General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 8-12 feet
Plant Spread: 8-15 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Deciduous
Other: Foliage turns yellow in autumn.
Fruit: Showy
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Showy
Blooms on old wood
Flower Color: Other: White with red anthers and pinkish filaments
Flower Time: Summer
Uses: Erosion control
Water gardens
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Butterflies
Hummingbirds
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Other: Seeds and foliage of Aesculus species are poisonous to humans if eaten. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size.
Propagation: Seeds: Seeds are hydrophilic
Pollinators: Bees
Miscellaneous: Monoecious
Awards and Recognitions: RHS AGM

Image
Common names
  • Bottlebrush Buckeye

Photo Gallery
Location: Stanley Park, Vancouver, BC
Date: 08/04/2010
photo by Wendy Cutler via Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/photos/w
Location: Nichols Arboretum, Ann Arbor
Date: 2012-04-17
Aesculus parviflora - Young leaves.  Check out the red twigs and
Location: Elizabeth Lawrence Garden at Wing Haven, Charlotte, NC
Date: 2022-06-23
Location: Elizabeth Lawrence Garden at Wing Haven, Charlotte, NC
Date: 2022-06-23

Photo courtesy of Camellia Forest Nursery
Location: St Louis
Date: 2008-07-26
Location: St Louis
Date: 2015-07-11
Location: Elizabeth Lawrence Garden at Wing Haven, Charlotte, NC
Date: 2022-06-23
Location: Eigen tuin
Date: 2022-03-23
Location: an Oklahoma City garden
Date: 2024-03-22
Early spring growth on Bottlebrush Buckeye
Location: on my patio
Date: 06-13-2020
Bottlebrush Buckeye (Aesculus parviflora)
Location: my front yard just north of Atlanta GA.  Full sun, southwestern exposure, just a smidge of shade from a sweetgum nearby
Date: 2013-05-31
This is what bottlebrush flowers look like before they're actuall
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2014-07-06
Back Gardens
Location: on my patio
Date: 06-13-2020
Bottlebrush Buckeye (Aesculus parviflora)
Location: my front yard just north of Atlanta GA.  Full sun, southwestern exposure, just a smidge of shade from a sweetgum nearby
Date: 2013-05-31
Got th is as a 1-gallon plant in fall 2010.

Date: 2015-07-04

Date: 2015-07-04
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2019-06-02
Aesculus parviflora - Bottlebrush Buckeye 002 text
Location: Botanical Garden of the Technical University Delft
Date: 2019-04-15
Location: Clinton, Michigan 49236
Date: 2017-10-28
Aesculus parviflora, 2017, [Bottlebrush Buckeye], ESS-kew-luss pa
Location: Clinton, Michigan 49236
Date: 2017-10-28
Aesculus parviflora, 2017, [Bottlebrush Buckeye], ESS-kew-luss pa
Location: Botanical Garden Berlin
Date: 2017-10-20
Location: Morton Arboretum in Lisle, Illinois
Date: winter in 1980's
shrub in winter
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2009-02-05
Location: English Gardens, West Bloomfield, MI
Date: 2012-09-11
Location: English Gardens, West Bloomfield, MI
Date: 2013-08-01
Location: an Oklahoma City garden
Date: 2024-03-22
Early spring growth on Bottlebrush Buckeye
Location: on my patio
Date: 06-13-2020
Bottlebrush Buckeye (Aesculus parviflora)
Location: on my patio
Date: 06-13-2020
Bottlebrush Buckeye (Aesculus parviflora)
Location: My garden in Ontario, Canada
Date: 2022-08-02
Flower of A. p. var. serotina - starts blooming 3 weeks after the
Location: Clinton, Michigan 49236
Date: 2017-10-28
Aesculus parviflora, 2017, [Bottlebrush Buckeye], ESS-kew-luss pa
Location: Cantigny Gardens in Wheaton, Illinois
Date: July in 1980's
shrubs in bloom
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2011-08-24
the capsules (husks) over the buckeye seeds
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, Pennsylvania
Date: 2014-10-26
shrub in autumn color, not quite fully
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, Pennsylvania
Date: 2012-10-21
autumn foliage
Location: Den Botaniek - Antwerpen - Belgium
Date: 2016-04-21
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2014-07-06
Back Gardens
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2014-07-06
Back Gardens
Location: English Gardens, West Bloomfield, MI
Date: 2012-09-11
Location: English Gardens, West Bloomfield, MI
Date: 2012-05-10
Location: on my patio
Date: 06-13-2020
Bottlebrush Buckeye (Aesculus parviflora)
Location: Cambridge University Botanic Garden
Date: July
credit: Magnus Manske
Location: Middle Tennessee
Date: 2014-05-14
Location: Clinton, Michigan 49236
Date: 2017-10-28
Aesculus parviflora, 2017, [Bottlebrush Buckeye], ESS-kew-luss pa
Location: St Louis
Date: 2004-10-23
Location: Just off my front porch
Date: 2021-04-01
Aesculus parviflora [Bottlebrush Buckeye] composite
Location: Missouri Botanical Garden (Mobot) in St Louis
Date: 2016-06-18
Location: Missouri Botanical Garden (Mobot) in St Louis
Date: 2016-06-18
Location: Morton Arboretum in Lisle, Illinois
Date: summer in 1980's
shrubs at building corner
Location: Morton Arboretum in Lisle, Illinois
Date: summer in 1980's
shrub in summer
Location: Cantigny Gardens in Wheaton, Illinois
Date: July in 1980's
close-up of flower spike
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2010-06-23
shrubs in bloom
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, Pennsylvania
Date: 2012-10-21
shrub in autumn color
Location: an Oklahoma City garden
Date: 2024-03-22
Early spring growth on Bottlebrush Buckeye
Location: Cambridge University Botanic Garden
Date: July
credit: Magnus Manske
Location: in my front yard north of Atlanta GA.  partial shade location.
Date: 2013-04-09
spring buds

