The Main Plant entry for Columbines (Aquilegia)

This database entry exists to show plant data and photos that apply generically to all Columbines.

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Flowers: Showy
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Uses: Cut Flower
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Hummingbirds
Propagation: Seeds: Provide light
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Can handle transplanting
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger

Image
Common names
  • Columbine

Photo Gallery
Location: The Black Hills, SD
Date: 6/11/2022
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-04-20
White Columbine 001
Location: Granite Falls, WA
Date: 2013-06-16

Date: 2016-05-22
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2019-05-05
Location: Beautiful Tennessee, my garden
Date: 2019-04-19
Photo by mcash70
Photo by HollyAnnS

Date: 2017-04-12
Location: My front garden in Welland, Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-05-27
Up Close For Detail
Location: The Black Hills, SD
Date: 6/11/2022
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2019-05-05
Location: My Gardens
Date: Spring 2007
Close Up View

Photo courtesy of Annie's Annuals and Perennials
Location: The Black Hills, SD
Date: 6/11/2022
Location: all photos from my gardens
Date: 2019-04-08
Location: In my garden, Falls Church, VA
Date: 2018-05-11

Sparkling Wine
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2018-03-25
Grown from seed
Location: all photos from my gardens
Date: 2019-04-08
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 5, 2010
Close Up View
Location: In my Northern California garden
Date: 2010-04-16
Location: charlottetown, pei, canada
Date: 2011-06-25
Columbines-pink
Location: The Black Hills, SD
Date: 6/11/2022
Location: Otis, CO
Date: 2014-05-30
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2016-05-26
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2019-05-05
Location: WI
Date: 2022-05-31
Location: Botanical Garden Meise (Belgium)
Date: 2017-07-17
Location: My zone 3a garden
Date: 2010-06-30
Location: Illinois, US
Date: 2013-05-30
Columbine NOID
Location: Illinois, US
Date: 2013-05-30
Columbine NOID
Location: My front garden in Welland, Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-03-21
Close Up with Golden Pollen Visible
Location: In my garden, Falls Church, VA
Date: 2018-05-07
Location: Coastal San Diego County
Location: all photos from my gardens
Date: 2019-04-08
Location: Enterprise, Al. 36330
Date: 2014-04-30
Location: Granite Falls, WA
Date: 2017-06-01
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2022-05-10
White Columbine 008
Location: New Zealand
Date: 2016-11-13
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2019-05-05
Location: Illinois, US
Date: 2017-05-17
Columbine NOID
Location: Illinois, US
Date: 2013-05-30
Columbine NOID
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2022-04-12
Pink and White Columbine 001
Location: Athol, MA
Date: 2019-06-10
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2022-04-21
Red Columbine 005
Location: Bea’s garden
Date: 2023-06-09

Date: 2023-05-23
Location: In my garden, Falls Church, VA
Date: 2018-05-05
Columbine has pink blooms
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2023-05-21
Location: The Natural State (Arkansas)
Date: 2020-04-12
Photo by pinkiris
Location: My Gardens
Date: Spring 2007
Close Up View
Location: Hamilton Square perennial garden Historic City Cemetery, Sacramento CA.
Date: 2014-04-09

Date: 2010-06-03
Photo courtesy of: Colin-47
Location: Chinese Gardens, Darling Harbour, N.S.W., Australia
Date: 2014-10-24
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-05-07
Purple Columbine 008
Location: all photos from my gardens
Date: 2019-04-08
Location: Enterprise, Al. 36330
Date: 2014-04-30
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-04-21
White And Yellow Columbine 002
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2022-05-18

Date: 2013-04-08
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 16, 2010
General View
Photo by stilldew
Location: Bea’s garden
Date: 2021
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 7, 2010
Very Close View
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 7, 2010
Very Close View
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 7, 2010
Very Close View
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 7, 2010
Very Close View
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 5, 2010
Very Close View
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2019-05-05
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 21, 2014
Seedlings In Garden Setting
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2019-05-05
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2016-05-19
Location: Illinois, US
Date: 2011-05-24
Columbine NOID
Location: In my garden in Kalama, Wa.
Date: 2008-06-11
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Athol, MA
Date: 2018-06-16
Growing wild in the woods in North-central MA
Location: Virginia Beach, VA
Date: 2006-05-10

