Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Bitternut Hickory
Give a thumbs up Swamp hickory
Give a thumbs up Yellow-bud Hickory
Give a thumbs up Bitternut

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9a
Plant Height: 50 to 75 feet
Plant Spread: 30 to 50 feet
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Green
Other: Green
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Shade Tree
Useful for timber production
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Monoecious

golden fall color of the crown of a tree

Photo gallery:
Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2008-10-15golden fall color of the crown of a tree
By ILPARW
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Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2008-10-15fall branches and trunk
By ILPARW
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Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2008-10-15full-grown tree in fall golden color
By ILPARW
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Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2011-01-31two upright tall trees in middle in winter
By ILPARW
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Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2011-01-31looking up a trunk
By ILPARW
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Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2008-08-26lower trunk bark
By ILPARW
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Location: Mobot, St L. (Missouri Botanical Garden)Date: 2017-08-09
By jmorth
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-07-23two tall upright trees in park
By ILPARW
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Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-07-11full-grown tree in summer
By ILPARW
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Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-07-11foliage and a few nuts
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-07-23a twig with leaves and a nut
By ILPARW
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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Nov 25, 2017 10:19 AM

I would say that the Bitternut Hickory is the second most common hickory species in the Midwest and parts of the Mid-Atlantic after the Shagbark. It is often near watercourses in moist or draining wet soils, but it can also be upland. Its native range is from a little bit of far southeast Canada and southern new England down to just over the northern Florida border to east Texas up to central Minnesota. Like other hickories it is slow growing of about 6 to 9 inches/year and lives about 200 years. It develops a deep taproot, but small trees can be moved B&B in spring. The leaves get to about 9 inches long and usually have 7 leaflets, but can have up to 11. The thin shelled 4-ribbed nut is bitter to eat and it is enclosed by a thin, yellowish husk, about 1 inch long. It is offered for sale by some native plant and specialty nurseries.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
What are these seeds? by angelD Jun 4, 2018 9:48 PM 4
Need help IDing a nut tree. by GardenGoober Oct 1, 2016 7:24 AM 13
calling all Hickory detectives by flaflwrgrl Nov 25, 2011 11:57 AM 35

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