General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9a -6.7 °C (20 °F) to -3.9 °C (25 °F)
Plant Height: 6 feet
Plant Spread: 4 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Pink
White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late fall or early winter
Winter
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Houseplant
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Resistances: Fire Resistant
Humidity tolerant
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Roots are poisonous
Fruit is poisonous
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Leaf
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Awards and Recognitions: RHS AGM

Image
Common names
  • Jade Plant
  • Money Plant
  • Lucky Plant
  • Friendship Tree
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Crassula ovata
  • Synonym: Crassula argentea
  • Synonym: Crassula obliqua

Photo Gallery
Location: Lake Jennings campground Southern California 
Date: 2024-01-19
In full bloom and popular with the bees
Location: Baja California
Date: 2019-01-07
Beginning of winter
Location: Lake Jennings campground near El Cahon CA
Date: 2024-01-19
Photo by ketsui73
Location: Baja California
Date: 2014-01-19
Location: My garden in SoCal.
Date: 2019-01-06
Location: Baja California
Date: 2021-05-14
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2022-11-11
Photo by Shade
Location: Baja California
Date: 2017-01-11
Location: San Diego, California     
Date: 2015-01-10
Photo by queen1694
Photo by ketsui73
Location: Baja California
Date: 2022-03-14
After flowering
Location: CA
Date: 4/6/2020
Location: CA
Date: 6/15/2020
Lightly Sun-Stressed.
Photo by SleepyWhippet
Location: Baja California
Date: 2018-05-17
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-01-16
Flower parts in fives
Location: Baja California
Date: 2009-11-02
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2017-02-24
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2017-02-24
Location: My garden
Date: 2018-12-22
Location: Lake Jennings campground 
Date: 2024-01-19
Large 4’x 4’ plants all throughout campground
Location: In our garden - Tracy, CA
Date: 25 Feb 2011
My first time to see our jade plant with flowers
Location: Mandan, ND
Date: 2018-03-31
Location: Baja California
Date: 2011-01-16
Jade and Gollum in day-long sun
Location: Baja California
Date: 2019-02-20
Before and after dehiscence
Location: Baja California
Date: 2018-10-08
Leaf margins are red in strong light

Blooms and bee
Location: Nationale Plantentuin Meise (Botanical Garden near Brussels)
Date: 2023-01-17
Location: Carmel, CA
Date: 2022-01-21
30 year old Jade Plant in Carmel, Calif that bloomed in Jan this
Location: CA
Date: 4/6/2020
Location: Green Spring Gardens, Alexandria, Virginia
Date: 2020-02-26
Jade plant (Crassula ovata). Called Friendship tree, Lucky plant
Location: Laurel, Montana
Date: 2022-02-26
Location: Orangeburg, SC
Date: 2017-04-13
Young Jade Plant
Location: Nationale Plantentuin Meise (Botanical Garden near Brussels)
Location: Nationale Plantentuin Meise (Botanical Garden near Brussels)
Location: Baja California
Date: 2018-12-24
Location: Gent, Belgium
Date: 2012-03-10
Location: San Diego
Date: 2019-11-09
Getting ready to bloom.
Location: Baja California
Date: 2020-05-08
Two mature leaves from the same plant, one in the shade and the o
Location: Baja California
Date: 2017-11-30
Photo by Fieldsof_flowers
Location: Canoga Park, California
Date: 2014-01-21
Photo by queen1694
Location: Botanical Garden of Berlin
Date: 2022-06-08
Label: Crassula ovata 'Obliqua'

Date: 2019-09-05
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2021-09-25
Snipped to propagate.
Location: Port Orange, Florida
Date: 2015-01-10
Location: Middle Tennessee
Date: 2011-10-31
Location: Botanical Garden Berlin
Date: 2017-01-07

Date: 2018-08-04
Location: Stockton, CA
Date: 2014-09-26
One plant with 3 cuttings rooted into 5-1-1 mix
Location: At our garden - Tracy, CA
Date: 2010-04-27
The taller plant is the jade plant.

