General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9a -6.7 °C (20 °F) to -3.9 °C (25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 11
Plant Height: Commonly grown as potted plants, reaching 4 to 8 feet. In nature, trees can attain heights to 200 feet.
Plant Spread: 20 to 25 feet.
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Other: Male cones are cylindrical, to 2 inches in length; female seed cones are almost round, scaly, 3 to 6 inches in diameter.
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Awards and Recognitions: RHS AGM
Conservation status: Vulnerable (VU)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Vulnerable
Common names
  • Norfolk Island Pine
  • Star Pine

This plant is tagged in:
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  • Posted by dyzzypyxxy (Sarasota, Fl) on Jan 14, 2021 5:29 PM concerning plant:
    These trees, often sold at the holidays are really not a good thing to plant out in your yard in Florida. They get much too big and can be a danger to a structure even a long way away. I posted the picture of my neighbor's tree being removed to illustrate this. The tree was leaning towards his house, and luckily when Hurricane Irma came by, the winds were blowing the other way so it didn't fall. It was well over 100ft. tall and would have destroyed the house. It came out of the storm leaning more than it had been before so he took out a bank loan to cover the cost of removing this huge tree.

    If you bought one in a pot that actually had three trees in the pot, you can plant all three together, and they will stunt each other so they don't get quite so tall and ungainly.
  • Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Oct 14, 2011 5:14 PM concerning plant:
    Araucaria heterophylla, Norfolk Island Pine is endemic to Norfolk Island in the Pacific Ocean. This tree can attain heights of 200' in its native habitat, but most of us are more familiar with the smaller versions sold as houseplants, especially around holiday time when they are often found for sale in local garden centers. The Norfolk Island Pine has an upright, pyramid growth habit with an occasional tilt or leaning appearance. This tree has a weak root system and may need staking as it grows taller.

    Here in Florida in the southern part of the state, the Norfolk Island Pine is grown as a landscape tree, but it also does well in zone 9 central Florida, in warmer protected microclimates, especially near the water. Tall specimen trees are often damaged by the high winds of tropical storms and hurricanes, but they will recover if cut back to the ground, where new suckers will form.

    I've had many of the small Norfolk Island Pine trees over the years. I would purchase a few during the holiday season and decorate them with miniature ornaments or tiny bows or small sea shells. My neighbor has a large Norfolk Island Pine Tree in her yard, one I gave her as a 4' tree years ago that is now taller than her house. The tree in my photo was one that was moved to a location behind the shed until I could find time to re-pot into a larger container. It was forgotten and eventually took root in the ground, and the plastic pot disintegrated.
  • Posted by mellielong (Lutz, Florida - Zone 9b) on Apr 30, 2015 8:42 PM concerning plant:
    My Dad is a woodturner and I can tell you they really prize the wood from this tree. He's always on the hunt for one being taken down and then cutting it up and distributing it to his woodturning club members.
  • Posted by Sharon (Calvert City, KY - Zone 7a) on Sep 29, 2011 5:24 PM concerning plant:
    This plant was a gift about 4 years ago; it was potted and maybe about 6 inches tall. Now it towers above 5' and lives in its pot outdoors in summer and inside in winter here in zone 6/7 in western Kentucky. It needs filtered light and likes humidity.
Plant Events from our members
bouncyshamrocks On December 17, 2016 Obtained plant
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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Age by Hamwild Nov 5, 2017 11:33 AM 2
Norfolk Pine by Hamwild Nov 19, 2020 11:05 PM 5

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