PlantsAesculus→Bottlebrush Buckeye (Aesculus parviflora)

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 8-12 feet
Plant Spread: 8-15 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Other: Foliage turns yellow in autumn.
Fruit: Showy
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Showy
Blooms on old wood
Flower Color: Other: White with red anthers and pinkish filaments
Flower Time: Summer
Uses: Erosion control
Water gardens
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Other: Seeds and foliage of Aesculus species are poisonous to humans if eaten. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size.
Propagation: Seeds: Seeds are hydrophilic
Pollinators: Bees
Miscellaneous: Monoecious

Aesculus parviflora - Young leaves.  Check out the red twigs and

The Top 25 Water Garden Plants, Selected by ATP MembersThe Top 25 Water Garden Plants, Selected by ATP Members
By dave on March 15, 2014

Here's a report of the most popular water garden plants from our database!

(Full article14 comments)
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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 13, 2018 12:37 PM

The Bottlebrush Buckeye was found in the 1800's to have a small native range in about half of Alabama with edges into Georgia and northwest Florida, growing in wet mesic to dry mesic lowlands or uplands in or around woods. Its large palmate leaves have 5 to 7 leaflets that turn a good yellow to yellow-orange autumn color. The large, erect, candle-like, white flower spikes are about 6 to 12 inches long and have a slightly perfumed scent. It has handsome stout smooth gray to gray brown twigs and branches that are like the Pagoda Dogwood in an arrangement of a wishbone and roller coaster pattern, looking good in winter. It is slow growing of about 1 foot/year. It has a fibrous but deep descending root system, so it is difficult to transplant. It is an expensive plant that is not well-known by the general public so I infrequently see it at arboretums, estates, parks, and professional landscapes, and furthermore, it needs lots of room to fully spread out which is 12 to 20 feet. It is sold at larger, diverse nurseries and native plant nurseries. It is an excellent, high quality, clean, neat shrub.

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Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Jan 14, 2012 9:54 AM

Bottlebrush Buckeye is a large suckering shrub native to moist woodlands of the southeastern coastal plain. In cultivation, given average to moist soil and full sun to part shade, Bottlebrush Buckeye forms a handsome dense suckering shrub colony approximately 10 feet by 10 feet. The flower display is outstanding and fall color is often a good yellow. Give this shrub plenty of room as a specimen planting or locate it at a moist wood's edge. When grown in more shade, it will tend to be open and wispy with much less flowering (but still attractive). (Sunlight Gardens)

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Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on May 8, 2012 6:03 PM

Honey bees get nectar and pollen from this plant.

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Posted by sallyg (central Maryland) on Dec 12, 2018 12:21 AM

Bottlebrush buckeye grows well in my zone 7 garden in sandy loam soil. It is a large-scale specimen, needing to spread its branches to show off the big compound leaves and long bloom spikes. It has made several low branches that can be rooted by weighting with a brick. As for the 'showy' fruit, the developing nuts are novel, rather than 'pretty,' the ripe nuts, while not edible for humans, are pretty.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Scarlet Buckeye Blight by kyleevee May 3, 2020 9:34 AM 1
What is the name of this tree? by lasa416 Apr 30, 2020 11:52 AM 6
Large Flowering/Evergreen Bushes to Edge Property by Izroion Mar 12, 2020 6:49 PM 5
Have White Flowering Bottlebrush Buckeye Bush Drupes by frankielynn Oct 1, 2018 3:33 PM 3
Ohio Buckeye tree nut formation (Aesculus glabra) by purpleinopp Oct 6, 2018 9:41 AM 4
Help identify this fruit/tree? by hwd84888 Sep 4, 2017 8:17 PM 2
Shrubs for shade by Freedombelle Sep 7, 2017 1:27 PM 23
Good sources for perennials by SongofJoy Nov 17, 2013 7:31 PM 419

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