The Main Plant entry for Bougainvilleas (Bougainvillea)

This database entry exists to show plant data and photos that apply generically to all Bougainvilleas.

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Vine
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Flowers: Showy
Other: it is in truth the flower bracts which are showy in vibrant colors
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Cut Flower
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Butterflies
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Tip
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth

Image
Common names
  • Bougainvillea

Photo Gallery
Location: Jardin des Serres de la Madone, Menton, France
Date: 2016-05-27

Date: January 
La Quinta, near Palm Springs, California
Location: Kolkata
Date: 03-04-2021
Location: Cayman Islands
Date: 2023-08-16
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2017-07-01

Date: 2021-09-12
Location: Menton, France
Date: 2017-06-17
Photo by ARUBA1334
Location: Sebastian, Florida
Date: 2017-01-12
Colorful bracts
Location: Cayman Islands

Date: 2020-02-26
Location: Corpus Christi, TX
Date: 2016-08-17
Location: Sebastian, Florida
Date: 2017-02-21
Small flowers surrounded by the pink bracts
Photo by dnrevel

Date: 2021-01-30
Location: my veranda Bullard, TX
Date: 2017-10-04
Measuring 4' tall x 8' wide
Location: Sumatera Indonesia
Date: 2018-03-04
Location: SoCal.
Date: 2019-02-01
Location: Sumatera Indonesia
Date: 2018-03-04
Photo by ARUBA1334
Location: Tampa Bay, Florida 
Date: November 
Bougainvillea
Location: Parchur, Andhra Pradesh, India
Date: 2024-01-30
Location: Saint Lucia 
Date: 2019
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Sly Fox restaurant patio)
Date: October 8, 2023
Bougainvillea # 247 nn
Location: Houston area
Date: 2012-09-01
White is not exciting but it sure is pretty and brightens any cor
Location: San Antonio, Texas
Date: 2022-04-03
Location: Conservatory, Hidden Lake Gardens, Michigan
Date: 2018-08-17
Bougainvillea - You can see blooms (white) and buds (pink), but a
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2017-11-22
 Colorful bracts with tiny blooms visible on left.
Location: At a Utah Nursery
Date: 2011-10-19
Bougainvillea Bambino

Date: 2019-06-17
Photo by ARUBA1334
Photo by ARUBA1334
Location: Bogie Lake Greenhouse, White Lake, MI
Date: 2009-09-13
Location: Port Orange, Florida
Date: 2018-05-16
Location: New York Botanical Garden
Date: June 2017
Location: Yucatan, Mexico
Date: February
Photo by sedumzz
Location: San Antonio, TX
Date: 2020-03-11
Location: 'Opaeka'a Falls in Kaua'i, Hawaii 
Date: 01/21/2014
A beautiful Bougainvillea bloom along w/ a breath taking backgrou
Location: Coastal San Diego County 
Date: 2018-05-03
Location: Conservatory, Hidden Lake Gardens, Michigan
Date: 2018-08-17
Bougainvillea blooms are inconspicuous, and the buds are even mor
Photo by rocklady
Location: Paraty, Brazil
Date: 2015-01-26
Location: Seville, Spain | April, 2023
Date: 2023-04-05
Location: South Daytona, Florida
Date: 2014-06-13
Location: Saint Lucia 
Date: 2019
Location: Sebastian, Florida
Date: 2017-01-26

Date: 2017-03-14
Location: Hidden Hills CA zone 10b
Date: 2014-07-04
2 different Bougainvilleas  - very different leaves
Location: Hidden Hills CA zone 10b
Date: 2014-07-20
Location: garden delight nursery

Date: 2015-03-02
Photo courtesy of: Louis Vest
Location: Houston area
Date: 2012-09-01
The tiny flowers are not showy esp on a white bract.
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2013-05-17
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2017-12-15
Location: Cordoba, Argentina
Location: Corpus Christi, TX
Date: 2016-08-17
Location: Corpus Christi, TX
Date: 2016-08-17
Location: Sebastian, Florida
Date: 2017-05-03
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2017-11-22
           Colorful bracts and tiny bloom
Location: Port Orange, Florida
Date: 2018-06-10
Leaves being eaten by Looper Caterpillars which feed at night.
Location: Seville, Spain | April, 2023
Date: 2023-04-05
Location: Historic Old Town, San Diego, California  
Date: 2015-01-12

