebees
Bees
Various insects
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots

Image
Common names
  • Purple Coneflower
  • Eastern Purple Coneflower
  • Hedgehog Coneflower
  • Coneflower

Photo Gallery
Location: My garden in Kalama, Wa. Zone 8
Date: 2014-07-22
Location: NC
Date: June 2017
Photo by pirl
Location: Garden 2
Date: 2013-08-02

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
Location: Sherwood, Oregon
Date: 2019-03-27

Courtesy Outsidepride

Courtesy Gardens in the Wood of Grassy Creek
Location: Garden 2
Date: 2013-07-31
It is no problem for the bees if the Petals haven't fully opened

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
Location: Garden 2
Date: 2013-07-31
Location: Garden 2
Date: 2013-09-23

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Comments:
  • Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Sep 9, 2011 11:55 AM concerning plant:
    Echinacea purpurea is native to eastern North America. It is a perennial that is pollinated by butterflies and bees. Grows best in full sun to partial shade. The Purple Coneflower is one of my favorite perennial garden plants. They spread each year and produce many seeds to sow and share. The coneflowers are butterfly magnets and I think every garden should have purple coneflowers!
  • Posted by Catmint20906 (PNW WA half hour south of Olympia - Zone 8a) on Aug 2, 2014 8:09 PM concerning plant:
    Echinacea purpurea is an important nectar source for many butterfly species.

    This plant has special value to native bees, including bumble and leafcutter species.
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Feb 21, 2018 9:00 PM concerning plant:
    This is a very easy and reliable perennial for sun or part-shade in well-drained soils. Its lovely purple flowers bloom 6 to 8 weeks in July & August. It is easy to divide and reset if ever wanted, but not needed. It does self-sow a good amount. I had one group come up by itself from seed on the east side of the front yard from the group on the west side of the yard about 20 feet away. Goldfinches and some other finches love the seeds. Lots of butterflies, bees, and other pollinators love the flowers. This species does suffer a little from Aster Yellows Disease, which makes some flower heads deform some with bigger greenish noses and fewer petals, but I have not found it deadly. Just cut below the infection. I find it somewhat commonly planted in average yards, but still not as much as Daylilies, Hostas, Bearded Irises, and Peonies. Some are sold by almost any conventional nursery or native plant nursery. Its native range is from Iowa though Ohio to Virginia to Georgia to Louisiana.
  • Posted by Johannian (The Black Hills, SD - Zone 5a) on Jul 9, 2022 3:12 PM concerning plant:
    This grows natively in the Black Hills. They look beautiful this time of year.
  • Posted by bsavage (Dolores, Colorado) on Dec 7, 2011 4:39 PM concerning plant:
    I inherited a pretty large bed of echinaceas when we bought our place here in Colorado. Initially I wasn't a big fan, but year after year they grow and bloom and add a big burst of color... and they are great as cut flowers. Probably the easiest plant I have in any garden. I love them! (And so do the bees!). Very tolerant, full sun.
  • Posted by KFredenburg (Black Hills, SD - Zone 5a) on Jun 10, 2020 1:29 PM concerning plant:
    Use purple coneflowers at the back of a border or along the sunny edges of woodland areas for many weeks of color. They make excellent cut flowers, and stripped of petals, their prickly centers add textural variety to dried arrangements.
  • Posted by Trish (Grapevine, TX - Zone 8a) on May 10, 2022 9:15 AM concerning plant:
    This is the most familiar and widely distributed of all coneflowers, and the one that most gardeners plant. Given rich, amended soil, plants reach a robust 3 to 4 feet in height and produce flowers 4 to 6 inches across. The reddish purple petals are shaded green at the tips, and the center is orange. In most varieties, the petals droop after growing outward from the cone, accounting for the name given to the plants in the Ozarks: droops. The 2- to 3-inch-long leaves are medium green, and toothed or smooth, dep on the variety. With their strong stems, they make an excellent addition to cut-flower arrangements. This coneflower, native to the open woods and prairies of Ohio and Iowa south to Louisiana and Georgia, makes a showy backdrop for low-growing summer annuals or perennials.

    Unlike most of the other species, purple coneflower has a more fibrous root system, the reason it is more successfully propagated by division. If grown from seed, E. purpurea often blooms the first year.
Plant Events from our members
piksihk On March 1, 2020 Bloomed
Clumps survived winter, several seedlings growing
piksihk On October 19, 2019 Seeds sown
WG frt beds
piksihk On March 10, 2018 Bloomed
piksihk On February 27, 2017 Bloomed
Survived a two day cold snap; didn't faze it-
piksihk On May 1, 2016 Transplanted
theses selfsow from rect. bed at WG to HW;
piksihk On August 29, 2015 Harvested
Seeds collected
piksihk On April 1, 2015 Bloomed
Lindacarlson06gmail On May 30, 2020 Obtained plant
WebTucker On May 23, 2022 Bloomed
gochna On April 27, 2021 Obtained plant
ShawnSteve On April 28, 2021 Seeds sown
Thought I'd try the plain species, with so many different cultivars available, these days.
paleohunter On April 10, 2022 Seeds sown
paleohunter On April 1, 2022 Seeds sown
paleohunter On May 31, 2021 Bloomed
paleohunter On April 1, 2021 Transplanted
paleohunter On August 29, 2020 Seeds sown
antsinmypants On March 31, 2021 Plant emerged
antsinmypants On January 18, 2021 Seeds sown
WS - Jug 13 From seeds Collected from Angel's garden 9-2020.
AylaCornelius On January 25, 2020 Seeds sown
Catmint20906 On June 18, 2015 Bloomed
tinytreez On January 4, 2020 Obtained plant
Purple and White varieties.

Purple started outdoor in soil spring of 2019, then transplanted in front garden towards mid-late summer. Will update plant status here next spring.

White variety started indoors in coco, January 2020 from OSC seeds, and is currently growing in a humidity dome under T5 lights. I plan on moving it to my front garden with the purple variety.
Michelezie On July 10, 2018 Bloomed
lovesblooms On June 28, 2015 Bloomed
from 2014 plants (trade)
dragonfetti On March 25, 2015 Seeds germinated
dragonfetti On March 18, 2015 Miscellaneous Event
Just a few germinated and survived.
dragonfetti On March 10, 2015 Seeds sown
dragonfetti On February 4, 2015 Seeds sown
3ea. in 18 cells.
dragonfetti On December 9, 2014 Obtained plant
Received from Seeds Needs for sowing spring 2015.
flaflwrgrl On October 29, 2014 Obtained plant
Santa Rosa Gardens in pot.
Cat On August 22, 2014 Obtained plant
MySecretIslandGarden On September 2, 2022 Seeds sown
Seeds and cuttings SW corner
MySecretIslandGarden On July 30, 2022 Miscellaneous Event
Are still in bloom
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
very cool picture by Dutchlady1 Nov 22, 2011 8:50 PM 3
Phyllody by bamira Feb 24, 2016 7:34 PM 3
outstanding capture! by Tom_F_GA Apr 4, 2020 9:33 PM 1

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