Date: 2012-04-14
A young plant
Location: Lucketts, Loudoun County, Virginia
Date: 2015-07-25
Location: Clinton, Michigan 49236
Date: 2017-10-28
Aesculus parviflora, 2017, [Bottlebrush Buckeye], ESS-kew-luss pa
Location: Clinton, Michigan 49236
Date: 2017-10-28
Aesculus parviflora, 2017, [Bottlebrush Buckeye], ESS-kew-luss pa
Location: Tennessee
photo courtesy of Sunlight Gardens, www.sunlightgardens.com
Location: Botanical Garden Copenhagen
Date: 2016-11-19
Location: St Louis
Date: 2016-07-12
Location: Tennessee
Date: 2013-07-03
Mostly sunny location with some morning shade
Location: Missouri Botanical Garden (Mobot) in St Louis
Date: 2016-06-18
Location: Missouri Botanical Garden (Mobot) in St Louis
Date: 2016-06-18
Location: Missouri Botanical Garden (Mobot) in St Louis
Date: 2016-06-18
Location: Missouri Botanical Garden (Mobot) in St Louis
Date: 2016-06-18
This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 13, 2018 12:37 PM concerning plant:
    The Bottlebrush Buckeye was found in the 1800's to have a small native range in about half of Alabama with edges into Georgia and northwest Florida, growing in wet mesic to dry mesic lowlands or uplands in or around woods. Its large palmate leaves have 5 to 7 leaflets that turn a good yellow to yellow-orange autumn color. The large, erect, candle-like, white flower spikes are about 6 to 12 inches long and have a slightly perfumed scent. It has handsome stout smooth gray to gray brown twigs and branches that are like the Pagoda Dogwood in an arrangement of a wishbone and roller coaster pattern, looking good in winter. It is slow growing of about 1 foot/year. It has a fibrous but deep descending root system, so it is difficult to transplant. It is an expensive plant that is not well-known by the general public so I infrequently see it at arboretums, estates, parks, and professional landscapes, and furthermore, it needs lots of room to fully spread out which is 12 to 20 feet. It is sold at larger, diverse nurseries and native plant nurseries. It is an excellent, high quality, clean, neat shrub.
  • Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on May 8, 2012 6:03 PM concerning plant:
    Honey bees get nectar and pollen from this plant.
  • Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Jan 14, 2012 9:54 AM concerning plant:
    Bottlebrush Buckeye is a large suckering shrub native to moist woodlands of the southeastern coastal plain. In cultivation, given average to moist soil and full sun to part shade, Bottlebrush Buckeye forms a handsome dense suckering shrub colony approximately 10 feet by 10 feet. The flower display is outstanding and fall color is often a good yellow. Give this shrub plenty of room as a specimen planting or locate it at a moist wood's edge. When grown in more shade, it will tend to be open and wispy with much less flowering (but still attractive). (Sunlight Gardens)
  • Posted by sallyg (central Maryland - Zone 7b) on Dec 12, 2018 12:21 AM concerning plant:
    Bottlebrush buckeye grows well in my zone 7 garden in sandy loam soil. It is a large-scale specimen, needing to spread its branches to show off the big compound leaves and long bloom spikes. It has made several low branches that can be rooted by weighting with a brick. As for the 'showy' fruit, the developing nuts are novel, rather than 'pretty,' the ripe nuts, while not edible for humans, are pretty.

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