Common Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Common Hackberry
Give a thumbs up Hackberry
Give a thumbs up American Hackberry

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 50 to 100 feet
Plant Spread: 40 to 60 feer
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Green
Other: Green, insignificant for ornamental purposes.
Flower Time: Spring
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Shade Tree
Edible Parts: Fruit
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Other: Seeds
Pollinators: Bees
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Nov 26, 2017 9:21 PM

The Common Hackberry is a nice, reliable shade tree that has a native range from a little of southeast Canada and New Hampshire down to central Tennessee to northern Oklahoma up to eastern North Dakota. It grows bout 1.5 to 2 feet/year and lives about 150 to 200 years. It is very adaptable to good or poor or heavy clay soils. This member of the Elm Family, and it looks elm-like, is sold at a good number of larger nurseries and native plant nurseries. It is wind-firm and really a clean tree. It has a good-looking gray bark that is sort of warty. Its elm-like leaves get to 4 inches long x 2 inches wide, the leaf margins are singly toothed, and the leaf apex is tapering and slightly curved, and leaves turn a good or poor yellow in fall. The species does develop some witches'-broom from a fungus and mite, but it is not serious, and neither is the nipple gall on the leaves. It is a common pioneer tree along with Green Ash and Boxelder. The little brownish-purple berries are loved by birds. It should be planted more than it is. There are several cultivars.

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Posted by sheryl (Hot, hot, hot, Feenix, AZ - Zone 9b) on Dec 8, 2011 10:09 PM

Host plant for the tawny emperor and the mourning cloak butterfly caterpillars. Also provides food for birds: Quail, pheasants, woodpeckers, and cedar waxwings.

Tolerates wet soils, is not picky about the soil it is in.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Common Hackberry by ILPARW Dec 31, 2019 12:23 PM 8
Tree ID #1 by blue23rose Sep 16, 2019 5:07 AM 4
Sick Tree - Warts on Leaves by timgoodrich Aug 26, 2018 9:58 PM 12
What are these seeds? by heatheradams Dec 30, 2017 7:50 AM 12
Please identify these weeds? trees? plants? I don't know! by dtmwp Aug 20, 2017 6:44 PM 2
What kind of tree is this by Rkempston May 13, 2017 1:02 AM 5
Another one.. by Safroniabee May 1, 2017 7:27 AM 5
Identification of plant/tree by dbjmar Sep 8, 2016 4:35 PM 9
Plant found in Hot Springs, Arkansas. by Punkyemy Jul 28, 2016 11:39 AM 12
Unknown by treehugger Oct 26, 2015 9:43 PM 64

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