PlantsEuonymus→Eastern Wahoo (Euonymus atropurpureus)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Eastern Wahoo
Give a thumbs up Burning Bush
Give a thumbs up Indian Arrow Wood
Give a thumbs up Spindle Tree

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 12 to 20 feet (3.5-6m)
Plant Spread: 15 to 25 feet (4.6-7.6m)
Leaves: Good fall color
Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Fall
Late fall or early winter
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Purple
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Roots are poisonous
Fruit is poisonous
Pollinators: Various insects

the fruit in October

Photo gallery:
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PADate: 2014-10-26the fruit in October
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-10-21close-up of fruits
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Millersville MDDate: 2019-05-30Loaded with flowers this year, May 29, 2019
By sallyg
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-12-13shrub in fruit
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-12-13fruits on branch
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PADate: 2012-10-21red fall color on top leaves
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PADate: 2011-12-18the fruit in December
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PADate: 2014-06-22the flowers
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PADate: 2014-06-22the specimen in summer
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-12-13shrub in fruit
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PADate: 2012-06-10the shrub-tree in summer
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PADate: 2012-06-10the plant base
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PADate: 2012-06-10the summer foliage
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PADate: 2012-10-21the specimen with fall color on top
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PADate: 2011-12-18the specimen in winter
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2019-06-09little brown-red flowers and leaves
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2019-06-09three shrubs together
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2019-06-09foliage above
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2019-06-09trunks of biggest tree-shrub
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2019-06-09trunks of biggest tree-shrub
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up

Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 2, 2017 5:47 PM

Unfortunately, I've only seen four specimens of this species so far. Jenkins Arboretum in southeast PA has a nice, big one mostly in full sun with two younger ones next to it. Morton Arboretum in northeast IL has one in the Appalachian Collection in mostly shade and it is a young shrub still in 2018. This is one of those woody plants that can be a small tree or large shrub. It is usually about 10 to 18 feet high, but can get to 35 feet in some blessed site. It has pretty foliage that gets a pink or red fall color and the three to four chambered fleshy capsules are awesome. (The European Spindletree Euonymus is similar, but I would rather stay with a native plant that would be more beneficial to native wildlife and not possibly go crazy being invasive.) The Wahoo's native range is from western New York down to northern Virginia to northern Alabama to central Oklahoma up to central Minnesota. It covers all MO, IL, IN, OH, & KY. It grows about 1.5 feet/year and lives over 100 years to about 150 years. It grows in average to moist soils with a pH of around 6.5 to 7.5. Some large, diverse, conventional nurseries and native plant or specialty nurseries grow some. Like other Euonymus, it can be picked on by the white-shelled Euonymus Scale insects.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Posted by sallyg (central Maryland) on Mar 30, 2020 8:22 PM

My specimen is about ten years old, in a shrubby, mostly upright shape. It makes a lot of stray roots in my sandy-loam soil, with suckers coming up every few feet; that makes it easy to share. In fact, I got mine in a box from another gardener in Tennessee. The Illinois wildflower site lists a number of insects that use the flowers or foliage, but says birds are not that fond of the fruit. Fall leaf color is nice.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Plant with neon stems and a spindle tree? by RookiePresent Oct 19, 2020 4:28 PM 7
What tree is this? by Trailwalker May 10, 2020 2:53 PM 8
what's this... tree? by alex1992ccc Aug 24, 2018 10:30 AM 20
plant with spherical flower by Muddy1 Jul 10, 2017 8:08 AM 2
Yardening in the Mid-Atlantic by Eric4home Apr 10, 2021 2:02 PM 3,876

« Add a new plant to the database

« The Plants Database Front Page

Today's site banner is by dirtdorphins and is called "Kleine Ballerina"

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.