Date: 2011-06-08
Location: From my collection. Poland.
Date: 2022-06-05
Location: From my collection. Poland.
Date: 2022-06-05
Location: Cincinnati, Ohio
Date: Spring 2007
Unknown columbine

Date: 2019-08-23
Location: New Zealand
Date: 2014-11-04
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2023-05-21
Location: My Gardens
Date: Spring 2007
Close Up View
Location: My Gardens
Date: Spring 2007
Close Up View
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2020-05-01
Location: Enterprise, Al. 36330
Date: 2014-04-19
Location: Fairfax, VA
Photo by gemini_sage
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-05-15
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2022-05-18
Location: My Garden
Date: 2014-06-25
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 16, 2010
General View Half Of Plant
Location: New Zealand 
Date: 2017-10-27
Hoping to identify variety of columbine
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2022-05-10
Yellow Columbine 006
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 16, 2010
Very Close View
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 5, 2010
Very Close View
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2019-05-05
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2019-05-05
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2012-05-07
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2016-05-19

Date: 2017-05-23
Location: My zone 3a garden
Date: 2012-07-12
Photo by aleema
Location: My North Yorkshire Garden
Date: 2020-05-09
Location: My North Yorkshire Garden
Date: 2020-05-09
Photo by Paul2032
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-05-04
Purple Columbine 003
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2022-04-21
White Columbine 011
Location: Virginia Beach, VA
Date: 2006-05-10
Location: Granite Falls, WA
Date: 2018-05-16
Location: Suburban Denver, Colorado
Date: 2013-05-18
Photo by sedumzz
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-05-02
Dewdrop Covered Columbine 009
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2020-05-14
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2020-05-01
Location: Enterprise, Al. 36330
Date: 2014-04-19
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2022-04-26
Blue And Purple Columbine 001

Date: 2013-04-08
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-04-11
Columbine 002
Photo by fixpix
Photo by fixpix
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2022-04-21
Columbine 011
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2022-04-21
Columbine 013
Location: Indiana  Zone 5
Date: 2009-05-23
old fashioned
Photo by gemini_sage
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2022-05-10
Pink Columbine 002
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2022-05-10
White Columbine 009
Photo by stilldew
Location: My Gardens
Date: May 16, 2010
Very Close View
Photo by stilldew
Location: Indiana  Zone 5
Date: 2012-05-08
Location: My zone 3a garden
Date: 2012-07-05
Photo by aleema

photo by ghislain118
Location: Illinois, US
Date: 2010-05-07
Columbine NOID
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2016-03-13
Location: Blaine TN
Date: 2018-05-11
Location: The Natural State (Arkansas)
Date: 2020-03-04
Location: In my garden in Kalama, Wa.
Date: 2008-06-11
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Michigan
Location: Long Island, NY 
Date: 2013-06-06
Location: Long Island, NY 
Date: 2013-05-20
Location:  Bronx NY
Date: 2018-04-26
Just starting to get some color.
Location: central Illinois
Date: 5-19-19
Location: central Illinois
Date: 5-19-19
Location: in Zuzu's garden
Date: 2017-05-11
Location: My garden in Gent, Belgium
Date: 2010-04-27
Location: Bronx NY
Date: 2018-05-20

Date: 2013-03-29

Date: 2010-03-24
First leaves of spring
Photo by PAgirl63
Location: Michigan
Date: 2018-06-13
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2020-05-14
Location: Taken at Annie's Annuals Nursery
Date: 2014-05-08
Location: Enterprise, Al. 36330
Date: 2014-04-19
Location: CZ Sirem My garden
Date: 4000-06-27
Location: Chinese Gardens, Darling Harbour, N.S.W., Australia
Date: 2014-10-24
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-08-29
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-05-07
Purple Columbine 010
Location: Longwood Gardens Conservatory, Kennett Square, Pennsylvania USA
Date: 2018-03-06

Date: 2013-04-08
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-04-13
Columbine 003

