Green Hawthorn (Crataegus viridis)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Green Hawthorn
Give a thumbs up Southern thorn
Give a thumbs up Southern Hawthorn

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 20 to 25 feet
Plant Spread: 20 to 35 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Fall
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Flower Time: Spring
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Pollinators: Bees
Various insects
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth
Monoecious

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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 1, 2018 4:18 PM

The Green Hawthorn is native from Maryland & Virginia to Illinois & Iowa to east Texas to Georgia. Its leaves are 1.5 to 3.5 inches long x 3/4 to 2.5 inches wide, shallowly lobed, lustrous medium green that turn orange to red in autumn. It bears thorns about 1.5 inches long, but not many of them. The flowers are white with yellow anthers borne in 2 inch wide corymb clusters in May. The fruit is red and get to 1/3 inch in diameter. The bark is handsome being smooth gray and then eventually bon the trunk becoming exfoliating to expose an orange-brown inner bark. The straight species is not used in landscaping, but there is a cultivar named 'Winter King' that is becoming the most commonly planted hawthorn in the East and Midwestern US that has larger fruit.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Thorn Trees by daraenodia Dec 23, 2015 12:22 PM 5
Green Hawthorn (Crataegus viridis) by Horntoad Mar 20, 2012 8:51 AM 3

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