American Spikenard (Aralia racemosa)

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8a
Plant Height: 3-5 feet
Plant Spread: 3-5 feet
Fruiting Time: Summer
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Foliage Mound Height: 3-5 feet
Uses: Will Naturalize
Edible Parts: Roots
Eating Methods: Tea
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Root
Division
Pollinators: Bees
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger

a few white flowers left in bloom

Photo gallery:
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2016-08-07a few white flowers left in bloom
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2018-09-29one specimen that was planted in a front yard
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2018-09-29white flowers
By ILPARW
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Location: Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, PennsylvaniaDate: 2019-10-24yellow fall color before dying back for winter
By ILPARW
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Location: Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, PennsylvaniaDate: 2019-10-24fall color and old black fruit
By ILPARW
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Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
By admin
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Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
By admin
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2016-08-07plant along walkway
By ILPARW
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2016-08-07summer foliage
By ILPARW
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2016-08-07flower spike after white flowers bloomed
By ILPARW
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Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery.
By Joy
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Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery.
By Joy
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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Feb 14, 2018 2:06 PM

This is a robust, showy plant for the shade garden. It is a shrub-like perennial 3 to 5 feet high with compound leaves of 6 to 21 heart-shaped leaflets. The rounded umbels of tiny white flowers are in a long panicle-spike blooming late June into August. These clusters bear round red seeds that become deep purple. It grows wild in rich woods of southeast Canada and the northeastern US down into northern Georgia. It has blackish stems and aromatic roots. It is a long-lived perennial that does not need dividing. It is sold by a good number of native plant nurseries, as Prairie Nursery in Westfield, WI sells it in gallon pots.

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