General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Fern
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Full Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 7a -17.8 °C (0 °F) to -15 °C (5 °F)
Plant Height: 1 1/2 to 2 feet
Plant Spread: 2 to 3 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Underground structures: Rhizome
Suitable Locations: Houseplant
Uses: Groundcover
Will Naturalize
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Pollinators: Wind
Containers: Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth
Awards and Recognitions: Other: UC Davis Arboretum All Star

Common names
  • Japanese Holly Fern
  • Holly Fern
  • Japanese Netvein Holly Fern

Photo Gallery
Uploaded by Hamwild
Location: Orange County, California
Date: 2023-03-04
Location: San Antonio, Texas
Date: 2022-04-03
Location: Zilker Botanical Garden, Austin, Texas
Date: 2022-04-05
Location: Sugar Mill Gardens, Port Orange, Florida
Date: 2013-01-18
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Boyd House garden)
Date: June 18, 2023
Holly House Fern # 241 nn; LHB p. 876, 6-20-1, "Greek name for a
Location: Zilker Botanical Garden, Austin, Texas
Date: 2022-04-05
Location: NYBG 
Date: June 14 22

Date: 2022-09-06

Date: 2015-12-21

Date: 2018-04-12
A little chlorotic. Adding Espoma soil acidifier around the fern
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2014-08-06
Location: Middle TN
Date: November 1, 2017
Planted in ground about a year ago.
Location: Wilmington, North Carolina
Date: 2017-02-16
two plants planted in a garden
Location: Wilmington, North Carolina
Date: 2017-02-16
close-up of foliage
Location: Middle TN
Date: March 2, 2018
First noticed emerging February 26, 2018 after unusually brutal T
Location: Ft Worth Botanic, Tx
Date: 2017-11-18
Location: Copenhagen Botanical Garden, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Location: Ft Worth Botanic, Tx
Date: 2017-11-18
     Japanese Garden
Location: Ft Worth Botanic, Tx
Date: 2017-11-18
     Japanese Garden
Location: Sydney Australia
Date: 2019-09-21
  • Posted by JuniperAnn (Coastal TX (Sunset 28/31) - Zone 9a) on Apr 26, 2019 3:25 PM concerning plant:
    Such a nice low-care plant. Evergreen in most winters here (all winters if grown near a house wall). Tolerates moderate drought, clay soil, poorly-drained soil, and even a few days of flooding. Shiny green foliage. Part or full shade, moist or dry. Does tend to struggle the first year it's planted, but then it bucks up. Makes baby plants at a moderate pace, which is nice for filling in, but you'll eventually have to thin. A relative grows this as a low-care hedge in front of low windows, and it works very nicely for that purpose. She has to dig up and pass along several baby plants every year, but she has a nice thick evergreen hedge with no trimming, so I think it's a good trade-off.
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on May 2, 2022 9:05 AM concerning plant:
    I first saw some of this species planted occasionally in the area of Wilmington, North Carolina and I saw some in southern Florida. It is pretty, but I did not touch it, assuming it is prickly. It is a slow growing plant. It has been listed as being an invasive Asian plant species in North Carolina. Reistant to heavy shade, deer, and rabbits. Native to East Asia down to Vietnam.
Plant Events from our members
WebTucker On June 17, 2023 Obtained plant
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Discussion Threads about this plant
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id by Hamwild Apr 10, 2022 2:44 PM 3

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