The Main Plant entry for Pecans (Carya illinoinensis)

This database entry exists to show plant data and photos that apply generically to all Pecans.

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Pecan
Give a thumbs up Hardy Pecan
Give a thumbs up Northern Pecan

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Shade Tree
Edible Parts: Seeds or Nuts
Fruit
Eating Methods: Raw
Cooked
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Monoecious

Neighbor's Pecan Tree

Photo gallery:

This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Nov 25, 2017 12:47 PM

I first saw this species grown in nut-producing orchards while driving in southern Alabama to and from Florida. Its native range is much of east Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma except the panhandle, much of Missouri, southern Illinois & Indiana, and along the Mississippi from the Gulf up to the south Wisconsin border and up the Illinois River into central Illinois, growing in bottomlands. It grows about 8 inches/year in nature and lives about 300 years. It needs moist soil. Its compound leaves get to 20 inches long and have 9 to 17 narrow leaflets with sharp teeth on margins. its bark stays smooth gray for a long time, but eventually develops furrowed bark with long, flat ridges. It develops the typical hickory deep taproot, but small trees can be moved in early spring B&B. There are quite a number of cultivars developed for nut production and are smaller, more compact, and grow faster.

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Posted by robertduval14 (Mason, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 19, 2013 9:33 PM

State tree of Texas.

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Plant Events from our members
piksihk On October 15, 2018 Harvested
Pecans are dropping
piksihk On November 28, 2016 Harvested
nearing the tail end of harvest;
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Unknown Tree identification #4 by MzJuedz May 9, 2019 9:45 PM 6
What kind of tree is this? by Pennzies Aug 1, 2018 9:51 AM 7
We have an unusual Pecan tree, need information. by Edmund1812 May 15, 2018 10:32 AM 8
id by MISSINGROSIE May 16, 2016 6:37 PM 17
plant-specific databases ideas by dbrawner Aug 15, 2014 3:36 PM 22
Plant found on hugelkultur bed by scottman Jul 28, 2012 8:47 AM 9
calling all Hickory detectives by flaflwrgrl Nov 25, 2011 11:57 AM 35
More on the subject of non-cultivar top-level plants by dave Nov 14, 2011 6:52 PM 69

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