General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 11
Plant Height: 3-4 feet (90-120 cm)
Plant Spread: 16-20 inches (40-50 cm)
Leaves: Unusual foliage color
Other: lance shaped, rough, hairy, when cut produce milky sap
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Blue
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Summer
Late summer or early fall
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Dye production
Culinary Herb
Medicinal Herb
Suitable for forage
Edible Parts: Leaves
Roots
Eating Methods: Tea
Cooked
Dynamic Accumulator: K (Potassium)
Ca (Calcium)
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Depth to plant seed: cover the seeds thin
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Other info: Five angled, dark brown, i/8 inch long. About 3000 seeds per plant.
Pollinators: Self
Bees
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Image
Common names
  • Chicory
  • Italian Dandelion
  • Ragged Sailor
  • Belgian Endive
  • Coffeeweed

Photo Gallery
Location: Botanical Garden Cologne (Germany)
Date: 2017-08-17
Location: Riverview, Robson, B.C.
Date: 2009-07-31
 9:24 am - Open in the morning, then closed by afternoon.
Location: My garden in Gent, Belgium
Date: 2008-06-30
Photo by Corber
Location: Summerville, SC
Chickory bloom and Halictid bee
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2023-09-06
Location: Gallup Park, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Date: 2013-07-14
Chicory blooms have fascinating stamens that reward a closer look
Location: SE Michigan
Date: 2015-07-25
These are along the roadside nearly everywhere, it seems, in sout
Location: Power County, Idaho, United States
Date: 2021-08-21
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-09
Location: Gent, Belgium
Date: 30th June 2008
Location: Aberdeen, NC (S. Sycamore street)
Date: July 19, 2022
Chicory #280; RAB page 1019, 179-4-1; LHB page 982, 194-1-1, "Old
Location: Shiprock Road, Willow Street, Pennsylvania
Date: 2021-10-10
Location: Road side...Pl. Grove, Utah
Date: 2009-07-11
A pretty weed...nice shades of blue

Photo by darkone
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: 2012-05-31
Stem with flowers and flower buds
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-09
Location: Crete - Imbros Gorge
Date: 2022-05-30
Goat deformed
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2023-09-06
Location: Hiking Trail In Fairfax :-)
Location: Eastern Kentucky
Date: 2011-10-17
Growing wild
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: 2012-05-31
Location: Kentucky
Date: 2018-06-14
Location: Garfield, WA
Date: 2007-03-26
Gorgeous wild Chicory flowers.
Location: Garfield, WA
Date: 2007-01-23
Wild Chicory flowers.

Credit: Bruce Marlin | Own work
Location: New York City Area
Photo by threegardeners
Location: My Gardens
Date: September 24, 2013
Close Up View
Location: Heathcote Ontario Canada
Date: July-August
Cichorium intybus    Everyone liked this invasive weed
Location: SE Michigan
Date: 2015-07-25
These are along the roadside nearly everywhere, it seems, in sout
Photo by Jai_Ganesha
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2023-09-06
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2016-07-12

Photo by Leo Michels
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-09
Location: RHS Hyde Hall, Essex.UK.
Date: 2022-07-25
Location: Garfield, WA
Date: 2007-01-06
Wild Chicory closeup petals and anthers.
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-12-09
Location: Power County, Idaho, United States
Date: 2021-08-21
Location: Power County, Idaho, United States
Date: 2021-08-21
Photo by threegardeners
Location: Jacksonville, TX
Date: 2012-07-27
Location: Fairfax, VA | September 2022
Location: My garden, North Central Idaho
Date: 7-11-2015
Photo by robertduval14
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-09

Courtesy Outsidepride
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Huron County, MI
Date: 2020-07-28
Location: Aberdeen, NC (S. Sycamore street)
Date: July 19, 2022
Chicory #280; RAB page 1019, 179-4-1; LHB page 982, 194-1-1, "Old
Location: Mooresville, NC
Date: 2020-08-05
I found this in a horse pasture at the barn where I work.  Its de
Location: My Gardens
Date: September 24, 2013
Close Up View
Location: My Gardens
Date: September 24, 2013
Close Up View
Location: Tarlton
Location: Tarlton
Date: 2018-06-03
Photo by robertduval14
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: May 2011
Chicory greens are very nutritious and can be added to salads

