General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Annual
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Plant Height: 12 to 36 inches
Plant Spread: 12 to 18 inches
Leaves: Other: Blue-green palm-like leaves; leaf stems have nectar glands that attract bees, wasps, flies, and ants
Fruit: Edible to birds
Pops open explosively when ripe
Other: Pod: when ripe, dries up, turns dark brown, and seeds rattle inside; eventually it splits and catapults them out
Fruiting Time: Fall
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Summer
Late summer or early fall
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Erosion control
Will Naturalize
Good as a cover crop
Edible Parts: Fruit
Dynamic Accumulator: Nitrogen fixer
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Other Beneficial Insects: Wasps that eat garden pests, ants
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 10 days
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Other info: self seeds
Pollinators: Bumblebees
Various insects
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil

Looking to buy this? Victory Seed Company sells Partridge Pea (Chamaecrista fasciculata) seeds.

Common names
  • Partridge Pea
  • Showy Partridge-pea
  • Beeflower
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Chamaecrista fasciculata
  • Synonym: Cassia brachiata
  • Synonym: Cassia chamaecrista
  • Synonym: Cassia fasciculata
  • Synonym: Cassia fasciculata var. brachiata
  • Synonym: Cassia fasciculata var. depressa
  • Synonym: Cassia fasciculata var. ferrisiae
  • Synonym: Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata

  • Posted by Horntoad (Nederland, Texas - Zone 9a) on Sep 10, 2011 9:46 AM concerning plant:
    Partridge Pea is a larval host for the following butterfies:
    Orange Sulphur (Colias eurytheme)
    Sleepy Orange (Abaeis nicippe)

  • Posted by Cyclaminist (Minneapolis, Minnesota - Zone 5a) on May 3, 2015 7:57 PM concerning plant:
    A lovely native annual. I bought one plant several years ago, and new ones have come up from seed every year since. The leaves are palm-like, the flowers are yellow, and the pods are long and flat. After the seeds ripen, the pods dry up and twist, catapulting the seeds away from the parent plant. The seeds are dark brown and diamond-shaped.

    I highly recommend this plant, if you have a wild (less formal) garden. Both its leaves and flowers are pretty, and it blooms for a long time. It's very beneficial to native insects, because many bees gather pollen from it. It needs to be planted more often.
  • Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on May 3, 2012 2:24 PM concerning plant:
    Honey bees get nectar from this plant.
  • Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Oct 17, 2014 2:22 PM concerning plant:
    A common annual wildflower in Illinois, found in prairies, savannas, fields, roadsides, and disturbed ground. Grows to 2' tall. Alternate leaves divided into approximately 20 pairs of leaflets, which are narrow, maybe an inch long. Flowers are yellow, appx. 1.5 in. across, with 5 petals (3 of which are slightly smaller than the other two). Stamens (10) are quite pronounced, colored yellow to dark red. Blooms June to October.
    Cherokee and settlers used the root for various ailments.
  • Posted by imabirdnut (North Texas - Zone 7b) on Aug 30, 2012 6:43 AM concerning plant:
    Butterfly host plant for
    Ceraunus Blue (Hemiargus ceraunus)
    Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae)
    Sleepy Orange (Abaeis nicippe)
    Little Yellow (Pyrisitia lisa)
Plant Events from our members
MrsBinWY On April 25, 2019 Potted up
MrsBinWY On March 27, 2019 Seeds germinated
MrsBinWY On March 9, 2019 Seeds sown
chip, soak overnight, C(10), 10 seeds (all) gift from Prairie Moon; back to room temp on 3-20-19
MrsBinWY On April 15, 2017 Potted up
MrsBinWY On March 8, 2017 Seeds germinated
MrsBinWY On February 5, 2017 Seeds sown
chipped seeds; 10 days in fridge per Prairie Moon (coffee filter); 12 seeds from EricaBraun
WebTucker On October 7, 2021 Bloomed
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