General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9a
Plant Height: 12 - 36 inches
Plant Spread: 12 - 36 inches
Fruit: Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Fall
Late fall or early winter
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: Pink
Purple
White
Bloom Size: 2"-3"
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Summer
Late summer or early fall
Other: Deadheading flowers ensures more flowering throughout the season.
Uses: Provides winter interest
Medicinal Herb
Cut Flower
Will Naturalize
Suitable as Annual
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Butterflies
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 4 weeks
Depth to plant seed: cover the seeds thin
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Pollinators: Moths and Butterflies
Bumblebees
Bees
Various insects
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots

Image
Common names
  • Purple Coneflower
  • Eastern Purple Coneflower
  • Coneflower
  • Hedgehog Coneflower

Photo Gallery
Location: Ontario Canada
Date: 2020-07-28
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2019-10-04
Purple Coneflower 076
Location: Garland, TX
Date: 2019-05-25
#pollination
Location: My Yard
Date: 2017-07-10
#pollination

Date: 2017-06-20
#Pollination
Location: Fort Worth, TX
Date: May 2014
Echinacea purpurea macros shot
Location: #Pollination - Monarch Butterfly 
Date: June 10, 2010
#Pollination - Gulf Fritillary Butterfly visiting a bloom
Location: Woodbridge , Va
Date: 2020-08-07
Seed Head and the American Goldfinch that likes to and was eating
Location: my garden
Date: 2016-05-25
#Pollination
Location: My garden.
Date: 2011-8-25
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2009-07-01
Location: Gardenfish garden 
Date: 2020-06-09
More tigers this year than ever.

Date: 2009-09-05
Credit Alexey Sergeev
Location: southeast alabama
Date: 2015-08-14
#Pollination  Petals of the coneflower!
Location: j c raulston arboretum, ncsu,  raleigh, north carolina
Date: 2021-08-03
Location: Home garden
Date: 2020-07-16
By KYgal
Location: Philo, California
Date: 2015-07-05
Location: Maryland
Date: 2015-08-15
Location: southeast alabama
Date: 2015-06-09
Plant full of blooms!
Location: Full sun, front yard
Date: 7/31/2010
Location: IL
Date: 2009-07-24
#Pollination Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly
Location: Bosnia and Herzegovina Where
Date: 2020-06-27
Location: My garden in Kalama, Wa. Zone 8
Date: 2014-07-22
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Pleasant Grove, Utah
Date: 2011-07-25
With Rudbeckia
Location: j c raulston arboretum, ncsu,  raleigh, north carolina
Date: 2021-06-06
Location: Ontario Canada
Date: 2020-07-28
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2008-07-12
#pollination
Location: Garland, TX
Date: 2020-05-17
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2015-06-19
The bees love this flower.
Location: central Illinois
Date: 7-14-14
#pollination
Location: central Illinois
Date: 7-16-2011
#pollination
Location: j c raulston arboretum, ncsu,  raleigh, north carolina
Date: 2021-06-15
Location: West side-Full sun.
Date: Spring/2011
Location: Pleasant Grove, Utah
Date: 2011-07-25
Seedling
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2019-06-23
Bumblebee On A Purple Coneflower 047

Date: 2017-06-09
Location: Historic City Cemetery, Sacramento CA.
Date: 2016-06-04
Zone 9b.
Location: My garden, KY
Date: 2023-07-20
Grown from seeds collected from PowWow Wild Berry
Photo by pirl
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2010-06-23
#Pollination - Common Buckeye Butterfly
Location: Gardenfish garden 
Date: 2020-07-02
A bonus bee!
Location: my flower garden
Date: summer 2016 
butterfly on cone flower
Location: Van Buren, MO
Date: 2018-05-26
Native wildflower - didn't even have to plant it.
Location: In my garden in Oklahoma City, OK
Date: 2016-10-09
FADED GLORY - The color is lost but the beauty remains
Location: Pleasant Grove, Utah
Date: 2011-07-25
with Rudbeckia and White Swan
Location: IL
Date: 2016-07-12
#Pollination Red Admiral Butterfly (Vanessa atalanta)
Location: My Garden, Ontario, Canada
Date: 2019-08-04
Monarch butterfly enjoying the purple coneflower in my garden.
Location: Garland, TX
Date: 2019-06-17
#pollination