Date: 2019-06-03
  • Uploaded by jon
Location: Mandan, ND
Date: 2018-03-31
Location: Mandan, ND

Date: 2021-09-19
Location: Gardenfish house
Date: 2020-02-08
Cuttings from my mother plant, now gone.

Date: 2013-02-12
Location: San Diego, California     
Date: 2015-01-10
Photo by sedumzz

Date: 2020-08-09
Photo by sedumzz

Date: 2015-01-22

Date: September 2011

Date: September 7, 2011
Location: At our garden - San Joaquin County, CA
Date: 2013-04-02
Leaf cutting from Jade plant with new growth
Location: At our garden - San Joaquin County, CA
Date: 2014-01-24
Our jade plant this winter - 24Jan2014
Location: My terrace garden, Jamshedpur- India
Date: 2019-01-23
Location: My terrace garden, Jamshedpur- India
Date: 2019-01-23

Date: 2012-07-06
[...my Crassula's leaves.]
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2017-11-16
Crassula ovata - Blue Bird Jade Blossom 001
Location: Cactus Jungle Nursery - Berkeley, CA
Date: 2016-02-13  Winter
A very impressively blooming and tall Crassula ovata
Location: Port Orange, Florida
Date: 2016-10-18
Location: Jersey City, NJ
Date: 2012-11-06
about 6 yr old jade(2012), grown from cutting
Location: Jersey City, NJ
Date: 2013-04-16
sev of my jades grown from cuttings; center: 20 year old, left/ri
Location: Opp, AL
Date: 2016-03-30

Date: 2012-07-04
[...my Jade plant.]
Location: Plymouth Nursery, Plymouth, MI
Date: 2010-10-10
Location: Sunriver Nursery, Orem, Utah
Date: 2011-11-26

Date: 2011-12-22
Roots, stem, leaves
Photo by SleepyWhippet
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2018-04-17
Location: Missouri Botanical Garden (Mobot) in St Louis
Date: 2016-06-18
not the cactus

Date: 2020-06-22
Location: Corvallis, Oregon
Date: Feb 3, 2012
Photo taken at Home Grown Gardens Nursery
Location: g
Date: 2016-05-19

Date: 2018-01-03
Photo by Shade
Photo by Shade
Location: Vander Veer Botanical Gardens - Davenport, Iowa
Date: 7-1-12

Date: 2015-11-03
Location: My home
Date: 2014-08-11
New leaves emerging

Date: 2013-02-12

Date: 2014-04-12
Although this plant can take full sun, sudden exposure without ac

Date: 2015-01-26
rooted cuttings

Date: September 6, 2011
Location: Pacific Northwest, zone 8
Date: Feb 18, 2012
Photo taken at Al's Garden Center, Woodburn, Oregon

Date: 2013-01-16
Location: Barcelona, Spain | April, 2023 
Date: 2023-04-02

Date: 2014-01-24
Location: My terrace garden, Jamshedpur- India
Date: 2019-01-23

Date: 2012-11-06

Date: 2012-07-06
[...young bark close-up.]

Date: 2012-07-06
[...leaves going very red in the sun.]
Location: My terrace garden, Jamshedpur- India
Date: 2019-01-23
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2017-11-16
Crassula ovata - Blue Bird Jade Plant 002

Date: 2015-01-23
Location: San Diego, Ca
Date: 2013-08-16 
Photo taken at Balboa Park, San Diego, Ca
Location: Sausalito, California, United States
Date: 2018-07-28
Location: Sausalito, California, United States
Date: 2018-07-28
Location: Port Orange, Florida
Date: 2012-10-05

Date: 2012-10-19
Photo by hlutzow
Location: Seville, Spain | April, 2023 
Date: 2023-04-05
Location: The Fata Morgana Greenhouse at Prague Botanic Garden
credit: Miloslav Machotka

