General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Wet
Wet Mesic
Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Moderately alkaline (7.9 – 8.4)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 10b
Plant Height: 6 to 12 feet (1.8-3.7m) infrequently to 20 feet. Averages 10 x 10 feet in the wild.
Plant Spread: 4 to 8 feet (1.2-2.4m). Spreads more when in the wild.
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Fall
Late fall or early winter
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: White
Other: Pale Yellow
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Summer
Late summer or early fall
Suitable Locations: Bog gardening
Uses: Provides winter interest
Erosion control
Water gardens
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Butterflies
Hummingbirds
Other Beneficial Insects: moths
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Flood Resistant
Humidity tolerant
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Other: Foliage is toxic to humans and livestock.
Propagation: Seeds: Sow in situ
Other info: seeds will germinate promptly without treatment
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Tip
Other: softwood cuttings in late July-Aug root easily
Pollinators: Various insects
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Monoecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Image
Common names
  • Buttonbush
  • Common Buttonbush
  • Honey Bells
  • Button Bush
  • Honeyball
  • Western Buttonbush
  • Button Willow

Photo Gallery
Location: IL
Date: 2018-07-04
Location: Florida
Date: May
credit: Bob Peterson
Location: Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia, USA
Date: 2013-06-23
Each individual flower is tiny.
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2012-08-20
Location: IL
Date: 2015-07-14
#Pollination Grapeleaf Skeletonizer (Harrisina americana) Moth
Location: IL
Date: 2016-07-08
#Pollination Hummingbird Clearwing (Hemaris thysbe) Moth on Butto
Location: Tyler State Park, Tyler, TX
Date: 2021-07-28
Location: Aberdeen, NC Pages Lake park
Date: August 22, 2022
Buttonbush #312; RAB page 979, 173-2-1; AG p. 234; LHB page 928,
Uploaded by molanic
Location: Fairfax, VA | July, 2022
Date: 2022-07-05
Cyanotype. Yes, it's on a photograaphy book.
Location: B. Everett Jordan Dam/lake park Chatham county, North Carolina
Date: 2023-09-25
Bachelor's button #256 and #5 fg; RAB page 1039, 179-24-1; AG p.
Location: Denver Botanic Gardens
Date: 2020-01-28
Location: Jefferson County, Texas
Date: 2016-05-31
#Pollination
Location: Los Angeles Arboretum, Arcadia, California
Date: 2014-05-18
Uploaded by sedumzz
Location: Aberdeen, NC Pages Lake park
Date: August 21, 2023
Buttonbush #312; RAB page 979, 173-2-1; AG p. 234; LHB page 928,
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2016-07-10
Location: Ripley, WV
Date: 2010-07-18
With Spicebush Swallowtail
Location: Brownstown Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-08-20
#Pollination

Date: 2011-08-05
Location: Aberdeen, NC (Pond  edge on Longleaf road) orange tagged
Date: June 11, 2024
Buttonbush #312; RAB page 979, 173-2-1; AG p. 234; LHB page 928,
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2010-08-13
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2017-07-05
Location: Aberdeen, NC Pages Lake park
Date: August 21, 2022
Buttonbush #312; RAB page 979, 173-2-1; AG p. 234; LHB page 928,

Date: 2009-08-25
Credit Alexey Sergeev
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: 2023-07-07
Location: Pinckney Recreation Area, MI
Date: 2014-08-10
Growing wild.
Location: Pinckney Recreation Area, MI
Date: 2014-08-10
Growing wild along the shore.
Uploaded by threegardeners
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2012-08-20
#pollination
Location: Fairfax, Virginia (May 2022)
Date: 2022-05-25
Location: Brownstown Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-07-06
Location: Pedernales falls state park, Johnson city, Texas
Date: 2023-07-05
Location: Saint Augustine, FL
Date: July
Blooming in July in a nature preserve along the FL coast. Directl
Location: Hiking Trail In Fairfax :-)
Location: Brownstown Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-08-20
Location: Fort Worth Nature Center.
Date: Summer 2010
This plant is a must have for the butterfly garden.
Location: Hampton, VA | June, 2022
Location: IL
Date: 2014-06-23
Location: IL
Date: 2015-07-16
In wettest part of rain garden -  with joe pye weed, common milkw
Location: E. Bandera Co., Texas
Date: June 2013
Buttonbush blooming by a creek
Location: Blinky Lee Land Preserve in southeast PA
Date: 2019-01-31
looking at bark inside shrub