Date: 2016-06-28
Location: central Illinois
Date: 10-5-19

Date: 2017-06-09
Location: New Brunswick, Canada
Date: 2017-08-13
End of life in a dry season, but the painted lady is still enjoyi
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5
Date: 2010-06-23
Location: NC
Date: June 2017
  • Uploaded by vic

Date: 2012-08-25
Credit Alexey Sergeev A

Date: 2015-08-21
Location: East Tennessee
Date: 2016-07-02
#Pollination

Date: 2016-08-21
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2019-06-02
Symmetry Of Nature - Purple Coneflower 055
Location: Rodin Museum garden, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Date: 2020-06-14
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2017-07-02
Purple Coneflower 031

Date: 2013-07-12
Location: My backyard
Date: August 2011
Purple Coneflower

Date: 2019-09-19
Location: Our Prairie to be, near Central Iowa
Date: 2015-08-15
See the little dots of pollen?

Date: 2016-07-15
May not be the sharpest image — the wind was blowing.
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2022-05-11
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Colors of Nature - Purple Coneflower 4
Location: Bothanical Garden of Cluj Napoca, Romania
Date: 2020
Location: Gardenfish garden
Date: June 5 2020
Plant is 5 feet tall.Tough, hardy native.
Location: Chicago
Date: 2020-07-14
Location: My garden
Date: 2020-03-13
Location: Omaha, NE
Date: 2016-03-13
Location: my garden in Dawsonville, GA (zone 7b north Geogia mountains)
Date: 2017-05-30
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2017-05-19
Grey Hairstreak butterfly
Location: Swanton Vermont
Location: Hidden Hills CA zone 10b
Date: 2013-05-25
Location: Lilburn, GA
Date: 2022-09-28
Location: Garland, TX
Date: 2019-06-17
#pollination
Location: East garden
Date: August
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2014-05-26
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-07-05
group in bloom at fence
Photo by Shell
Location: Västerbotten, Sweden
Date: 2021-08-15
Location: Sheri's healing flower garden
Date: 2015-06-09
Emerging coneflower buds !

Date: 2016-07-15
Location: SE Michigan
Date: 2015-08-20
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2010-06-23
#Pollination - Common Buckeye
Location: Fellows Riverside Gardens, Youngstown, Ohio
Date: 2017-06-15
Purple Coneflower 025
Location: Garden 2
Date: 2013-08-02
Location: Heathcote Ontario Canada
Date: 2020  July
Echinacea purpurea  Seeded in the planter in 2016. blooms every y
Location: My garden.
Date: 2011-9-4
Photo by sedumzz

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Wilmington, Delaware USA
Date: 6/19/2021
Developing flower head
Location: my garden in Dawsonville, GA (zone 7b north Geogia mountains)
Date: 2016-05-19
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2010-07-09
Photo by sedumzz

Date: 2013-07-12
Location: My garden in Southeast Virginia, Zone 8a.
Date: JULY
BLOOM
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2017-06-25
#pollination
Location: The Black Hills, SD
Date: 7/9/2022
Location: Southern Maine
Date: 2023-07-11
Pretty pink.
Location: My Garden
Date: 2013-08-26
Location: Northern Germany
Date: 2022-06-29
Location: Sheri's healing flower garden
Date: 2015-06-09
Joy to behold!

Date: 2015-08-07
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2019-03-01

Date: 2012-07-04
Location: Charleston, SC
Date: 2021-07-16
Location: My zone 5 garden.
Date: 2017-07-24
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Boyd House garden)
Date: June 14, 2022
Purple Cone flower #187; RAB page 1110, 179-62-1; LHB page 995, 1
Photo by StephGTx

Date: 2015-06-10
Photo by sedumzz
Location: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phyllody
Credit MBG Echinacea purpurea Phyllody, abnormal development of f
Photo by sedumzz

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Sherwood, Oregon
Date: 2019-03-27
Location: Canada
Location: Hidden Hills CA zone 10b
Date: 2013-05-25

