General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Annual
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Plant Height: 12 to 36 inches
Plant Spread: 12 to 18 inches
Leaves: Other: Blue-green palm-like leaves; leaf stems have nectar glands that attract bees, wasps, flies, and ants
Fruit: Edible to birds
Pops open explosively when ripe
Other: Pod: when ripe, dries up, turns dark brown, and seeds rattle inside; eventually it splits and catapults them out
Fruiting Time: Fall
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Summer
Late summer or early fall
Fall
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Erosion control
Will Naturalize
Good as a cover crop
Edible Parts: Fruit
Dynamic Accumulator: Nitrogen fixer
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Butterflies
Other Beneficial Insects: Wasps that eat garden pests, ants
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 10 days
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Other info: self seeds
Pollinators: Bumblebees
Bees
Various insects
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil

Image
Common names
  • Partridge Pea
  • Showy Partridge-pea
  • Beeflower
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Chamaecrista fasciculata
  • Synonym: Cassia brachiata
  • Synonym: Cassia chamaecrista
  • Synonym: Cassia fasciculata
  • Synonym: Cassia fasciculata var. brachiata
  • Synonym: Cassia fasciculata var. depressa
  • Synonym: Cassia fasciculata var. ferrisiae
  • Synonym: Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata

Photo Gallery
Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.
Date: Summer 2011
Flower with leaves.
Location: Willow Valley Communities, Willow Street, Pennsylvania
Date: 2022-07-30
Location: Aberdeen, NC Pages Lake park
Date: August 24, 2022
Partidge Pea #42;  RAB p.577, 98-5-5; LHB p. 586, synonym Cassia,
Location: Aberdeen, NC Pages Lake park
Date: August 24, 2022
Partidge Pea #42;  RAB p.577, 98-5-5; LHB p. 586, synonym Cassia,
Location: Aberdeen, NC Pages Lake park
Date: August 24, 2022
Partidge Pea #42;  RAB p.577, 98-5-5; LHB p. 586, synonym Cassia,
Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.
Date: Spring 2010
This is a large group of plants together.
Location: Nederland, Jefferson County, Texas
Date: July 10, 2010
Partridge Pea bloom close-up
Location: Aberdeen, NC
Date: October 7,  2021
Partidge Pea #42;  RAB p.577, 98-5-5; LHB p. 586, synonym Cassia,
Location: Tennessee
Date: 2004-08-24
Steven J. Baskauf http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/
Location: Opp, AL
Date: 2014-09-22

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
Location: Our Prairie to be, near Central Iowa
Date: 2015-08-15
Dew covered flower
Location: Aberdeen, NC Pages Lake park
Date: August 24, 2022
Partidge Pea #42;  RAB p.577, 98-5-5; LHB p. 586, synonym Cassia,
Location: Aberdeen, NC Pages Lake park
Date: August 24, 2022
Partidge Pea #42;  RAB p.577, 98-5-5; LHB p. 586, synonym Cassia,
Location: Mississippi
Date: July
Host plant for sulphur butterflies
Location: Nederland, Jefferson County, Texas
Date: August 9, 2010
Location: Dauphin island
Date: 2017-07-11
Location: Opp, AL
Date: 2014-09-22
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2012-08-16 
Photo taken at Merritt Island Nat'l Wildlife Refuge, Merritt Isla
Location: IL
Date: 2011-08-20

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
Photo by SongofJoy

 Courtesy Outsidepride
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Cape San Blas, FL
Date: 2015-07-08
Location: Cape San Blas, FL
Date: 2015-07-08
Location: Cattail Marsh, Beaumont 
Date: 2019-06-28
Location: Fairfax, VA | August, 2022
Date: 2022-08-14

Date: 2004-08-24
Steven J. Baskauf http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/
Location: Opp, AL
Date: 2014-09-22
Location: Opp, AL
Date: 2014-09-22
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2012-08-16 
Photo taken at Merritt Island Nat'l Wildlife Refuge, Merritt Isla
Location: Montreal Botanical Garden
Date: 2016-07-04
Location: Montreal Botanical Garden
Date: 2016-07-04
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2012-09-25
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2011-08-28
Location: All pictures taken in/on my gardens/greenhouse/property
Date: 2018-02-28

 Photo Courtesy of Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Used with permissi
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Nederland, Jefferson County, Texas
Date: July 10, 2010
Location: Local Native Meadow
Date: 2012-08-27
Meadow full of Partridge Pea

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
Location: central Illinois
Date: 9-11-12
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2012-09-25
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2011-08-28
Comments:
  • Posted by Horntoad (Nederland, Texas - Zone 9a) on Sep 10, 2011 9:46 AM concerning plant:
    Partridge Pea is a larval host for the following butterfies:
    Orange Sulphur (Colias eurytheme)
    Sleepy Orange (Abaeis nicippe)

  • Posted by Cyclaminist (Minneapolis, Minnesota - Zone 5a) on May 3, 2015 7:57 PM concerning plant:
    A lovely native annual. I bought one plant several years ago, and new ones have come up from seed every year since. The leaves are palm-like, the flowers are yellow, and the pods are long and flat. After the seeds ripen, the pods dry up and twist, catapulting the seeds away from the parent plant. The seeds are dark brown and diamond-shaped.

    I highly recommend this plant, if you have a wild (less formal) garden. Both its leaves and flowers are pretty, and it blooms for a long time. It's very beneficial to native insects, because many bees gather pollen from it. It needs to be planted more often.
  • Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on May 3, 2012 2:24 PM concerning plant:
    Honey bees get nectar from this plant.
  • Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Oct 17, 2014 2:22 PM concerning plant:
    A common annual wildflower in Illinois, found in prairies, savannas, fields, roadsides, and disturbed ground. Grows to 2' tall. Alternate leaves divided into approximately 20 pairs of leaflets, which are narrow, maybe an inch long. Flowers are yellow, appx. 1.5 in. across, with 5 petals (3 of which are slightly smaller than the other two). Stamens (10) are quite pronounced, colored yellow to dark red. Blooms June to October.
    Cherokee and settlers used the root for various ailments.
  • Posted by imabirdnut (North Texas - Zone 7b) on Aug 30, 2012 6:43 AM concerning plant:
    Butterfly host plant for
    Ceraunus Blue (Hemiargus ceraunus)
    Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae)
    Sleepy Orange (Abaeis nicippe)
    Little Yellow (Pyrisitia lisa)
Plant Events from our members
MrsBinWY On April 25, 2019 Potted up
8
MrsBinWY On March 27, 2019 Seeds germinated
1
MrsBinWY On March 9, 2019 Seeds sown
chip, soak overnight, C(10), 10 seeds (all) gift from Prairie Moon; back to room temp on 3-20-19
MrsBinWY On April 15, 2017 Potted up
4
MrsBinWY On March 8, 2017 Seeds germinated
MrsBinWY On February 5, 2017 Seeds sown
chipped seeds; 10 days in fridge per Prairie Moon (coffee filter); 12 seeds from EricaBraun
WebTucker On October 7, 2021 Bloomed
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