PlantsAesculus→Red Buckeye (Aesculus pavia)

Common names:
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Give a thumbs up Scarlet Buckeye
Give a thumbs up Firecracker Plant

Botanical names:
Aesculus pavia Accepted
Aesculus pavia var. pavia Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 12-15 feet (irregular rounded crown)
Plant Spread: 12-15 feet
Leaves: Deciduous
Other: Palmately compound, shiny, dark green leaves are attractive in spring and early summer, but usually begin to decline by August. Fall foliage color is unremarkable. Best grown with some afternoon shade.
Fruit: Showy
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Red
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Flowering Tree
Water gardens
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Toxicity: Fruit is poisonous
Other: Fruit are the buckeyes and seeds
Propagation: Seeds: Other info: Seeds are poisonous and are avoided by most wildlife.
Pollinators: Bees
Miscellaneous: Monoecious

I love this tree.

Wildflowers Attract Pollinators to Your GardensWildflowers Attract Pollinators to Your Gardens
By wildflowers on August 18, 2013

Do you want to attract bees, butterflies, and/or hummingbirds to your garden? The best way to lure pollinators into your garden is to plant things they love. Pollinators love wildflowers. These are a few of my favorites that are loved by pollinators and are easy to grow.

(Full article15 comments)
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Posted by Amazindirt (mid-TN - Zone 7a) on May 24, 2017 9:01 PM

Red buckeye will often go dormant long before most trees, so don't be alarmed if your tree drops its leaves in what seems like the middle of the summer. It will come back next spring just fine!

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 13, 2018 11:58 AM

The Red Buckeye grows in the wild in wet mesic to dry mesic sites at swamp margins, streamsides, low rich woods, or upland sites in or near woods in a range from coastal North & South Carolina into the north half of Florida, the southern half of Georgia, almost all of Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkansas, east & south central Texas, southeast Missouri and southern Illinois. It has palmate leaves with 5 leaflets that only turn yellow-green in autumn. It grows about 1 foot/year. It has a fibrous, but deep descending root system, so it is difficult to transplant. It is sold by large, diverse nurseries in the South, the Mid-Atlantic, the Northeast, and the Midwest and by native plant nurseries. Red Buckeye is a neat, clean, interesting, and beautiful large shrub to small tree. I first saw a small tree form at Cantigny War Museum & Gardens in Wheaton, IL in the early 1980's. It is sort of expensive to buy and not well-known by the general public, so I see it at some estates or professional landscapes.

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Posted by chuck7701 (McKinney, TX (DFW) - Zone 8a) on Mar 22, 2015 9:03 AM

Easy to grow. Plant fresh seeds immediately for best results. Seeds may or may not last long in storage. Difficult to transplant once in ground. Very long tap root is easily broken when digging. Sow in pots for later transplanting, or plant seed(s) where long-term growth is desired and thin later.

Makes a very nice accent plant/small tree in sun or semi shade.

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Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on Apr 22, 2012 7:13 PM

Honey bees get nectar and pollen from this plant.

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Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Dec 2, 2013 5:49 PM

Leaves fall early in the fall with little color. This species normally occurs in light shade, but can be planted in a sunny location with good soil moisture.

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Plant Events from our members
dorothythomas98 From April 1, 2014 to April 30, 2014 Bloomed
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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Buckeye leaf color by arctangent Jan 11, 2020 9:20 PM 1
What is this pretty bush? by piksihk Apr 28, 2021 9:43 PM 2
Clarification needed for taxonomy of red horse chestnut. by arctangent Nov 19, 2020 3:40 PM 3
Scarlet Buckeye Blight by kyleevee May 3, 2020 9:34 AM 1
Opinions on Temple of Bloom Tree, for south MO, need small tree by Frillylily Oct 9, 2019 5:35 PM 2
Anyone know what these are called? by Allastras Sep 10, 2019 3:13 PM 5
Best perennials for hummingbirds by Rcfjane May 28, 2019 10:06 PM 12
Ground cover under large oak trees by D2TX Apr 24, 2019 8:54 AM 13
Ohio Buckeye tree nut formation (Aesculus glabra) by purpleinopp Oct 6, 2018 9:41 AM 4
Aesculus pavia Atrosanguinea by quercusnut May 20, 2018 11:26 PM 4
recalcitrant and semi-recalcitrant* seeds by Leftwood Dec 3, 2019 6:57 AM 19

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