Juneberry (Amelanchier canadensis)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Juneberry
Give a thumbs up Saskatoon Blueberry
Give a thumbs up Canadian Serviceberry
Give a thumbs up Downy Serviceberry
Give a thumbs up Fernald’s Shadbush
Give a thumbs up Canadian Service-Berry
Give a thumbs up Shadblow Serviceberry

Botanical names:
Amelanchier canadensis Accepted
Amelanchier fernaldii Synonym
Pyrus canadensis Synonym
Crataegus spicata Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 25-30ft
Plant Spread: 15-20ft
Leaves: Good fall color
Deciduous
Other: Finely toothed, elliptic, medium to dark green leaves (1-3" long) change to orange-red in autumn.
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Other: Edible berries resemble blueberries in size and color and are used in jams, jellies and pies.
Flowers: Showy
Other: Slightly fragrant
Flower Color: White
Flower Time: Spring
Uses: Flowering Tree
Edible Parts: Fruit
Eating Methods: Raw
Cooked
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Bees

huge, old trees; never seen them that big, but labeled

Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Nov 15, 2017 8:06 PM

Back in the 1970's the landscape designers discovered how wonderful serviceberry trees were and bought up the nursery stock of this Shadblow Serviceberry and the Alleghany Serviceberry, which were only sold as the straight species back then. The Shadblow usually has more stems and more slender ones than the other tree species, giving a little finer texture. This species is still popular with landscape architects and designers. The average gardening public does not buy lots of Serviceberry trees of any species, too bad. Serviceberry is so awesome with its smooth gray bark, cleaness, neatness, handsome buds, pretty foliage, good fall color, and delicious berries, loved by people and birds. They taste sort of like cherry.

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Posted by gardengus (Indiana Zone 5b) on Jun 3, 2013 7:11 PM

A bush that everyone should consider. The berries are tasty just off the bush and birds love them too. I dry the berries and use them instead of currents in scones and also add them to granola.
I was introduced to this bush as a child and knew it as Indian-berry because it was highly prized and collected by the native Americans.
The bush has a very nice white flower early in the spring and often flowers with the red bud tree (look great planted together).

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Posted by Catmint20906 (Maryland - Zone 7a) on Aug 8, 2014 2:18 PM

Amelanchier canadensis is a larval host plant for the Striped Hairstreak and the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterflies.

According to NPIN, this plant has special value to native bees and supports conservation biological control by attracting beneficial insects to the garden.

Amelanchier canadensis (Serviceberry) is also an important wildlife plant, with fruit and edible leaves that attract birds and other wildlife.

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Posted by mellielong (Lutz, Florida - Zone 9b) on Apr 10, 2015 3:25 PM

According to "How to Know the Wildflowers" (1922) by Mrs. William Starr Dana, the names for this shrub come from different sources. "Shad-bush" is because of it flowering at the season when the shad "run". "June-berry" because the fruit appears at the beginning of summer, and "Service-berry" because of the use made by the Indians. According to the book, the Indians gathered the fruit in great quantities, and after much crushing and pounding, made it into a sort of cake.

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Plant Events from our members
gardengus From June 1, 2014 to June 17, 2014 Fruit Ripened
gardengus On April 18, 2014 Bloomed
jerseyridgearts On April 30, 2014 Plant emerged
have 4; 2 in back yard died to the ground this year - suckers emerging
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
No one knows what this tree is... by thingfishs Jan 10, 2020 5:32 PM 8
Shrub or Perennial for Shade by claired May 30, 2018 5:56 PM 1
Tree Identification help by DieselVB Mar 3, 2018 8:27 PM 14
Sowerberry trees? Sour-berry trees?. by sashaapalmer Apr 14, 2017 10:51 AM 18
Garden Chat and Photos by Catmint20906 Jan 2, 2016 11:47 AM 3,043
Salt tolerant plants by eclayne Feb 8, 2013 9:39 PM 130

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