PlantsCichorium→Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Chicory
Give a thumbs up Italian Dandelion
Give a thumbs up Belgian Endive
Give a thumbs up Ragged Sailor
Give a thumbs up Coffeeweed

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 11
Plant Height: 3-4 feet (90-120 cm)
Plant Spread: 16-20 inches (40-50 cm)
Leaves: Unusual foliage color
Other: lance shaped, rough, hairy, when cut produce milky sap
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Blue
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Late summer or early fall
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Dye production
Culinary Herb
Medicinal Herb
Suitable for forage
Edible Parts: Leaves
Eating Methods: Tea
Dynamic Accumulator: K (Potassium)
Ca (Calcium)
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Depth to plant seed: cover the seeds thin
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Other info: Five angled, dark brown, i/8 inch long. About 3000 seeds per plant.
Pollinators: Self
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern

Let 'em Grow:  ChicoryLet 'em Grow: Chicory
By Sharon on June 11, 2012

This is one in a series of very short articles that will hopefully change your mind about some surprisingly good weeds. And even if your mind isn't changed, you'll still be well informed.

(Full article30 comments)
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Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Sep 15, 2016 9:45 PM

According to the legend, a beautiful maiden refused the advances of the sun and as a result she was turned into a chicory flower that has to stare at the sun every day and also fades in the presence of the sun's might.
The flowers open in the morning and usually close by noon.

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Posted by Sharon (Calvert City, KY - Zone 7a) on Dec 3, 2011 12:48 AM

This plant has been used historically both medicinally and as a food. Today chicory, both wild and cultivated, is used primarily as food. Young chicory leaves can be gathered in spring for a salad; older leaves can be cooked in soups, but they have a slightly bitter taste. The dried, roasted, and ground root is often blended with coffee; it gives the brew a pleasantly bitter taste while reducing it as a stimulant, since chicory has no caffeine.

At one time it was used when coffee was not available.

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Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Jan 15, 2012 2:04 PM

Common and pleasant blue (occasional pink or white) wildflower that likes disturbed soil, roadsides, fields, and pastures. Native to Europe.
Used as a medicinal herb, vegetable, and salad plant since ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman eras. Coffee substitute (roots dried, roasted) since the 17th century.

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Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on May 24, 2012 11:56 AM

Honey bees get nectar and white pollen from this plant. The honey is yellow with a greenish tint.

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Posted by vic (North Carolina) on Jan 5, 2014 10:53 AM

Chicory is related to escarole and endive.

If left in the ground, the roots can become invasive.

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Posted by KFredenburg (Black Hills, SD - Zone 5a) on Jun 22, 2020 4:19 PM

Chicory is grown for its roots; ground and roasted, they are added to or substituted for coffee. Young leaves may be used in salads or as a vegetable.

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Plant Events from our members
chelle On November 2, 2014 Harvested
Collected seed.
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Discussion Threads about this plant
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