The Main Plant entry for Garlic (Allium sativum)

This database entry exists to show plant data and photos that apply generically to all Garlic.

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Underground structures: Bulb
Uses: Culinary Herb
Medicinal Herb
Suitable as Annual
Dynamic Accumulator: K (Potassium)
Ca (Calcium)
S (Sulfur)
Mn (Manganese)
Na (Sodium)
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Propagation: Other methods: Bulbs
Pollinators: Bees
Various insects

Common names
  • Garlic

Photo Gallery
Location: NYBG 
Date: June 14 22
Location: Home
Date: 2016-07-13
Location: Heathcote Ontario
Date: 1997-09-05
Allium sativum an acre of planted garlic
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2014-10-26
Location: SE Michigan
Date: 2017-07-22
The buds are emergi g and the papry husks look like bird's bills!
Location: Paradise, Utah
Date: 2012-08-04
Garlic Flower with bulbils removed.

Date: 2012-11-19
Location: Gent, Belgium
Date: 2012-03-03
Bought in the supermarket.
Location: SE Michigan
Date: 2017-07-16
When it was a gnome...
Location: Imperial valley, CA 
Date: 2024-05-15

Credit florum

Credit florum

Credit florum

Credit florum
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-10-26
Location: Copenhagen Botanical Garden, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Location: central Illinois
Date: 6-9-06
Location: Heathcote Ontario Canada
Date: 1997-15-07
Allium sativum flower
Location: Heathcote Ontario Canada
Date: 1997-11-08
Allium sativum  bulbils

Date: Late Fall
True (Pollinated) garlic seeds

Date: 2012-12-27

Date: 2015-05-26

photo credit: H. Zell
Location: West Valley City, UT

Date: 2013-07-22
Uploaded by Paul2032

Date: 2014-03-07

Date: 2013-08-09
This plant is tagged in:

  • Posted by joseph on Jan 15, 2013 3:07 PM concerning plant:
    Garlic plants will occasionally produce pollinated seeds, especially if the bulbils are removed from the flower head. The purple stripe and marbled purple stripe groups are the most likely to produce seeds.
  • Posted by OldGardener (So Cal - Zone 10b) on Aug 15, 2014 2:59 PM concerning plant:
    It has been estimated that 5% of the artichoke-type garlics may have "neck bulbils" (smaller cloves about the stem of the garlic) in addition to the main head.
  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on May 20, 2013 4:31 AM concerning plant:
    "Garlic is widely used around the world for its pungent flavor as a seasoning or condiment.

    The garlic plant's bulb is the most commonly used part of the plant. With the exception of the single clove types, garlic bulbs are normally divided into numerous fleshy sections called cloves. Garlic cloves are used for consumption (raw or cooked) or for medicinal purposes. They have a characteristic pungent, spicy flavor that mellows and sweetens considerably with cooking.

    Garlic is claimed to help prevent heart disease (including atherosclerosis, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure) and cancer."

    Taken from wikipedia's page at:

Plant Events from our members
vbprog On July 11, 2015 Harvested
vbprog From November 17, 2014 to November 24, 2014 Plant emerged
Tops up a couple inches.
vbprog On October 18, 2014 Seeds sown
Hardneck from dad. He has been replanting the same cultivar for years. Not sure what it is but I've been eating it for years
chelle On July 6, 2015 Harvested
Plants grew scapes (which I'd removed a few weeks prior), so these are an unknown hardneck variety.
chelle On October 30, 2014 Transplanted
(6) Veggie patch, N side, E end to center.
chelle On October 27, 2014 Transplanted
(5) E end center, veggie patch.
Pegleg84 On March 12, 2016 Plant emerged
Pegleg84 On November 7, 2015 Seeds sown
apx 15 cloves in garden, well mulched
LizDTM On September 30, 2017 Plant emerged
LizDTM On September 23, 2017 Transplanted
NikkiGerena On June 8, 2017 Maintenance performed
Cut down to 4"
NikkiGerena On May 14, 2017 Plant emerged
NikkiGerena On May 8, 2017 Transplanted
AndreA33 On October 15, 2019 Seeds sown
Ail blanc et violet
dnrevel On October 12, 2023 Seeds sown
Garlic bulbs from Zak planted
dnrevel On October 12, 2023 Seeds sown
Planted 12 new garlic bulbs (hardneck?) from Dragonwood Farm, Clinton, Michigan

In west row where grown before
dnrevel On June 20, 2023 Fruit Ripened
Garlic scapes happening - photo at Johnson June 20, 2023
Made garlic scape pesto
dnrevel On April 15, 2023 Plant emerged
Garlic growing, Garlic Scapes in mid June.
dnrevel On October 19, 2021 Seeds sown
Seed garlic (fresh) planted at CSS Project Grow. Bulb of bulblets from Coleman's Farm Market.
antsinmypants On May 21, 2024 Seeds sown
Tiny bulbils from DraDiana 2024. Sown into Garden Two.
antsinmypants On May 24, 2022 Transplanted
Into Garden Two
Retro67 On April 19, 2024 Plant emerged
Garlic sprouting in hugels and staple food garden
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Information about this variety by bonitin Mar 4, 2012 10:23 AM 19

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