Date: 2013-04-08

Date: 2013-04-08

Date: 2013-04-08

Date: 2013-04-08
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2008-05-08
Location: Indiana  Zone 5
Date: 2009-05-20
Tall long spurred
Photo by stilldew
Location: In my garden in Kalama, Wa.
Date: 2008-05-21
  • Uploaded by Joy
Photo by gardengus
Location: Seedling in my garden
Date: 2018-04-01
Photo by gardengus
Photo by mandolls

photo by ghislain118
Location: Long Island, NY 
Date: 2013-05-31
Location: My zone 3a garden
Date: 2012-07-05
Location: Illinois, US
Date: 2017-05-12
Columbine NOID
Photo by stilldew
Location: Michigan
Location: Long Island, NY 
Date: 2013-05-20
Location: New Zealand
Date: 2014-10-17
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2022-04-29
Location: Indiana  Zone 5
Date: 2012-07-26
leaf miner damage
Location: Enterprise, Al. 36330
Date: 2015-05-09

Date: 2014-05-07

Date: 2019-05-08
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2022-04-21
Columbine Garden 001
Location: my garden, Gent, Belgium
Date: 2011-04-25
Photo by stilldew
Location: my garden, Zone 7A, NC
Date: 2011-10-31
From seeds sown last Spring in situ.

Date: 2013-03-29
Location: Bochum, Germany
Date: 2020-05-14
Location: CZ Sirem My garden
Date: 2015-05-14
Location: CZ Sirem My garden
Date: 4000-06-27

Date: 2013-03-15
Location: Fairfax, Virginia (Outdoors)
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-04-21
White Columbine 007
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-04-21
White Columbine 006
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-04-21
White And Yellow Columbine 003

Date: 2013-04-08
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2016-05-04
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-04-21
White And Yellow Columbine 001

Date: 2013-04-08
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-02-20
Location: My studio in Welland, Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-09-11
Seeds and bloom inset
Photo by LindaTX8
Photo by gardengus

photo by ghislain118
Photo by stilldew
Location: Cascade of Time Garden, Banff, Canada | August, 2022
Date: 2022-08-01
thick, waxy leaves! Cute
Photo by stilldew
Location: In my garden in Kalama, Wa.
Date: 2006-05-13
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: West Valley City, UT
Cross of 'Black Barlow' and 'Winky Double Red and White.'
Location: FPF Home, Warren County, Kentucky
Date: 2022-06-12
Gifted to me by a friend, from her plants. 06.12.22
  • Uploaded by FPF
Photo by mandolls
Location: Fairfax, Virginia (Outdoors)

Date: 2014-05-07
Location: Blaine TN
Date: 2018-04-26
Ready to "pop"

Date: 2013-03-15
Location: My garden in Gent, Belgium
Date: 2010-05-04
Location: Banff, Canada | August, 2022
Date: 2022-08-07
Location: Jasper, Canada | August, 2022
Date: 2022-08-07
Location: Eagle Bay, New York
Date: 2021-06-05
Columbines (Aquilegia) - native wild
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Comments:
  • Posted by gardengus (Indiana Zone 5b) on Nov 22, 2011 7:35 PM concerning plant:
    These are one of my all time favorite perennials. They often self sow and cross, so I have a large variety of colors and sizes. Seed can be winter sown and needs light to germinate. Transplanting should be done when plants are small for much better success rate. Large plants have deep tap roots. They are short lived, so best to allow some seedlings to mature to give a good show in the garden.
  • Posted by Bonehead (Planet Earth - Zone 8b) on Sep 24, 2015 9:21 AM concerning plant:
    Columbines are my favorite early spring flower, but are short lived for me. I might get two good seasons from a plant, then they lose vigor and either come back very small with few flowers, or reseed themselves as 'granny bonnets' - plain-jane short spurred light purple. My solution is to simply add several healthy new plants every year and enjoy the rotating show.
  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on May 20, 2013 3:40 AM concerning plant:
    Taken from wikipedia's page at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A...

    "Columbine is a hardy perennial, which propagates by seed. It will grow to a height of 15 to 20 inches. It will grow in full sun; however, it prefers growing in partial shade and well drained soil, and is able to tolerate average soils and dry soil conditions. Columbine is rated at hardiness zone 3 in the USA so does not require mulching or protection in the winter.

