Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla)

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9a -6.7 °C (20 °F) to -3.9 °C (25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 11
Plant Height: Commonly grown as potted plants, reaching 4 to 8 feet. In nature, trees can attain heights to 200 feet.
Plant Spread: 20 to 25 feet.
Leaves: Evergreen
Needled
Fruit: Other: Male cones are cylindrical, to 2 inches in length; female seed cones are almost round, scaly, 3 to 6 inches in diameter.
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Containers: Suitable in 1 gallon
Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Conservation status: Vulnerable (VU)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Vulnerable
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Photo gallery:
Location: Winona, MODate: 2018-12-18Retirement Present from office staff.
By DraDiana
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Date: 2012-12-17
By Paul2032
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Location: My terrace garden, Jamshedpur- IndiaDate: 2019-01-20
By queen1694
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Location: My terrace garden, Jamshedpur- IndiaDate: 2019-01-20
By queen1694
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Location: My terrace garden, Jamshedpur- IndiaDate: 2019-01-20
By queen1694
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Date: 2011-09-29A gorgeous and easy houseplant
By Sharon
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Location: central IllinoisDate: 2015-01-22
By jmorth
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Location: Manitoba, CanadaDate: 2015-09-10
By DebbieC
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Location: Pleasant Grove, UtahDate: 2011-10-29
By Paul2032
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Location: central IllinoisDate: 2013-03-04
By jmorth
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Location: Dining room window.Date: 2016-01-02
By pirl
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2018-03-23Norfolk Island Pine 002
By dawiz1753
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2018-03-23Norfolk Island Pine 002
By dawiz1753
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2018-03-23Norfolk Island Pine 001
By dawiz1753
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Date: 2018-04-12
By Hamwild
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Location: Coastal San Diego County Date: 2018-05-23
By carlysuko
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Location: Coastal San Diego County Date: 2018-05-23
By carlysuko
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Location: Coastal San Diego County Date: 2018-05-23
By carlysuko
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Location: HoustonDate: 2013-02-25
By jmorth
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Location: MOBOT -   St LouisDate: 2013-03-01
By jmorth
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Location: central IllinoisDate: 2013-03-04
By jmorth
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Location: central IllinoisDate: 2015-01-22
By jmorth
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Location: Work areaDate: 2015-1216Walmart Christmas purchase that had to be repotted.
By pirl
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Location: Work areaDate: 2015-1216
By pirl
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Location: Work areaDate: 2015-1216
By pirl
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Location: Work areaDate: 2015-1216
By pirl
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Location: Austria / Wiener NeustadtDate: 2015-12-11
By Insagi
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Location: Port Orange, FLDate: 2016-10-22Damage to my tree from Hurricane Matthew!  :(
By PeggyB
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Location: central IllinoisDate: 2017-02-17Houseplant
By jmorth
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This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by Sharon (Calvert City, KY - Zone 7a) on Sep 29, 2011 5:24 PM

This plant was a gift about 4 years ago; it was potted and maybe about 6 inches tall. Now it towers above 5' and lives in its pot outdoors in summer and inside in winter here in zone 6/7 in western Kentucky. It needs filtered light and likes humidity.

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Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Oct 14, 2011 5:14 PM

Araucaria heterophylla, Norfolk Island Pine is endemic to Norfolk Island in the Pacific Ocean. This tree can attain heights of 200' in its native habitat, but most of us are more familiar with the smaller versions sold as houseplants, especially around holiday time when they are often found for sale in local garden centers. The Norfolk Island Pine has an upright, pyramid growth habit with an occasional tilt or leaning appearance. This tree has a weak root system and may need staking as it grows taller.

Here in Florida in the southern part of the state, the Norfolk Island Pine is grown as a landscape tree, but it also does well in zone 9 central Florida, in warmer protected microclimates, especially near the water. Tall specimen trees are often damaged by the high winds of tropical storms and hurricanes, but they will recover if cut back to the ground, where new suckers will form.

I've had many of the small Norfolk Island Pine trees over the years. I would purchase a few during the holiday season and decorate them with miniature ornaments or tiny bows or small sea shells. My neighbor has a large Norfolk Island Pine Tree in her yard, one I gave her as a 4' tree years ago that is now taller than her house. The tree in my photo was one that was moved to a location behind the shed until I could find time to re-pot into a larger container. It was forgotten and eventually took root in the ground, and the plastic pot disintegrated.

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Posted by mellielong (Lutz, Florida - Zone 9b) on Apr 30, 2015 8:42 PM

My Dad is a woodturner and I can tell you they really prize the wood from this tree. He's always on the hunt for one being taken down and then cutting it up and distributing it to his woodturning club members.

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Plant Events from our members
bouncyshamrocks On December 17, 2016 Obtained plant
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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Age by Hamwild Nov 5, 2017 11:33 AM 2
Potted Norfolk Pine question by mcknzlrk Nov 27, 2018 9:16 PM 4
What is the name of this plant? by IronVader May 7, 2018 11:00 PM 3
Evergreen tree in Andalucia, Spain? by TonySBowden Dec 17, 2017 8:16 PM 8
Name of this House Plant? by wasser Nov 29, 2017 7:01 PM 3
How to get started growing a tree? by ApesUpt Nov 27, 2017 11:21 AM 4
What kind of tree? by carlysuko Feb 17, 2017 10:43 PM 5
Help identify these trees please :D need advice to save them!!! by michaeleo Apr 21, 2018 2:48 PM 15
Norfolk Island Pine by lewisbowman Jan 23, 2017 12:57 PM 6
Some private giants by jmorth Dec 14, 2016 4:01 PM 14
Help! Plant ID and caring. by AkMossberg Oct 5, 2016 9:36 AM 4

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