The Main Plant entry for Dills (Anethum graveolens)

This database entry exists to show plant data and photos that apply generically to all Dills.

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Annual
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Leaves: Fragrant
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Summer
Late summer or early fall
Fall
Uses: Culinary Herb
Medicinal Herb
Cut Flower
Edible Parts: Leaves
Seeds or Nuts
Eating Methods: Raw
Cooked
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Depth to plant seed: cover the seeds thin
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Other info: doesn't like transplanting
Pollinators: Bees

#Pollination

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Comments:
Posted by wildflowers (North East Texas - Zone 7b) on Jan 12, 2015 1:05 PM

Dill seed is often direct sown in early spring although I like sowing dill in the early fall and overwintering it outdoors (with a little leaf matter for protection). It's a cool-weather plant, and here in Texas it will bolt when the weather warms up. I love using fresh dill when fermenting cucumbers (pickles). Too bad the dill is usually done weeks before the cucumbers are ready to go! But I've learned that freezing the plant is a good way to keep its fresh flavor. Dill can also be preserved in vinegar and later added to your pickles. Dill is also good in breads and soups and with fish, eggs, and cheese. In spring we like making dill and brie popovers. Yum. Also a good digestive aid.

The umbel-shaped flowers attract beneficial hoverflies and predatory wasps. A host plant for the swallowtail butterfly caterpillars.
Although I don't have direct evidence to verify, it may be good for repelling squash bugs.

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Posted by Sharon (Calvert City, KY - Zone 7a) on Nov 15, 2011 10:19 PM

Dill is used primarily in the kitchen, but there was a time when it was used medicinally. Dill water made from the oil of dill is a folk remedy for infant colic as well as for digestive problems in older children. In the kitchen, dill is used as a pickling spice and to flavor sauces, salads and fish.

Do not confuse this plant with water hemlock or poison hemlock, both of which are poisonous.

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Posted by Catmint20906 (Maryland - Zone 7a) on Aug 1, 2014 7:38 PM

Anethum graveolens is a larval host plant for the Black Swallowtail Butterfly.

It also reportedly attracts a variety of beneficial insects to the garden, including:
--Lacewings, which feed on aphids, mealbugs, thrips, small caterpillars, mites, moth eggs, and some scales

--Ladybugs, which feed on aphids, mealybugs, soft scales, and spider mites

--Parasitic mini-wasps, which feed on aphids, armyworms, codling moths, European corn borer, flies, gypsy moths, cabbageworms, and other caterpillars and insects

--Hoverflies, which feed on aphids

This plant also reportedly repels cabbage loopers, imported cabbage worms, and tomato hookworm.

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