Date: 2013-07-09

Courtesy Outsidepride
  • Uploaded by vic

Courtesy Gardens in the Wood of Grassy Creek
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2017-05-18
Location: Fairfax VA
Date: June 25
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Boyd House garden)
Date: May 23, 2022
Purple Cone flower #187; RAB page 1110, 179-62-1; LHB page 995, 1
Location: Seattle, WA
Date: Summer
Location: IL
Date: 2017-08-04
Location: Fairfax, VA | April, 2022
Date: 2022-07-06
Location: My backyard
Date: May 7, 2011
Bud
Location: Michigan
Date: 2018-07-26
Red Admiral Butterfly on Purple Coneflower
Location: Jacksonville, Fl.
Date: 2014-05-12
Putting out first buds of the year. It's second year in my garden
Photo by Robert147red
Location: Southern Maine
Date: 2023-07-18
Bright vivid flowers held flat.  Seedling.
Location: Emigsville Pennsylvania (York county)
Date: 2015-07-19
Strange Double bloom
Location: my garden, Gent, Belgium
Date: Jul 15, 2007 7:39 PM
Location: Fairfax, Virginia (Outdoors)

Date: 2012-06-30
Location: Chicago
Date: 2020-07-06
Location: Enterprise, Al. 36330
Date: 2017-06-14
#Pollination Butterfly and Bee on Purple Coneflower
Location: Southern Maine
Date: 2023-07-23
Pretty open petalled bloom on this seedling.
Photo by Anderwood
Location: Southeast Alabama
Date: 2013-08-09
Coneflower cone in summer
Location: sheri's healing flower garden, south east alabama
Date: 2015-08-26
Coneflower has strong stalks, upright

Credit Alexey Sergeev
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2014-07-05
Location: Wilmington, Delaware USA
Date: 2020-06-10
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2019-06-21
Black Honeybee On A Coneflower 001 #pollination
Location: Garland (Dallas), TX
Date: 2014-05-24
First flower of the year is missing some petals, but the tips in

Date: 2017-07-02
Location: Hood, Alabama 
Date: 2023-04-23
Location: Garden 2
Date: 2013-07-31
It is no problem for the bees if the Petals haven't fully opened
Location: j c raulston arboretum, raleigh, north carolina
Date: 2020-09-15
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2016-08-25
#pollination   Sooty Wing BF
Location: Winchester, NH
Date: 2014-07-31
Location: Robertsdale, AL
Date: 6/14/22
Mid morning

Date: 2013-07-12
Photo by Anderwood
Location: Fairfax VA
Date: 2022-06-25
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Subtle coloration of blooms and shorter stature in dry, bright sh
Location: My backyard
Date: July 15, 2011
Coneflowers
Location: My backyard
Date: April 21, 2011
Echinacea purpurea bud
Photo by Sharon
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-04-24
4 month old seedlings started January 2013
Location: Alabama Gulf Coast (z8b)
Date: March
Seedlings grown from seed harvested from the previous year's flow
Location: Wayne, Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-07-08
a line along wall top
Location: Wayne, Pennsylvania
Date: 2015-07-11
group in bloom
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-07-04
group in bed island
Location: Mason, New Hampshire (zone 5b)
Date: 2012-07-13
Photo by DogsNDaylilies
Location: Philo, California
Date: 2015-07-15
echinacea and lilies
Location: my garden, Gent, Belgium
Date: Jul 11, 2006 7:12 PM
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-07-22
Location: Charleston, SC
Date: 2022-06-06
Photo by robertduval14
Location: my garden 
Date: 2018-03-08
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2017-07-09
Location: Hood, Alabama 
Date: 2023-07-16
Location: Fairfax, Virginia (Outdoors)

Date: 2015-08-07

Date: 2016-07-15
Location: Southern Maine
Date: 2023-07-07
Strikingly bright pink seedling!!
Location: SE Michigan
Date: 2015-08-20
Old and New
Location: Maryland
Date: 2015-07-12
Blossoms from a single plant

Date: 2012-07-04
Location: My garden in Southeast Virginia
Date: 2013-05-20
Location: Fairfax, VA | July, 2023
Date: 2023-07-01

Date: 2016-03-04
Location: Home
Date: 2016-08-01
Location: Gulf-coast Texas
Date: 2014-07-07
What a Beauty
Location: Gulf-coast Texas
Date: 2012-07-10
They do very well here in my part of Texas
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2012-07-09
Location: Pembroke, GA
Date: 2014-01-23
Photo courtesy of Santa Rosa Gardens. Used with Permission.
Photo by sedumzz