Date: 2011-10-19
Location: Bogie Lake Greenhouse, White Lake, MI
Date: 2009-07-06
Location: Tellys Greenhouse, Troy, MI
Date: 2010-03-21
Location: Tellys Greenhouse, Troy, MI
Date: 2010-03-21
Photo by Gilgomez
Location: San Diego, California
Date: 2013-08-15
Location: St. James, Florida
Location: central Illinois-Washington Park Botanical Garden -Springfield, Il.
Date: 2015-12-05
Location: Hidden Hills CA zone 10b
Date: 2014-07-04
Mixed Bougainvillea - approximately 10 years old, trimmed annuall
Photo by sedumzz
Location: Cypress Gardens, Florida
Location: Lutz, FL
Date: 2006-12-02
Photo by purpleinopp
Photo by dyzzypyxxy
Location: Funchal - Madeira
Date: 2023-04-18

Date: 2020-02-26
Location:  garden delight nursery
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2013-05-17
Location: Cordoba, Argentina
Location: Paraty, Brazil
Date: 2015-01-26
Location: Port Orange, Florida
Date: 2018-06-10
Leaves showing Leaf Miner damage.
Location: South Daytona, Florida
Date: 2014-06-13
Location: Balboa Park Botanical Gardens, San Diego, California                                       
Date: 2013-08-16
Location: Wanda's
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2012-06-17

Date: 2011-10-19

Date: 2013-02-26
Location: Potohar, Punjab.
Location: Potohar, Punjab.
Location: central Illinois-Washington Park Botanical Garden -Springfield, Il.
Date: 2015-12-05
Location: New York Botanical Garden
Date: June 2017
Location: Hidden Hills CA zone 10b
Date: 2014-07-20
Location: Carson City, NV
Date: 2020-07-17
Location: La Fortuna, Costa Rica | Old Photo
Date: 2022-12-21
Location: central Illinois - Washington Park Botanical Garden
Date: 2014-03-22
Location: central Illinois - Washington Park Botanical Garden
Date: 2014-03-22

Date: 2014-11-26
Photo courtesy of: Alex E. Proimos

Date: 2007-07-25
Photo courtesy of: david55king
Photo by dyzzypyxxy
Photo by dyzzypyxxy
Location: Growing up a Live Oak tree in a friends yard - South Daytona, Florida
Date: 2015-12-06
Location: Pasig City - Philippines
Date: 2015-05-15 -Summertime -courtesy of my friend Mary Ann
A huge bougainvillea in the city.
Location: Balboa Park San Diego, California                                       
Date: 2013-08-16

photo credit: Alfred Osterloh
Location: central Illinois-Washington Park Botanical Garden -Springfield, Il.
Date: 2015-12-05
Location: Potohar, Punjab.
Date: 2012-12-03
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Comments:
  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on May 20, 2013 3:02 AM concerning plant:
    Taken from wikipedia's page at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...

    "Bougainvillea is a genus of flowering plants native to South America from Brazil west to PerĂº and south to southern Argentina (Chubut Province).

    They are thorny, woody vines growing anywhere from 1 to 12 metres (3 ft 3 in to 39 ft 4 in) tall, scrambling over other plants with their spiky thorns. The thorns are tipped with a black, waxy substance. They are evergreen where rainfall occurs all year, or deciduous if there is a dry season. The leaves are alternate, simple ovate-acuminate. The actual flower of the plant is small and generally white, but each cluster of three flowers is surrounded by three or six bracts with the bright colours associated with the plant, including pink, magenta, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow. Bougainvillea glabra is sometimes referred to as "paper flower" because the bracts are thin and papery. The fruit is a narrow five-lobed achene.

    The larvae of some Lepidoptera species also use them as food plants, for example the giant leopard moth (Hypercompe scribonia).

    Bougainvilleas grow best in dry soil in very bright full sun and with frequent fertilization; but they require little water once established, and in fact will not flourish if over-watered."

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