White Trout-Lily (Erythronium albidum) in the Erythroniums Database

Common names:
Give a thumbs up White Trout-Lily
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 3 - 6 inches
Plant Spread: 3 - 6 inches
Leaves: Unusual foliage color
Spring ephemeral
Other: Leaves can be cooked as a leaf vegetable.
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Underground structures: Bulb
Uses: Groundcover
Will Naturalize
Resistances: Tolerates dry shade
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: Seeds need alternating periods of warm and cold stratification to germinate
Can handle transplanting
Seeds are hydrophilic
Propagation: Other methods: Stolons and runners
Pollinators: Various insects

My Plant

The 2014 All Things Plants Top 25 Summer Bulbs and TubersThe 2014 All Things Plants Top 25 Summer Bulbs and Tubers
May 17, 2014

What a fun and diverse group of plants! Come on in and check out the report of the top 25 most active summer bulbs and tuber entries in our plants database. You will be surprised at some of the plants that made the list!

(Full article4 comments)
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Posted by wildflowers (North East Texas - Zone 7b) on Dec 5, 2011 10:42 AM

The flowers bloom from just mid-March until mid-April. White Trout Lily is a very special woodland plant that usually blooms a little earlier than other spring flowers, although, immature plants that don't bloom always out-number mature plants.. Trout lily bulbs produce just one leaf in the first 6 years, then 2 leaves, a scape-stem, and finally a flower in the 7th year. White Trout Lily can produce large colonies of plants if it is left undisturbed for several decades. Both the flowers and mottled foliage are attractive. The flowers are primarily pollinated by both long-tongued and short-tongued bees; for nectar and pollen.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
WTD: native spring ephemerals and... by UrbanWild Aug 20, 2019 11:48 PM 3
Unknown wild forest flower of Illinois by mlwisdom2727 Apr 10, 2019 2:42 PM 2
Starting Spring ephemerals in Kentucky by UrbanWild Jan 17, 2019 5:11 PM 2
recalcitrant and semi-recalcitrant* seeds by Leftwood Dec 3, 2019 6:57 AM 19
Some sort of Erythronium?? by sherrilosee Apr 30, 2013 8:56 AM 2

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