    Large numbers of hybrids are available for the garden, since the British A. vulgaris was joined by other European and North American varieties. Aquilegia species are very interfertile, and will self-sow. Some varieties are short-lived so are better treated as biennials.

    They are used as food plants by some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) caterpillars. These are mainly of noctuid moths – noted for feeding on many poisonous plants without harm – such as Cabbage Moth (Mamestra brassicae), Dot Moth (Melanchra persicariae) and Mouse Moth (Amphipyra tragopoginis). The Engrailed (Ectropis crepuscularia), a geometer moth, also uses columbine as a larval foodplant."
  • Posted by KFredenburg (Black Hills, SD - Zone 5a) on Jun 6, 2020 12:33 PM concerning plant:
    These are graceful plants with attractive ferny foliage and yellow, blue, red, white or bicolored flowers. Long narrow spurs extend backward from the flower.
    For best results (if planting more than one of these plants), space each one at least 1 and a half feet apart from each other.
    Landscape uses:
    American columbine and fan columbine are appealing plants for a rock garden r the front of a flower border. Use the taller forms in the middle of a border, where they will bloom for several weeks. The flowers are excellent for cutting. Columbines have abundant nectar and attract hummingbirds.
  • Posted by Newyorkrita (North Shore, Long Island, NY ) on Sep 22, 2013 3:25 PM concerning plant:
    Columbines remind me of spring meadows. Fortunately, we can have these meadow flowers in our gardens. Often the individual plants don't last long, dying out after a few years. Usually seedlings have popped up to replace the missing plants.
Plant Events from our members
piksihk On January 1, 2024 Seeds sown
Seeds from CO
piksihk On December 14, 2019 Seeds sown
mix frt bed/pecan tree (bet. azaleas)
piksihk On February 2, 2018 Seeds sown
Blue, violet, red,
Korean pack
piksihk On November 13, 2017 Seeds sown
Korean seeds,
piksihk On January 6, 2015 Seeds sown
seeds from Korea
piksihk On December 27, 2014 Seeds sown
Yasso F. and red columbine
piksihk On June 21, 2014 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
dragonfetti On January 12, 2015 Obtained plant
WM; .20 per pack; one pack; Barlow's Doubles Mix.
SCButtercup On March 30, 2017 Bloomed
SCButtercup On March 15, 2016 Bloomed
lovesblooms On February 9, 2017 Seeds sown
w/s labeled "columbine mix"
MrsBinWY On September 7, 2019 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
Plants were fine but nothing spectacular. Removed them to make way for something more desirable.
MrsBinWY On May 25, 2018 Transplanted
On 5-25-2018, planted 8 in the back side yard.
MrsBinWY On November 25, 2017 Seeds sown
Experiment: Eight (8) 2.25" pots in garden hoop, seeds from Desirai (GW) ~2015. Zero germination.
MrsBinWY On November 25, 2017 Seeds sown
Experiment: Eight (8) 2.25" pots in garden hoop, seeds from 25th & House 2017. All 8 pots germinated & grew well. Will find a place in the yard for them.
antsinmypants On June 1, 2023 Transplanted
Pink one from Bethtrees into shade garden by the pond.
antsinmypants On May 13, 2022 Transplanted
Pink & Yellow Bi-color into sun garden 2.
GardensJohn On April 10, 2021 Obtained plant
I love Columbines. Tried growing some about twenty years ago when we moved to Virginia from Colorado. They lived about two years, but never seeded themselves. This year I decided to try again. Planted them in a more shady location in my garden this time hoping they will do better.
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Beautiful! by plantladylin Nov 8, 2012 7:36 PM 13
This aquilegia appears to be a hybrid, not Aquilegia flavescens by growitall Jan 11, 2014 12:18 PM 0
Not Aquilegia skinneri by growitall Mar 26, 2014 11:25 PM 1
Not Aquilegia saximontana by growitall Mar 28, 2014 7:12 PM 0
Not Aquilegia saximontana by growitall Apr 8, 2014 5:08 PM 1
Pretty columbine but not representative of 'Blue Barlow' by growitall Apr 12, 2014 6:10 PM 1
Untitled by growitall May 9, 2014 7:27 PM 2
A possible hybrid thereof, but not Aquilegia chrysantha by growitall Nov 4, 2014 9:26 PM 1

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