General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 6a -23.3 °C (-10 °F) to -20.6 °C (-5 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 10b
Plant Height: 30-50 cm (12 inches - 20 inches)
Plant Spread: 20-25 cm (8 inches - 10 inches)
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Orange
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Summer
Late summer or early fall
Fall
Late fall or early winter
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Medicinal Herb
Cut Flower
Suitable as Annual
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Depth to plant seed: cover the seeds thin
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Pollinators: Bees
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil

Image
Common names
  • California Poppy
  • Californian Poppy
  • California Gold Poppy
  • California Sunlight
  • Cup of Gold

Photo Gallery
Uploaded by Judith2018
Location: Blenheim New Zealand
Date: 2015-11-19
Location: CA
Date: March 2020
Location: CA
Date: March 2020

Date: 2009-03-23
Location: IL
Date: 2011-10-23
#Pollination   Oct. 23 - A good late season bloomer for bees.
Location: Tampa Bay, Florida 
Date: 2021-03-08
Location: Mission San Juan Capistrano, Orange County, California
Date: 2019-04-07
Location: Santa Clara
Date: 2014-04-03
from my yard when I lived there 7 years ago
Location: New Mexico
Maurce J. Kaufmann http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/
Location: Cedarhome, Washington
Date: 2012-06-24

Date: c. 1878
illustration by Macfarlane from 'The Florist and Pomologist', 187
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2014-07-06

Photo courtesy of Annie's Annuals and Perennials
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens
Date: Sep 28, 2011 1:19 PM
Location: Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney,  N.S.W., Australia
Date: 2012-10-26
Location: Atlanta GA
Date: 2021-04-16
California poppy, April 156, 2021
Location: IL
Date: 2010-06-13
Location: South Jordan, Utah, United States
Date: 2018-05-23

Date: 2003-05-04
Photo courtesy of: Vsion
Location: RHS Harlow Carr, Yorkshire, UK
Date: 2017-06-17
In the kitchen garden
Location: Historic Sarah's Garden at the David Davis mansion, Bloomington, Illinois
Date: 2012-06-16
Location: Decatur, GA
Date: 2020-05-18
Eschscholzia californica, 2020-05-18.  This plant was from seed s
Location: Sandy, Utah, United States
Date: 2023-08-12
Location: Hamilton Square Garden, Historic City Cemetery, Sacramento CA.
Date: 2018-04-05
Location: Lancaster, California
Location: Mountains of northern California
Date: May 03, 2018
Location: My Cincinnati Ohio garden
Date: June 2012
A clump of volunteer California poppies
Uploaded by Jai_Ganesha
Location: Coastal San Diego County 
Date: 2018-03-28
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2010-04-18
Location: Blenheim New Zealand
Date: 2020-10-06
growing wild
Location: Tarlton, OH
Date: 2017-09-11
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-19
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-19
Uploaded by dave
Location: Prescott, AZ
Date: 2017-05-01
California Poppies Dress the Bare Bases of Climbing Roses
Location: Athol, MA
Date: 2017-08-20
Uploaded by Jai_Ganesha
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2013-06-29

Courtesy Sustainable Seed Company
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Southern Pines, NC
Date: May 29, 2022
California poppy #202 and #54 nn; RAB page 481, 85-3-1; LHB p. 42
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2012-06-11
Note seed capsule behind bloom.
Location: Orange County, California
Date: 2020-02-29
Location: Mountains of northern California
May 05, 2018
Location: Mountains of northern California
Date: May 05, 2018
Location: Mountains of northern California
Date: May 05, 2018
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2010-05-31
Spring plants from seed sown in Autumn.
Location: Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, California
Date: 2012-03-25
Coastal California form is yellow
Location: Hamilton Square Garden, Historic City Cemetery, Sacramento CA.
Date: 2018-01-22
Very unusual/atypical foliage grows the same every year.
Uploaded by Newyorkrita
Location: Athol, MA
Date: 2017-07-24

Date: 2009-03-29
Location: Garland (Dallas), TX
Date: 2015-04-30
Location: Riverside, CA
Date: 2015-03-30
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-19
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2013-07-07
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2014-08-23

This species was introduced to Chile and grows wild in a great po

Date: 2011-03-30
Photo courtesy of: Thomas
Location: Mountains of northern California
Date: May 28, 2018
Location: Athol, MA
Date: 2017-06-28
Location: Chelsea flower Show England
Date: 2002  summer
Eschscholzia californica  Blooms
Location: central Illinois
Date: 7-5-06
Location: Lenore, ID

Date: 2017-02-19
First California poppy bloom opening up
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-06-17

Date: May
Credit: Shizhao
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2016-08-04

