Red Buckeye (Aesculus pavia)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Red Buckeye
Give a thumbs up Scarlet Buckeye
Give a thumbs up Firecracker Plant

Botanical names:
Aesculus pavia Accepted
Aesculus pavia var. pavia Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 12-15 feet (irregular rounded crown)
Plant Spread: 12-15 feet
Leaves: Deciduous
Other: Palmately compound, shiny, dark green leaves are attractive in spring and early summer, but usually begin to decline by August. Fall foliage color is unremarkable. Best grown with some afternoon shade.
Fruit: Showy
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Red
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Summer
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Flowering Tree
Water gardens
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Hummingbirds
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Toxicity: Fruit is poisonous
Other: Fruit are the buckeyes and seeds
Propagation: Seeds: Other info: Seeds are poisonous and are avoided by most wildlife.
Pollinators: Bees
Miscellaneous: Monoecious

I love this tree.

Wildflowers Attract Pollinators to Your GardensWildflowers Attract Pollinators to Your Gardens
August 18, 2013

Do you want to attract bees, butterflies, and/or hummingbirds to your garden? The best way to lure pollinators into your garden is to plant things they love. Pollinators love wildflowers. These are a few of my favorites that are loved by pollinators and are easy to grow.

(Full article15 comments)
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Photo gallery:
Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.Date: 2005-05-03I love this tree.
By frostweed
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Location: West Chester, PennsylvaniaDate: 2013-09-23the buckeye seeds
By ILPARW
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Location: West Chester, PennsylvaniaDate: 2013-09-30the capsules with buckeye seed inside
By ILPARW
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Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.Date: Spring 2010Close up of the lovely flowers.
By frostweed
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Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.Date: 2004-04-15Butterflies love to nectar on this flower.
By frostweed
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Location: my front yard just north of Atlanta GA.  Full sun, southwestern exposureDate: 2013-04-08I've had this young plant for maybe 4 years now. The first year,
By fiwit
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Location: Cylburn Arboretum, Baltimore, MDDate: 2014-04-13
By typwc
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Location: Cylburn Arboretum, Baltimore, MDDate: 2014-04-14
By typwc
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Location: ILDate: 2013-05-07Grown from bareroot.
By molanic
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Location: ILDate: 2016-04-19Leaf buds
By molanic
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Location: West Chester, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-05-22maturing shrub in bloom
By ILPARW
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Location: West Chester, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-05-07red flower cluster
By ILPARW
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Location: my front yard just north of Atlanta GA.  Full sun, southwestern exposureDate: 2013-04-09
By fiwit
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Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
By admin
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Location: MississippiDate: 2013-03-28
By kchd
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Location: Haverford, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-04-22shrubs in bloom with young foliage
By ILPARW
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Location: Haverford, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-04-22shrub in bloom, earlier than normal
By ILPARW
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Comments:
Posted by Amazindirt (mid-TN - Zone 7a) on May 24, 2017 9:01 PM

Red buckeye will often go dormant long before most trees, so don't be alarmed if your tree drops its leaves in what seems like the middle of the summer. It will come back next spring just fine!

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 13, 2018 11:58 AM

The Red Buckeye grows in the wild in wet mesic to dry mesic sites at swamp margins, streamsides, low rich woods, or upland sites in or near woods in a range from coastal North & South Carolina into the north half of Florida, the southern half of Georgia, almost all of Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkansas, east & south central Texas, southeast Missouri and southern Illinois. It has palmate leaves with 5 leaflets that only turn yellow-green in autumn. It grows about 1 foot/year. It has a fibrous, but deep descending root system, so it is difficult to transplant. It is sold by large, diverse nurseries in the South, the Mid-Atlantic, the Northeast, and the Midwest and by native plant nurseries. Red Buckeye is a neat, clean, interesting, and beautiful large shrub to small tree. I first saw a small tree form at Cantigny War Museum & Gardens in Wheaton, IL in the early 1980's. It is sort of expensive to buy and not well-known by the general public, so I see it at some estates or professional landscapes.

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Posted by chuck7701 (McKinney, TX (DFW) - Zone 8a) on Mar 22, 2015 9:03 AM

Easy to grow. Plant fresh seeds immediately for best results. Seeds may or may not last long in storage. Difficult to transplant once in ground. Very long tap root is easily broken when digging. Sow in pots for later transplanting, or plant seed(s) where long-term growth is desired and thin later.

Makes a very nice accent plant/small tree in sun or semi shade.

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Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on Apr 22, 2012 7:13 PM

Honey bees get nectar and pollen from this plant.

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Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Dec 2, 2013 5:49 PM

Leaves fall early in the fall with little color. This species normally occurs in light shade, but can be planted in a sunny location with good soil moisture.

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Plant Events from our members
dorothythomas98 From April 1, 2014 to April 30, 2014 Bloomed
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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Aesculus pavia Atrosanguinea by quercusnut May 20, 2018 11:26 PM 4
recalcitrant and semi-recalcitrant* seeds by Leftwood Feb 19, 2018 7:13 PM 0
Weed identification by Pjwillis88 May 14, 2017 3:41 PM 3
Wall training trees by Overgrown_suncity Feb 24, 2018 10:25 AM 3
I Need Help Indentifying This Plant - FL by ADubin May 17, 2016 6:46 AM 5
Interesting plant by Junker1004 May 20, 2016 1:20 PM 280
Need help with this seed identification by AliceMouse Jun 23, 2016 7:56 AM 6
Southeast Month in Bloom - April/May 2016 by Danita Jun 4, 2016 4:12 PM 72
Many Thanks to All who contributed to Wildflower Week. by frostweed Aug 24, 2013 1:41 AM 9
Salt tolerant plants by eclayne Feb 8, 2013 9:39 PM 130

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