General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 15 - 20 feet
Plant Spread: 15 - 20
Leaves: Good fall color
Deciduous
Fruit: Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: White
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 3 months in moist sand at 40F
Needs specific temperature: 70-85F
Days to germinate: 8 weeks
Depth to plant seed: Barely cover with sand.
Suitable for wintersowing
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Other info: Plant seedlings in 1 gallon pots after sprouting. Plant out after last frost. Space 6-10 feet apart.
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Pollinators: Various insects

Image
Common names
  • Burning Bush
  • Winged Euonymus
  • Winged Spindle
  • Winged Spindle Tree
  • Cork Bush

Photo Gallery
Location: My garden in Bark River, MI
Date: 2017-12-14
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2011-12-01
Photo by Hamwild
Location: Cedarhome, Washington
Date: 2008-12-13
Berries peaking through the snow
Location: Bea’s garden
Date: 2021
Location: southeast Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-10-20
full-grown shrub in backyard in fall
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2017-11-17
Photo by Hamwild
Location: West Jefferson, North Carolina
Date: 2022-10-29
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2020-05-09
Location: Hiking Trail In Fairfax :-)
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2013-12-13
Location: Bea’s garden
Date: 2023-05-20
Location: Cedarhome, Washington
Date: 2009-10-18
Location: Friend's Garden, Michigan
Date: 2008-10-18

Date: 2013-09-17
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2013-11-27
Location: N. Illinois, zone 5b
Location: N. Illinois, zone 5b
Date: Mid-October
Foliage in process of autumn turning
Location: Friend's Garden, Michigan
Date: 2008-10-18
Location: Friend's Garden, Michigan
Date: 2008-10-18
Location: in Seiwa-en, part of the Missouri Botanical Garden
Date: Fall, 2001
Euonymus alatus
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2016-12-06
very late fall color
Location: Chapel Front
Date: 2014-10-16
Full Fall Color
Location: central Illinois
Date: Nov 2013
Location: West Jefferson, North Carolina
Date: 2022-10-07
Location: West Jefferson, North Carolina
Date: 2022-10-07
Location: West Jefferson, North Carolina
Date: 2022-10-07
Location: At the Oklahoma City National Memorial
Date: 10-22-2019
Burning Bush (Euonymus alatus) in OkC 001
Location: Newtown Square, Pennsylvania
Date: 2011-08-05
mature shrub that has been pruned down at times
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2011-10-09
Fall
Location: At the Oklahoma City National Memorial
Date: 10-22-2019
Burning Bush (Euonymus alatus) in OkC 002
Location: West Chester, Pennsylvania
Date: 2011-05-10
a row of shrubs as a screen
Location: At the Oklahoma City National Memorial
Date: 10-22-2019
Burning Bush (Euonymus alatus) in OkC 003
Location: West Chester, Pennsylvania
Date: 2011-05-10
yellowish little flowers and leaves
Location: At the Oklahoma City National Memorial
Date: 10-22-2019
Burning Bush (Euonymus alatus) in OkC 004
Location: West border
Date: June 2015
Location: Ecological Botanical Garden of the University of Bayreuth
Date: July
photo by El Grafo
Location: Washington
Date: 2016-09-23
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2014-09-28
A sculpted Burning Bush
Location: Friend's Garden, Michigan
Date: 2008-10-18
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2011-10-08
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2014-11-05

Date: May
credit: John Cameron
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2011-10-09
Fall
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2011-10-09
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2013-10-25
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2013-10-25
Good example of alata, the specific epithet ,which means 'winged'
Location: Osaka Prefectural Flower Garden, Osaka, Japan.
Date: November 12, 2010
Photo by KENPEI
Location: Osaka Prefectural Flower Garden, Osaka, Japan.
Date: November 12, 2010
Photo by KENPEI
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2014-11-01
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2009-03-28
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2014-10-01
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2014-10-11
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-02-02
dormant over winter
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-02-17
Location: central Illinois
Date: April 2012
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2013-10-19
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-02-17
Pretty bare in winter.
This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
  • Posted by robertduval14 (Milford, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Mar 29, 2014 3:09 PM concerning plant:
    The USDA and the U.S. Forest Service list the plant as invasive and a threat to mature forests and successional fields and woodlands because it out-competes native species.

    It is illegal to plant these in New Hampshire, though I know people do it all the time, because too many people only care about invasives if it's something they, personally, don't want growing in their area.
  • Posted by jathton (Oklahoma City, OK - Zone 7a) on Oct 25, 2019 4:19 PM concerning plant:
    There are evidently lots of reasons to NOT plant Burning Bush if you live in Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, NYC and other points east. But living on the Southern Great Plains often gives gardeners a perspective they would not otherwise have. Burning Bush out here on the plains:
    ... adapts to a wide range of soil conditions
    ... tolerates moist and dry sites
    ... has no serious insect and/or disease problems
    ... is easy to transplant
    ... tolerates our blazing hot full sun in summers
    ... and provides a degree of red fall color seldom seen on shrubs on the Great Plains.
    So, while others will condemn it as largely valueless, I'll hold with Michael Dirr's opinion that Burning Bush is one of the great aesthetic and functional shrubs available for American gardens.
    Oh yes, pruned up it makes a beautiful multi-stemmed small shrub or tree for containers.
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Oct 11, 2018 8:22 AM concerning plant:
    This Winged Euonymus Burningbush is abundantly planted all around the Midwest, Mid-Atlantic, Northeast, and upper South of the USA, sold at most every conventional nursery, where it is referred to as the standard shrub rather than the compact variety that is even more commonly planted. It is native to northeast Asia. It is a good quality, neat , clean, large shrub that has handsome foliage and red fall color, (pink in shade). Its winged twigs are handsome that range from slightly winged to very winged, depending. It develops a very dense, powerful, fibrous root system, so that one can't plant some other kind of plants close to it after it is mature. It develops very dense foliage, so that many use it for a dense screen or sheared hedge. Unfortunately its orange seeds are eaten by some birds and deposited out in the wild where it has become an invasive Asian plant in or along woods in eastern North America. When I go out and attack invasive Eurasian plants in the wild to aid the native plants, this is one of the common ones that I take out. I consider this shrub as over-used and I wish for more variety in landscapes.
  • Posted by Bonehead (Planet Earth - Zone 8b) on Oct 12, 2013 11:00 AM concerning plant:
    Neat habit which doesn't require any pruning, bright green foliage in spring, white flowers, leaves turn a rich red in fall, and orange berries hold on all winter. Excellent low-maintenance four-season shrub.

    This is not listed as an invasive plant in Washington, but rather appears to be more of a problem on the east coast. One should, however, be mindful of its potential to escape on the west coast as well. This plant is a mainstay of parking strip plantings, although they tend to get pruned often and severely so likely do not bear as much fruit as they would if left to their natural growth habit. I presume they spread through bird droppings, as they don't appear to sucker. I have never run across one wild in the PNW, nor had unwanted seedlings appear (I have 3 shrubs).

    As a side note, this plant has been over-used to the point that my landscape son refers to it as "you wanna miss" that one..
  • Posted by bxncbx (NYC - Zone 7a) on Oct 4, 2016 9:11 AM concerning plant:
    Considered invasive (or potentially invasive) in the following states: CT, GA, IL, IN, KY, MA, NC, NH, SC, TN, WV. Also the District of Columbia (DC).

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