Date: 2013-02-21

Photo courtesy of Annie's Annuals and Perennials
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Jacksonville, TX
Date: 2012-07-27
Location: Gent, Belgium
Date: 2014-06-20
Along the road, with other wildflowers.
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-09
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-09
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-09
Location: Aberdeen, NC (S. Sycamore street)
Date: July 19, 2022
Chicory #280; RAB page 1019, 179-4-1; LHB page 982, 194-1-1, "Old
Location: Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, California
Date: 2014-01-31
New growth
Location: Mooresville, NC
Date: 2020-08-05
I love the deep blue of the unopened flowers!  I took this about
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-09-29
Location: Skaneateles Conservation Area
photo credit: R. A. Nonenmacher
Photo by wildflowers
Photo by rakami
Location: Gent, Belgium
Date: 11th July 2009

Courtesy Sustainable Seed Company
  • Uploaded by vic

Photo courtesy of Annie's Annuals and Perennials
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Sao Laurenco - Madeira
Date: 2023-04-12
Location: Gent, Belgium
Date: 2014-06-20
Along the road.
Location: My garden, North Central Idaho
Date: 7-11-2015
Location: Gent, Belgium
Date: 2014-06-20
Along the road.
Location: Gent, Belgium
Date: 2014-06-20
Along the road.
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-09
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-09
Location: Tarlton
Date: 2017-09-18
Showing where the seeds are
Location: Tarlton
Date: 2017-09-18
Location: Aberdeen, NC (S. Sycamore street)
Date: July 19, 2022
Chicory #280; RAB page 1019, 179-4-1; LHB page 982, 194-1-1, "Old
Location: Skaneateles Conservation Area
photo credit: R. A. Nonenmacher
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2014-11-05
Leaves mid-stem on mature plant.
Comments:
  • Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Sep 15, 2016 9:45 PM concerning plant:
    According to the legend, a beautiful maiden refused the advances of the sun and as a result she was turned into a chicory flower that has to stare at the sun every day and also fades in the presence of the sun's might.
    The flowers open in the morning and usually close by noon.
  • Posted by vic (North Carolina) on Jan 5, 2014 10:53 AM concerning plant:
    Chicory is related to escarole and endive.

    If left in the ground, the roots can become invasive.
  • Posted by Sharon (Calvert City, KY - Zone 7a) on Dec 3, 2011 12:48 AM concerning plant:
    This plant has been used historically both medicinally and as a food. Today chicory, both wild and cultivated, is used primarily as food. Young chicory leaves can be gathered in spring for a salad; older leaves can be cooked in soups, but they have a slightly bitter taste. The dried, roasted, and ground root is often blended with coffee; it gives the brew a pleasantly bitter taste while reducing it as a stimulant, since chicory has no caffeine.

    At one time it was used when coffee was not available.
  • Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on May 24, 2012 11:56 AM concerning plant:
    Honey bees get nectar and white pollen from this plant. The honey is yellow with a greenish tint.
  • Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Jan 15, 2012 2:04 PM concerning plant:
    Common and pleasant blue (occasional pink or white) wildflower that likes disturbed soil, roadsides, fields, and pastures. Native to Europe.
    Used as a medicinal herb, vegetable, and salad plant since ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman eras. Coffee substitute (roots dried, roasted) since the 17th century.
  • Posted by KFredenburg (Black Hills, SD - Zone 5a) on Jun 22, 2020 4:19 PM concerning plant:
    Chicory is grown for its roots; ground and roasted, they are added to or substituted for coffee. Young leaves may be used in salads or as a vegetable.
Plant Events from our members
chelle On November 2, 2014 Harvested
Collected seed.
paleohunter On September 5, 2022 Seeds sown
WebTucker On July 19, 2022 Bloomed
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
This is a wonderful shot, Myriam by SongofJoy Dec 8, 2012 3:38 PM 4
Gorgeous! by DogsNDaylilies Jul 29, 2022 2:26 PM 1

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