Monkey Puzzle Tree (Araucaria araucana)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Monkey Puzzle Tree
Give a thumbs up Pehuen
Give a thumbs up Chilean Pine
Give a thumbs up Monkey-Puzzle Tree
Give a thumbs up Monkey Tail Tree

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 7a -17.8 °C (0 °F) to -15 °C (5 °F)
Plant Height: up to 130 feet
Plant Spread: 20 to 30 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Other: Sharply pointed
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Provides winter interest
Useful for timber production
Edible Parts: Seeds or Nuts
Eating Methods: Cooked
Resistances: Salt tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Wind
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Endangered: Listed as 'Endangered' by the IUCN.
Conservation status: Endangered (EN)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Endangered

Photo gallery:

Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Apr 24, 2019 4:17 PM

I've seen some in conservatories in big pots. There is a nice 10 to 12 feet high specimen growing outside all year next to the big greenhouse of a retail garden center in Chester Springs of southeast Pennsylvania in Zone 6b that has been doing fine for over 10 years. This tree is native to Chile and western Argentina in the cool climate, where it can snow in some places, in and near the lower Andes, and is the national tree of Chile. It goes back to the Age of the Dinosaurs. It is a member of the coniferous family of Auraucariaceae that is a mostly of the Southern Hemisphere . This tree can get up to 150 feet high with a seven feet wide trunk, but it takes a long time as it is slow growing. The male trees bear 3 to 5 inch wide rounded, spiny cones and the female trees bear 6 to 12 inch wide rounded spiny cones that bear the seeds about the size of almonds and are edible, even made into flour or fermented into a beverage. The species is endangered in its native habitat by logging and clearing land for agriculture. It does well in England, where it was a big fad for awhile in the 1800's. It is mentioned in the old movie of The Ghost and Mrs Muir.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Monkey Puzzle tree by Gina1960 Mar 14, 2019 12:39 PM 3
What is happening to my newly-potted Norfolk Island Pine? by Slothtarts Nov 3, 2019 11:29 AM 21
Can anyone identify this? by paislea Mar 17, 2018 12:00 PM 7
Monkey Puzzle Tree Maintenance by Allysonthieme Jan 16, 2018 11:44 PM 6
Evergreen tree in Andalucia, Spain? by TonySBowden Dec 17, 2017 8:16 PM 8
Pine cone? by Olipra Nov 4, 2017 4:58 PM 2
Help me id a tree by description by Nyssa Mar 1, 2017 11:11 AM 8
What is this plant ? by Gabiche Mar 7, 2016 8:07 PM 11
Browning branches on a Monkey Puzzle Tree by drbill Sep 15, 2015 7:49 AM 1
Leucadendron linifolium by wcgypsy Apr 20, 2015 11:10 AM 7

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