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Baltimore, MD
Date: 2017-01-18
Location: Eagle Bay, New York
Date: 2020-07-24
Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) with Swallowtail
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-10-08
Location: Apis mellifera (honey bee) visiting a late-blooming Echinacea purpurea (purple coneflower)
Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-06-07
Location: western Oregon
Date: 2015-12-20

USDA
Location: Fairfax VA
Date: 2022-06-25
Location: My backyard
Date: August 12, 2011
Purple Coneflower
Location: My backyard
Date: August 18, 2011
Going to seed
Location: My backyard
Date: August 18, 2011
Growing with Salvia
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2014-05-26
Photo by stephanietx
Location: Brownstown Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-06-18
Location: Near The First Church of Christ, Scientist in Boston, MA 
Date: 2014-08-02
Location: Eagle Bay, New York
Date: 2020-08-08
Echinacea purpurea

Date: 2014-11-14

Date: 2012-06-30
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-07-30
Started from seed in January. Is it unusual to have blooms this e
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-07-08
Purple Coneflower 059
Location: Mason, New Hampshire
Date: May 12, 2013
2013 spring emergence
Location: Indiana
Date: Fall 2016
Location: my garden; rect. bed
Date: 2015-05-06
Location: zone 8 North Central, Fl.
Location: Fairfax, VA | June, 2023
Date: 2023-06-26
Location: Southern Maine
Date: 2023-07-07
Bright pink seedling coneflower!
Location: zone 8 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2015-06-26
Location: zone 8 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2015-06-26
Location: zone 8 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2015-06-26
Location: zone 8 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2015-06-26
Location: zone 8 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2015-06-26
Location: zone 8 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2015-06-26
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-05-23
Started from seed last year

Date: 2012-07-04
Location: Fairfax, VA | July, 2023
Date: 2023-07-01
my own seedling

Date: 2011-10-03
Location: Home
Date: 2016-08-01
Location: Garden 2
Date: 2013-07-31
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-06-12
Location: Garden 2
Date: 2013-09-23
Location: East Tennessee
#pollination
Photo by sedumzz
Location: Fairfax, Virginia (Outdoors)
Location: central Illinois
Date: 7-16-11
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2014-03-17
Newly emerging plants
Location: Fairfax, VA | August, 2022
Date: 2022-08-21

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Comments:
  • Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Sep 9, 2011 11:55 AM concerning plant:
    Echinacea purpurea is native to eastern North America. It is a perennial that is pollinated by butterflies and bees. Grows best in full sun to partial shade. The Purple Coneflower is one of my favorite perennial garden plants. They spread each year and produce many seeds to sow and share. The coneflowers are butterfly magnets and I think every garden should have purple coneflowers!
  • Posted by Catmint20906 (PNW WA half hour south of Olympia - Zone 8a) on Aug 2, 2014 8:09 PM concerning plant:
    Echinacea purpurea is an important nectar source for many butterfly species.

    This plant has special value to native bees, including bumble and leafcutter species.
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Feb 21, 2018 9:00 PM concerning plant:
    This is a very easy and reliable perennial for sun or part-shade in well-drained soils. Its lovely purple flowers bloom 6 to 8 weeks in July & August. It is easy to divide and reset if ever wanted, but not needed. It does self-sow a good amount. I had one group come up by itself from seed on the east side of the front yard from the group on the west side of the yard about 20 feet away. Goldfinches and some other finches love the seeds. Lots of butterflies, bees, and other pollinators love the flowers. This species does suffer a little from Aster Yellows Disease, which makes some flower heads deform some with bigger greenish noses and fewer petals, but I have not found it deadly. Just cut below the infection. I find it somewhat commonly planted in average yards, but still not as much as Daylilies, Hostas, Bearded Irises, and Peonies. Some are sold by almost any conventional nursery or native plant nursery. Its native range is from Iowa though Ohio to Virginia to Georgia to Louisiana.
  • Posted by Johannian (The Black Hills, SD - Zone 4b) on Jul 9, 2022 3:12 PM concerning plant:
    This grows natively in the Black Hills. They look beautiful this time of year.
  • Posted by bsavage (Santa Clarita, CA - Zone 9b) on Dec 7, 2011 4:39 PM concerning plant:
    I inherited a pretty large bed of echinaceas when we bought our place here in Colorado. Initially I wasn't a big fan, but year after year they grow and bloom and add a big burst of color... and they are great as cut flowers. Probably the easiest plant I have in any garden. I love them! (And so do the bees!). Very tolerant, full sun.
  • Posted by KFredenburg (Black Hills, SD - Zone 5a) on Jun 10, 2020 1:29 PM concerning plant:
    Use purple coneflowers at the back of a border or along the sunny edges of woodland areas for many weeks of color. They make excellent cut flowers, and stripped of petals, their prickly centers add textural variety to dried arrangements.
  • Posted by Trish (Grapevine, TX - Zone 8a) on May 10, 2022 9:15 AM concerning plant:
    This is the most familiar and widely distributed of all coneflowers, and the one that most gardeners plant. Given rich, amended soil, plants reach a robust 3 to 4 feet in height and produce flowers 4 to 6 inches across. The reddish purple petals are shaded green at the tips, and the center is orange. In most varieties, the petals droop after growing outward from the cone, accounting for the name given to the plants in the Ozarks: droops. The 2- to 3-inch-long leaves are medium green, and toothed or smooth, dep on the variety. With their strong stems, they make an excellent addition to cut-flower arrangements. This coneflower, native to the open woods and prairies of Ohio and Iowa south to Louisiana and Georgia, makes a showy backdrop for low-growing summer annuals or perennials.

