Eastern Red Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) in the Columbines Database

Common names:
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Give a thumbs up Canadian Columbine
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Give a thumbs up Wild Columbine
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Botanical names:
Aquilegia canadensis Accepted
Aquilegia canadensis var. latiuscula Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Plant Height: 2 to 3 feet
Plant Spread: 12 to 18 inches
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Multi-Color: Red or pink and yellow
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Cut Flower
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Hummingbirds
Resistances: Tolerates dry shade
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Provide light
Self fertile
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Can handle transplanting
Other info: Freely self-seeds
Pollinators: Birds
Bumblebees
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil

Columbine - Aquilegia canadensis 004

The Top 50 All Things Plants WildflowersThe Top 50 All Things Plants Wildflowers
October 18, 2014

It's hard to figure out which plants are wildflowers and which ones aren't, so lists like these are hard to come up with. Nevertheless, with help from our members we made a list of areas of the database that qualify, and here's the top 50 most popular species from among them!

(Full article12 comments)
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Photo gallery:
Date: 2016-04-30
By Anderwood
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Location: KentuckyDate: 2018-05-05
By oranges
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Date: 2016-04-20
By pepper23
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Location: My garden in Northern KYDate: 2009-05-07
By Marilyn
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Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.Date: Spring 2010Close up from the underside.
By frostweed
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Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2012-04-26
By chelle
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Date: 2011-06-24Courtesy Outsidepride
By vic
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Location: My GardensDate: May 22, 2008Partial Shade, Early Morning
By TBGDN
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Location: ILDate: 2015-05-15
By molanic
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Location: Western MassachusettsInnySk$nny2Date: 2017-06-15
By boojum
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Location: KentuckyDate: 2018-05-05they're watching over the forest!
By oranges
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Location: Indiana  Zone 5Date: 2009-05-20
By gardengus
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Location: My garden in Northern KYDate: 2009-05-07
By Marilyn
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Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.Date: Spring 2010The flower from the top.
By frostweed
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Location: Green Spring Gardens Park, Alexandria, VADate: April, 2005
By rcn48
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Image
By SongofJoy
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Date: 2003-04-13Steven J. Baskauf http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/
By SongofJoy
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Location: Roberta GeorgiaDate: Aprilwith butterfly
By stone
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Courtesy Crownsville Nursery
By vic
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Location: western OregonDate: summer 2014
By duane456
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Location: western OregonDate: summer 2014
By duane456
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Location: ILDate: 2015-05-15
By molanic
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2018-03-29Columbine 010
By dawiz1753
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Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2012-04-26
By chelle
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Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2012-04-26
By chelle
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Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
By Joy
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Location: central IllinoisDate: 2015-06-13
By jmorth
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There is one more image of this plant. Click to view them.

This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by Weedwhacker (Ford River, Michigan UP - Zone 4b) on Feb 28, 2015 11:42 PM

I originally purchased seed for this plant from Pinetree and have enjoyed it in my garden ever since then; it completely dies back in my zone 4b-5a garden, and then pops back up every spring, as well as self-sowing quite prolifically. A great plant for naturalizing with ferns, forget-me-nots, and other plants that enjoy partial shade.

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Posted by Cyclaminist (Minneapolis, Minnesota - Zone 5a) on May 17, 2016 7:32 PM

A native flower from eastern and central North America that attracts ruby-throated hummingbirds. Blooms when migrating hummingbirds return in the spring. They stick their long bills into the long red spurs to reach the nectar.

Also attracts bumblebees, which drink nectar or gather pollen. Smaller bees do not have long enough tongues to reach the nectar in the spurs, so they only gather pollen from the exposed yellow stamens at the bottom of the flower.

Has a long thick taproot with fibrous roots at the bottom, so it is drought-tolerant. Doesn't like transplanting, though it is possible if you make sure not to damage the taproot and the roots that come off of it.

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Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Jan 14, 2012 10:31 AM

A beautiful wildflower that is frequently found on rock cliffs and road cuts in this part of the country (southeast) in partial shade and sharp drainage. Takes full shade to full sun. Plants grow 1 to 4 feet tall with delicate orange-red flowers with long spurs. They flower in spring to early summer and except when really cold, keep a small rosette of evergreen foliage. Columbine tends to self-sow prolifically so it is great for naturalizing in a woodland garden. (Sunlight Gardens)

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Plant Events from our members
piksihk On January 7, 2015 Obtained plant
trade - stardrifting1970/stacy
piksihk On June 21, 2014 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
ricelg On December 24, 2017 Seeds sown
Winter sown in jugs outdoors. Morning/early pm sun in front of north face of retaining wall by pool
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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Columbine Flowers by flowersneedhelp Jun 3, 2018 2:36 PM 6
Spring 2018 by HollyAnnS May 20, 2018 6:49 PM 78
Has anyone renovated their entire yard? by Invaded Jan 15, 2018 1:11 PM 15
2017 Garder Deals and Steals by RickM Mar 19, 2017 1:36 PM 8
Help w/ Identifying a Weed or an Official "Flower" by Shawwannda Aug 8, 2016 1:25 AM 11
Wildflower ID by TheOrchidGirl May 12, 2017 9:31 AM 5
What Plant Varieties Are You Going To Get In 2016? by Marilyn May 27, 2016 6:22 PM 82
Shade plants you love by Lestv Dec 31, 2015 7:13 PM 12
Saving Seeds Summer/Fall 2015 by CarolineScott Oct 20, 2015 10:40 AM 58
A Shady Spot by Chillybean Aug 24, 2015 6:31 PM 17

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