General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 12 to 20 feet (3.5-6m)
Plant Spread: 15 to 25 feet (4.6-7.6m)
Leaves: Good fall color
Fruit: Showy
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Late fall or early winter
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Purple
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Roots are poisonous
Fruit is poisonous
Pollinators: Various insects

Common names
  • Eastern Wahoo
  • Burning Bush
  • Indian Arrow Wood
  • Spindle Tree

  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 2, 2017 5:47 PM concerning plant:
    Unfortunately, I've only seen four specimens of this species so far. Jenkins Arboretum in southeast PA has a nice, big one mostly in full sun with two younger ones next to it. Morton Arboretum in northeast IL has one in the Appalachian Collection in mostly shade and it is a young shrub still in 2018. This is one of those woody plants that can be a small tree or large shrub. It is usually about 10 to 18 feet high, but can get to 35 feet in some blessed site. It has pretty foliage that gets a pink or red fall color and the three to four chambered fleshy capsules are awesome. (The European Spindletree Euonymus is similar, but I would rather stay with a native plant that would be more beneficial to native wildlife and not possibly go crazy being invasive.) The Wahoo's native range is from western New York down to northern Virginia to northern Alabama to central Oklahoma up to central Minnesota. It covers all MO, IL, IN, OH, & KY. It grows about 1.5 feet/year and lives over 100 years to about 150 years. It grows in average to moist soils with a pH of around 6.5 to 7.5. Some large, diverse, conventional nurseries and native plant or specialty nurseries grow some. Like other Euonymus, it can be picked on by the white-shelled Euonymus Scale insects.
  • Posted by sallyg (central Maryland - Zone 7b) on Mar 30, 2020 8:22 PM concerning plant:
    My specimen is about ten years old, in a shrubby, mostly upright shape. It makes a lot of stray roots in my sandy-loam soil, with suckers coming up every few feet; that makes it easy to share. In fact, I got mine in a box from another gardener in Tennessee. The Illinois wildflower site lists a number of insects that use the flowers or foliage, but says birds are not that fond of the fruit. Fall leaf color is nice.

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