Date: 2009-03-28
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2009-07-26
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-19
Location: Whitesboro, NY (Utica area)
Date: 2018-07-19
Location: Kalama, Wa
Date: 2011-07-10
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2014-08-27
Location: Mountains of northern California
Date: May 03, 2018
Location: Mountains of northern California
Date: May 03, 2018
Uploaded by Newyorkrita
Location: Point Mugu State Park, California
Date: 2014-03-14
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-02-17

photo credit: H. Zell
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2014-08-23
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2014-08-23
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2013-06-28
Location: My front garden in Welland, Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-08-27
Close-up For detail

Courtesy Sustainable Seed Company
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Athol, MA
Date: 2017-07-02
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2011-07-21
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2014-07-06
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2010-04-18
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2014-07-06
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2014-07-06
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2014-07-06
Location: Southern Pines, NC 
Date: May 29, 2022
California poppy #202 and #54 nn; RAB page 481, 85-3-1; LHB p. 42
Uploaded by Mutisia
Location: Boone County Kentucky
Date: 2017-07-10

Photo Credit: NPS/Keir Morse
Uploaded by bennysplace
Location: Coastal San Diego County 
Date: 2017-04-05
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2011-06-15
Location: Powell Butte, OR
Date: Summer
Uploaded by Newyorkrita
Location: Heathcote Ontario Canada
Date: 2004
Eschscholzia californica   seedpods
Location: Wester wallflower and poppies on Mount Diablo Bald Ridge Trail
Photo courtesy of: Miguel Vieira

credit: Rennett Stowe

Date: 2016-01-30
Location: Central Texas
Date: 2016-04-09
Location: Bloomington, Illinois
Date: 2012-06-16
At the David Davis Mansion, in the historic Sarah's Garden, Bloom
Location: central Illinois
Date: summer 2009
Uploaded by Newyorkrita

photo credit: H. Zell

photo credit: H. Zell
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2013-07-07
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2014-08-23
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Comments:
  • Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on May 4, 2012 5:31 PM concerning plant:
    Honey bees get nectar and pollen from this plant.
  • Posted by Newyorkrita (North Shore, Long Island, NY ) on Oct 4, 2011 2:42 PM concerning plant:
    While an annual, California poppies reseed each year here in my garden so I have never had to replant them since I started seeds one spring and planted. My plants mostly bloom in a golden yellow color with some deeper and lighter gold blooms thrown in. I also have some off white ones. If there is enough rain they will start blooming in the spring and bloom non stop into the fall. If it is drier, they stop in mid summer and start blooming again come fall.
  • Posted by BookerC1 (Mackinaw, IL - Zone 5a) on Jun 18, 2012 8:34 AM concerning plant:
    These blooms open in the morning when the sun rises, and shine brightly all day. When the sun goes down, the petals close up for the night.
  • Posted by Bonehead (Planet Earth - Zone 8b) on Mar 22, 2014 10:22 PM concerning plant:
    Native in the Pacific NW, from British Columbia to California, east to Arizona and New Mexico. Sometimes found in the median strip of the freeway, which is quite lovely. I wish the State would do more native wildflower plantings along roadsides. The genus is named for Johann Frederic Eschscholtz, a Russian scientist who visited California in 1816.
  • Posted by kqcrna (Valencia, Pa - Zone 6a) on Nov 8, 2012 7:10 AM concerning plant:
    I generally don't deadhead, and continue to find a few volunteers each year. They tolerate heat and drought well, and are very resilient. They also wintersow well.
  • Posted by robertduval14 (Milford, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 20, 2013 9:21 AM concerning plant:
    The state flower of California.
Plant Events from our members
chelle On March 20, 2015 Seeds sown
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Thai Silk Appleblossom Bush - older seed

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chelle On March 19, 2015 Seeds sown
South to West Ash tree bed
Lily bed with fence, and on toward crabapple
Rock sculpture bed
piksihk On March 1, 2018 Bloomed
Wildflower pack
piksihk On June 21, 2014 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
dragonfetti On March 16, 2015 Bloomed
Many full of flowers.
dragonfetti On November 22, 2014 Obtained plant
Always some growing but the spring is of course the best time as they are all through the front yard. My husband's favorite flower.
lovesblooms On March 10, 2018 Seeds sown
direct
lovesblooms On May 11, 2015 Seeds sown
direct
vanillabright On March 11, 2016 Plant emerged
WebTucker On June 3, 2022 Bloomed
WebTucker On May 29, 2022 Bloomed
Flowerlover6 On October 19, 2022 Seeds sown
dnrevel On February 26, 2023 Seeds sown
Planted in a medium size pot and put in the greenhouse. Seeds from Happy Green Shop.
Retro67 On May 7, 2024 Seeds sown
Sewn at southwest corner of house. Behind mint.
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