Eastern Dogwood (Cornus florida) in the Dogwoods Database

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Eastern Dogwood
Give a thumbs up Flowering Dogwood
Give a thumbs up Dogwood

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Plant Height: mature at 30 feet
Plant Spread: often wider than tall - to 35 feet spread
Leaves: Good fall color
Unusual foliage color
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Flowers: Showy
Other: the white "flowers" are actually bracts surrounding the almost insignificant flowers
Flower Color: White
Other: the true flowers are actually yellow but the showy white bracts are what attracts attention
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Flowering Tree
Will Naturalize
Edible Parts: Fruit
Dynamic Accumulator: P (Phosphorus)
K (Potassium)
Ca (Calcium)
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Propagation: Seeds: Suitable for wintersowing
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Tip
Cuttings: Cane
Other: greenwood cuttings in spring, hardwood cuttings in summer
Pollinators: Various insects
Containers: Not suitable for containers


May Plants for Honey BeesMay Plants for Honey Bees
May 11, 2012

May is the month when late spring blooms are going strong and early summer blooms are getting ready to show off. The living is good for honey bees.

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Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Oct 5, 2011 8:29 AM

Numerous species of birds feed on the red ripe fruit of Dogwood trees, swallowing the entire berry. The seeds inside the fruit are undamaged and softened in the digestive process. They are then passed in bird droppings to be scattered and "planted" many places. Other animals such as squirrels eat and destroy the seeds from the center of the fruit and leave the surrounding meat of the fruit untouched.

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Posted by Sharon (Calvert City, KY - Zone 7a) on Nov 16, 2011 1:24 AM

In older times, as the dogwood began to bloom in spring, it signaled to the Native Americans that it was time to plant corn. They used the dogwood tree medicinally too. The bark was simmered in water and the extract was used to relieve sore and aching muscles. They made a tea of the bark to promote sweating, to relieve fevers. At one time during the Civil War, when quinine was not available, tea from the dogwood tree bark was used to treat malaria.

Those are ancient beliefs and there is no reason now to believe they are true. But there is one fact that I know to be true: when the dogwoods are blooming the fish are biting in Kentucky and Barkley Lakes!

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Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on Apr 1, 2012 2:35 PM

Honey bees get nectar and pollen from this plant.

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Posted by robertduval14 (Mason, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 15, 2013 9:44 PM

North Carolina and Virginia's state flower.

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Posted by Catmint20906 (Maryland - Zone 7a) on Aug 3, 2014 3:23 PM

Cornus florida is a larval host plant for the Spring Azure butterfly.

According to NPIN, this plant has special value to native bees, and supports conservation biological control by attracting beneficial insects to the garden.

Birds are attracted to and feed on its fruit.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
neat shot! by Onewish1 Nov 23, 2012 12:10 PM 3
Planning to start a new Pollinator garden this year? by frostweed Feb 10, 2019 1:03 PM 16
Please help me identify what type of Dogwood these are; thank you in advance! by CindyRR Oct 31, 2018 11:17 PM 7
Dogwood seeds by jimard8 Sep 30, 2018 5:59 AM 5
What kind of tree is this? by Emmajk May 25, 2018 9:39 PM 6
Another unknown common bush - 7b by pdermer1x Apr 22, 2018 9:35 AM 4
Dogwood ID by ElJardineroGringo Apr 18, 2018 10:25 AM 1
Small Tree by courtneyparnell Apr 10, 2018 8:42 PM 4
Dogwood Identification by Tewhano Apr 15, 2018 4:42 AM 19
Kousa Dogwood by ncashe7 Apr 2, 2018 11:50 AM 3
Tree Identification help by DieselVB Mar 3, 2018 8:27 PM 14

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