Date: 2012-07-04
[...my Jade plant.]
Location: In home, San Francisco
Date: 2024-03-15
This Jade plant came from a two leaf cuttinf
Location: Atlanta, Georgia
Date: 2014-06-16
Young Jade Housplant
Location: Atlanta, Georgia
Date: 2014-06-16
Stems of a young Jade plant

Date: 2012-11-12

Date: 2012-11-12

Date: 2012-11-12
Location: Gent, Belgium
Date: 2012-03-10

Date: 2016-11-26

Date: 2016-11-26
Photo by SleepyWhippet

Date: 2012-07-29
[...my beautiful Crassula leaves.]
Location: At our garden - San Joaquin County, CA
Date: 2014-06-06
Trunk of our matured Crassula ovata

Date: 2017-01-09
Photo by sedumzz
Location: Kansas
Date: 2014-06-29
Indoor plant
Location: Botanical garden of Barcelona (Spain)
Location: Middle Tennessee
Date: 9/7/2011
Location: In our garden - San Joaquin County, CA
Date: 2016-02-01 - Winter
Photo update of my Crassula ovata this winter.

Date: March 12, 2013
Location: Las Cruces, NM
Date: Apr 23, 2012
Location: Banff, Canada | August, 2022
Date: 2022-08-07
Location: Green Spring Gardens, Alexandria, Virginia, US
Date: 2020-02-26
Jade plant (Crassula ovata). Called Lucky plant, Money plant and
Location: English Gardens, West Bloomfield, MI
Date: 2010-02-01
Location: English Gardens, West Bloomfield, MI
Date: 2010-02-01
Location: Plymouth Nursery, Plymouth, MI
Date: 2010-10-10
This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
  • Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Nov 8, 2011 9:44 AM concerning plant:
    Jade plant is easy to root from stem cuttings or from stem pieces that have broken off, as well as from the leaves. Allow stem pieces to dry before inserting in rooting medium or succulent soil. With leaves, lay them on top of moist soil until they develop roots and grow plantlets.
  • Posted by tarev (San Joaquin County, CA - Zone 9b) on Sep 10, 2013 9:18 PM concerning plant:
    I grow my Jade plant outdoors all year round. I potted it with cactus soil and added a good amount of perlite to make sure it has good drainage. Typically it gets watered once a week during cool season. Can go longer, just have to feel the soil. But during winter, I just let Mother Nature water it. During summer time, it will appreciate stepped-up watering, maybe twice a week, especially if the weather is very dry and hot like ours. We do not get any rain in summer, so the plant is dependent on my watering during that time. Like most succulents, it can take the cold temps, but not the combination of wet and cold. If the plant is mature enough, it can easily recover when warmer weather returns. If your plant is still very young, best to keep it indoors during winter.
  • Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Sep 19, 2011 7:51 PM concerning plant:
    Jade plant, a popular houseplant, is an evergreen succulent with thick branches and smooth rounded leaves that will attain red edges when grown in high light. New stem growth is green, turning to brown as the plant ages. The plant produces small pink or white blooms in early spring when grown well.
  • Posted by Deebie (midstate South Carolina - Zone 8a) on Sep 19, 2018 4:52 PM concerning plant:
    Grow Jade tree (crassula ovata) in a bright location, and pot in standard houseplant soil. Keep the soil somewhat dry all year. Interestingly, more plants can be be easily obtained by propagating from leaf cuttings.
  • Posted by Baja_Costero (Baja California - Zone 11b) on Mar 15, 2022 1:35 PM concerning plant:
    Large, common shrub from South Africa with succulent stems and leaves, and abundant white or pinkish flowers in winter. Extremely common and durable in cultivation. Leaves develop attractive red marginal highlights in strong light, and this color may be generally viewed as a sign of sufficient light. Provide good drainage, though this particular succulent tends to be more tolerant than average of wet feet. An ideal beginner's succulent for a bright, mild location.