    Unlike most of the other species, purple coneflower has a more fibrous root system, the reason it is more successfully propagated by division. If grown from seed, E. purpurea often blooms the first year.
Plant Events from our members
piksihk On March 1, 2020 Bloomed
Clumps survived winter, several seedlings growing
piksihk On October 19, 2019 Seeds sown
WG frt beds
piksihk On March 10, 2018 Bloomed
piksihk On February 27, 2017 Bloomed
Survived a two day cold snap; didn't faze it-
piksihk On May 1, 2016 Transplanted
theses selfsow from rect. bed at WG to HW;
piksihk On August 29, 2015 Harvested
Seeds collected
piksihk On April 1, 2015 Bloomed
paleohunter On October 17, 2023 Potted up
Potted on 2023 seedlings
paleohunter On April 9, 2023 Potted up
Potted up 2023 seedlings
paleohunter On April 9, 2023 Transplanted
Transplanted 2022 seedlings
paleohunter On March 8, 2023 Seeds sown
paleohunter On April 10, 2022 Seeds sown
paleohunter On April 1, 2022 Seeds sown
paleohunter On May 31, 2021 Bloomed
paleohunter On April 1, 2021 Transplanted
paleohunter On August 29, 2020 Seeds sown
Flowerlover6 On October 19, 2022 Seeds sown
MySecretIslandGarden On September 2, 2022 Seeds sown
Seeds and cuttings SW corner
MySecretIslandGarden On July 30, 2022 Miscellaneous Event
Are still in bloom
WebTucker On May 23, 2022 Bloomed
AtaMaj On April 27, 2021 Obtained plant
ShawnSteve On April 28, 2021 Seeds sown
Thought I'd try the plain species, with so many different cultivars available, these days.
antsinmypants On March 31, 2021 Plant emerged
antsinmypants On January 18, 2021 Seeds sown
WS - Jug 13 From seeds Collected from Angel's garden 9-2020.
Catmint20906 On June 18, 2015 Bloomed
Lindacarlson06gmail On May 30, 2020 Obtained plant
AylaCornelius On January 25, 2020 Seeds sown
tinytreez On January 4, 2020 Obtained plant
Purple and White varieties.

Purple started outdoor in soil spring of 2019, then transplanted in front garden towards mid-late summer. Will update plant status here next spring.

White variety started indoors in coco, January 2020 from OSC seeds, and is currently growing in a humidity dome under T5 lights. I plan on moving it to my front garden with the purple variety.
Michelezie On July 10, 2018 Bloomed
lovesblooms On June 28, 2015 Bloomed
from 2014 plants (trade)
flaflwrgrl On October 29, 2014 Obtained plant
Santa Rosa Gardens in pot.
Cat On August 22, 2014 Obtained plant
SuperHappyCamper On February 10, 2023 Obtained plant
Purchased from WM.
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
very cool picture by Dutchlady1 Nov 22, 2011 8:50 PM 3
Phyllody by bamira Feb 24, 2016 7:34 PM 3
outstanding capture! by Tom_F_GA Apr 4, 2020 9:33 PM 1

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