General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Wet
Wet Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9a -6.7 °C (20 °F) to -3.9 °C (25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 11
Plant Height: 16 to 65 feet (5 to 20 m)
Leaves: Evergreen
Other: Narrow, sword-shaped, light green to dark green in color, to 3 feet in length and 1 to 2.5 inches wide.
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Other: 1/4 inch white berries.
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Bog gardening
Uses: Provides winter interest
Erosion control
Shade Tree
Flowering Tree
Medicinal Herb
Edible Parts: Stem
Eating Methods: Cooked
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Fire Resistant
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 6-8 weeks
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil

Common names
  • Cabbage Tree
  • Cabbage Palm
  • Ti Kouka
  • Spikes
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Cordyline australis
  • Synonym: Dracaena nutans

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