    The jade does very well in containers and can be kept long term as a house plant, provided it receives a lot of light (it should see the sun for hours a day year round) and gets good air flow. Low light conditions promote stretched, weak, stemmy growth that will inevitably collapse under the weight of the succulence on top of it, given time. The only solution in this case is to remove the stretched growth and provide more light to the parts that remain. There are plenty of stretched plants in the photos above, as well as a few growing in the sun to compare.

    Strong light is also very important for flowering (indoor plants will not flower if they don't get enough, outdoor plants in the shade may not flower), as is short day length.

    Jades can be pruned radically and will come back from a nub, if they're in good shape to start with. These plants can be shaped in a variety of ways, including bonsai, and are incredibly easy to start from cuttings. Jade bonsais in small pots with extra chunky stems are usually started from wide-stemmed cuttings of plants previously growing in large pots or the ground. Limiting root space will result in less branching with very short internodes (leaves spaced very close along the stem) and shorter stems, especially so in small pots and in full sun.

    As a landscape plant the common jade will grow to about 4-5 feet tall (sometimes more) and nearly as wide. It is incredibly drought tolerant--a zero irrigation plant in our climate with 4-10 inches of annual rainfall, none occurring in summer. It does not tolerate extreme heat, especially when it does not cool down at night, and it is also sensitive to frost.

    A number of named varieties and cultivars of Crassula ovata exist in cultivation. Among the most common is the monstrose 'Gollum', with suction cup-like tips on its leaves. It may be confused with 'Hobbit' and 'Ogre Ears'. Other cultivars differ in their coloration (including variegation) and size.
  • Posted by critterologist (Frederick, MD - Zone 6b) on May 19, 2016 9:41 AM concerning plant:
    I don't do well with Jade Plants -- too little water, they drop their leaves; too much water, they drop their leaves. When I've had one, it's usually been bald.. On the other hand, Reynolda Gardens (in Winston-Salem NC) has a huge one in their greenhouse, easily 4 feet tall with a main trunk that's over 2 inches in diameter.
  • Posted by Irrelephant (Arkansas - Zone 8a) on Sep 29, 2012 10:57 PM concerning plant:
    Don't grow in soil, this mix is half turface MVP and half perlite. The grittier the better for this plant.
Plant Events from our members
skylark On September 13, 2021 Miscellaneous Event
cut off the huge trunk with roots beneath paper/saran wrap: cont in plastic over moist coco-chips , roots are extending.
skylark On July 1, 2021 Cuttings stuck
moist paper /plastic wrapped huge trunk to generate roots underneath : worked.
vbprog On April 3, 2015 Obtained plant
from my plant buddy RG
BlondieRides On May 20, 2015 Miscellaneous Event
Watered it.
BlondieRides On March 19, 2015 Bloomed
Doing well in side yard. No blooms in backyard under the Umbrella. Too much shade?
lovesblooms On May 9, 2015 Obtained plant
2x, potted up
AndreA33 On December 25, 2004 Obtained plant
Cuttings taken in Los Angeles
LizDTM On March 13, 2017 Potted up
LizDTM On March 13, 2017 Obtained plant
wilmarosebud On July 25, 2018 Obtained plant
Received cuttings from a friend today. Will wait a couple of days to place into potting mixture.
hlutzow On May 7, 2020 Obtained plant
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Identify by Eclara Nov 17, 2015 9:39 AM 1
Crassula ovata by valleylynn Mar 21, 2020 11:50 AM 9
Regular Crassula ovata, not "Hobbit" by Baja_Costero Jun 15, 2020 4:34 PM 4
Crassula ovata by Aeonium2003 Apr 28, 2022 7:35 PM 3
Yellow pot by GigiAdeniumPlumeria Mar 17, 2024 8:49 AM 2

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