Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa) in the Dogwoods Database

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Gray Dogwood
Give a thumbs up Northern Swamp Dogwood
Give a thumbs up Panicle Dogwood
Give a thumbs up Grey Dogwood
Give a thumbs up Dogwood

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Moderately alkaline (7.9 – 8.4)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 12 - 36 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Unusual foliage color
Deciduous
Fruit: Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Blooms on old wood
Flower Color: White
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Erosion control
Will Naturalize
Edible Parts: Fruit
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Butterflies
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 30 - 60 days at 41F
Scarify seeds
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Layering
Division
Pollinators: Various insects
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Monoecious

Early Fall Coloration

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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 27, 2017 9:47 PM

I used to sell some Gray Dogwoods at a conventional nursery in northeast Illinois to be used as a screen or in a shrub borders to some customers. In landscapes it is usually about 8 to 12 feet high and wide. It gets bigger in nature and suckers a lot to form a colony. It is native from central Maine to northern Delaware, most of New York and Pennsylvania, areas of West Virginia, lower Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, parts of Missouri, much of Iowa & Minnesota, and southeast Ontario, growing in upland sites of meadows, prairies, forest edges, hilltops, and cliffs. Smooth twigs are tan to red-brown, pith white to brown, and stems with smooth, gray bark. The creamy flower clusters to around 2 inches wide bloom in late May to early June. The white fruit is borne in August-September and is loved by over 100 species of birds. After the fruit is gone, the red peduncle stems that held the fruit are attractive. Shallow, fibrous roots makes it easy to transplant. Grows about 1.5 feet/year overall. It is found only rarely or occasionally planted in yards. It is more likely to be used by landscape architects that know this good shrub at parks, public properties, campuses, etc.

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