Giant Cane (Arundinaria gigantea)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Giant Cane
Give a thumbs up Canebrake Bamboo
Give a thumbs up Cane Reed
Give a thumbs up River Cane
Give a thumbs up Switch Cane

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 5 to 12 feet, usually 8 to 12 feet
Plant Spread: colony
Leaves: Evergreen
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Underground structures: Rhizome
Uses: Provides winter interest
Erosion control
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Butterflies
Resistances: Pollution
Humidity tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Stolons and runners
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Monoecious
Conservation status: Near Threatened (NT)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Near Threatened
photo credit: James H. Miller & Ted Bodner

Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 22, 2019 10:34 AM

This Giant or River Cane is the tall American native species of Bamboo that actually can get to 25 feet high in the deep South near water, and its culms or canes get to 1 inch in diameter. Its native range is from central Florida to east Texas to southern Kansas to southern Illinois to southern New York in moist to draining wet soils. It spreads by underground runners to form a colony, though not real quickly. Its foliage is lighter and thinner than similar east Asian bamboo in this genus. It used to be much more common in the 18th and 19th centuries, making up "canebrakes" that were large colonies of thick vegetation. It seems that fires and canopy disturbance of forest helped it a lot to form those thick, large colonies. Native Americans used the stems for basketry. It is sold by a few specialty and mail order nurseries as: Tennessee Whole Sale Nursery that sells rhizomes; Wilson Bros Gardens; Bamboo Garden in North Plains, Oregon; West Coast Oasis Bamboo Garden in Santa Rosa, California; Missouri Nursery Native Plants south of Jefferson City, Missouri; Maya Gardens Inc. in Eugene, Oregon;; and eBay.

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