Date: 8/17/2013

USFW
Location: Wet area in our yard, near Central Iowa
Date: 2015-09-28
Base of the trunk
Location: Pinckney Recreation Area, MI
Date: 2015-07-18
Growing wild along the shore.
Location: Pinckney Recreation Area, MI
Date: 2015-07-18
Growing wild along the shore.
Location: Pinckney Recreation Area, MI
Date: 2014-08-10
Growing wild.
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2010-08-06
Location: Southmont, NC
Date: 06/20/20
In High Rock Lake at the water's edge.
Location: Los Angeles Arboretum, Arcadia, California
Date: 2014-05-18
Location: Los Angeles Arboretum, Arcadia, California
Date: 2014-05-18
Location: Indiana zone 5
Date: 2015-02-13
covered in snow
Location: Downingtown Pennsylvania
Date: 2020-12-23
large specimen at pond edge
Location: all photos from my garden
Date: 2014-07-25
Uploaded by wormgirl
Location: Wet area in our yard, near Central Iowa
Date: 2015-09-28
Location: Pinckney Recreation Area, MI
Date: 2014-08-10
Growing wild.
Location: Pinckney Recreation Area, MI
Date: 2014-08-10
Growing wild.
Location: Montreal Botanical Garden
Date: 2016-07-04

Photo courtesy of Joy Creek Nursery
  • Uploaded by Joy
Uploaded by threegardeners
Location: Downingtown Pennsylvania
Date: 2020-12-23
trunks and bark
Location: Brownstown Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-07-06
Location: IL
Date: 2018-07-04
Just loaded with blooms and covered with tiny pollinators.
Location: Brownstown Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-08-20
Location: Indiana  Zone 5
Date: 2012-07-25
Location: Morris Arboretum in Philadelphia, PA
Date: 2016-06-15
full-grown shrub in summer near pond
Location: Chesterbrook, Pennsylvania
Date: 2015-09-04
a mass planted in gulley along a parking lot
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-06-01
a wild shrub along a pond
Location: Romeoville, Illinois
Date: 2012-08-20
mature shrub planted at a history museum
Location: in a bog near Indiana Dunes State Park
Date: 2016-07-16
a mature wild plant in bloom
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA
Date: 2014-09-29
the trunks of a very old and big specimen
Location: Blinky Lee Land Preserve in southeast PA
Date: 2019-01-31
a few shrub along a creek
This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
  • Posted by mellielong (Lutz, Florida - Zone 9b) on Apr 17, 2015 8:54 PM concerning plant:
    This plant nearly always grows in wetlands or moist areas. In Florida, that usually means swamps and wetlands, but in West Virginia I've seen it growing right on the edge of a small lake. Wherever I've seen it, it is an absolute butterfly magnet. It attracts the larger Swallowtails, the smaller Skippers, and everything in between. It generally blooms in May in Florida, but when I visited West Virginia it was blooming in July.
  • Posted by mmolyson (Lilburn, GA - Zone 7b) on Jun 22, 2020 9:41 AM concerning plant:
    This wonderful shrub resists most things except beavers. If yours is in a wetland or near a river like mine and you do not have one to spare consider wrapping the trunk with hardware cloth. I lost my only one to the beaver family which was expanding. I certainly don't mind sharing other hardwoods that I have in abundance, but my ONLY buttonbush? That's just mean. They also took one of my two Eastern red cedars, but it is coming back strong from the stump, thank goodness for good root systems!
  • Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on Apr 22, 2012 7:32 PM concerning plant:
    Honey bees get nectar from this plant which produces a light amber honey.
  • Posted by sedumzz (Fairfax VA - Zone 7a) on Dec 8, 2021 2:28 PM concerning plant:
    This shrub grows well near ponds, rivers, and lakes.

    In a garden area these grow up to 4-5 feet tall, but sometimes, without pruning in the wild can end up 6-7-8 feet tall.

    If you find leaves curled over like a burrito, it might be a catepillar. (Pollinator butterfly ones..... I forgot what butterfly the Buttonbush hosted)
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Nov 30, 2017 4:09 PM concerning plant:
    A nice native shrub usually of medium to large size with stout twigs and stems. It has a large range from Southeast Canada and Maine down all through Florida to east Texas up to southern Minnesota; plus some areas in northern Mexico, New Mexico, Arizona, and California; growing in swamps, bogs, along watercourses, along ponds and lakes, and bottomlands in acid or alkaline soils. Grows about 1.5 feet/year. Shallow, fibrous root system and is easy to transplant. Offered by some large, diverse nurseries and native plant nurseries, but not common in most yards or landscapes, unless naturalistic ones or planted in land preserves.
  • Posted by gardengus (Indiana Zone 5b) on Jul 26, 2014 5:27 AM concerning plant:
    Successfully grown from seed using the winter sown method.
    Produced white ''buttons'' 2nd year and is 4 ft tall and covered in blooms this (3rd) year
    Very attractive to butterflies and many other insects.
    I noticed that all the leaves fell within 6 hours after our first frost.
Plant Events from our members
Chillybean On September 26, 2015 Obtained plant
Put in the ground in our wet area.
MunchkinsMom On April 2, 2016 Miscellaneous Event
About 15" tall, leafing out
MunchkinsMom On November 4, 2015 Transplanted
Front Half Moon Area
MunchkinsMom On November 2, 2015 Obtained plant
Dogwooderitternet eBay $5.95 2 1/2" x 3 1/2" Pot 5" or 6" Dormant
piksihk On November 17, 2015 Obtained plant
wildflowers - seeds
WebTucker On August 22, 2022 Bloomed
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