Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) in the Euphorbias Database

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9b -3.9 °C (25 °F) to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
Plant Height: Up to 10 feet or more
Leaves: Evergreen
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Other: What looks like a flower on this plant is actually the colorful bracts
Flower Color: Pink
Red
White
Other: Coral
Flower Time: Winter
Uses: Provides winter interest
Flowering Tree
Suitable as Annual
Dynamic Accumulator: B (Boron)
Toxicity: Other: All members of the genus Euphorbia produce a milky sap called latex that is toxic and can range from a mild irritant to very poisonous.
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Containers: Needs excellent drainage in pots

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The History of the PoinsettiaThe History of the Poinsettia
December 6, 2011

Few plants are as closely associated with any holiday the way the poinsettia is with Christmas. It's an intriguing plant with an interesting history.

(Full article44 comments)
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Photo gallery:
Date: 2014-01-10
By Paul2032
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Date: 2004-11-26
By Fleur569
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Location: My gardenDate: 2019-01-05
By piksihk
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Location: My terrace garden, Jamshedpur- IndiaDate: 2019-01-20
By queen1694
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Location: Sunriver Nursery, Orem, UtahDate: 2011-12-03
By Paul2032
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Date: 2012-11-19
By Paul2032
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Date: 2012-11-28
By Paul2032
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Location: My houseDate: 2012-12-08The yellow-green structures in the center are the true buds and t
By SongofJoy
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Date: 2014-12-03
By Paul2032
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Date: 2014-12-29
By Paul2032
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Date: 2015-11-30
By Paul2032
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Location: central Illinois-Washington Park Botanical Garden -Springfield, Il.Date: 2015-12-05
By jmorth
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Date: 2004-11-26
By Fleur569
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Date: 2011-11-26
By Paul2032
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Location: My gardenDate: 2019-01-05
By piksihk
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Location: Sunriver Nursery, Orem, UtahDate: 2011-12-03
By Paul2032
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Date: 2012-11-19
By Paul2032
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Location: central Illinois-Washington Park Botanical Garden -Springfield, Il.Date: 2015-12-05
By jmorth
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Location: Enchanted forestDate: 2017-11-18Jingle bells
By piksihk
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Date: 2004-11-26
By Fleur569
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2018-12-02Yellow Poinsettia 010
By dawiz1753
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Date: 2011-11-26
By Paul2032
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Date: 2011-11-26
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Date: 2011-12-22
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Date: 2012-11-19
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Date: 2012-11-19
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Date: 2012-11-23
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Date: 2012-11-28
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Date: 2014-01-10
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Location: San Diego County Fair, Del Mar, CaliforniaDate: 2010-06-18
By Kelli
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Date: 2014-12-03
By Paul2032
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Date: 2014-12-03
By Paul2032
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Date: 2014-01-10
By Paul2032
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Date: 2014-01-10
By Paul2032
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Date: 2014-01-10
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Date: 2014-12-29
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Date: 2014-12-29
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Date: 2015-01-10
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Date: 2014-12-29
By Paul2032
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Location: Conservatory, Longwood Gardens, Christmas 2014Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
By admin
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Date: 2015-11-30
By Paul2032
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Date: 2015-11-30
By Paul2032
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Date: 2015-11-30
By Paul2032
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Date: 2015-11-30
By Paul2032
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Location: central Illinois-Washington Park Botanical Garden -Springfield, Il.Date: 2015-12-05
By jmorth
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Location: central Illinois-Washington Park Botanical Garden -Springfield, Il.Date: 2015-12-05
By jmorth
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Location: central Illinois-Washington Park Botanical Garden -Springfield, Il.Date: 2015-12-05
By jmorth
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By ardesia
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Date: 2015-12-06
By 5601Lisa
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Location: my garden Date: 2016-12-29
By piksihk
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2017-11-30Poinsettia Centerpiece 001
By dawiz1753
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2017-11-30Poinsettia Bloom 001
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2017-11-30Christmas Poinsettia Display 002
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Location: Canoga Park, CaliforniaDate: 2011-12-31Plants grown outdoors have smaller bracts
By Kelli
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Location: white bractPhoto courtesy of:  Tauʻolunga
By admin
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Location: red bractPhoto courtesy of:  Tauʻolunga
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Date: 2009-02-27USDA
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Location: central Illinois-Washington Park Botanical Garden -Springfield, Il.Date: 2015-12-05
By jmorth
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Comments:
Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Oct 9, 2011 2:28 PM

The Christmas Poinsettia is native to Mexico and has become one of the most popular plants on display during the Christmas holiday season. This shrub can attain heights of 10' when planted in the ground in tropical climates. It has dark green 3" to 6" pointed leaves. Tiny yellow flowers are grouped within the center of each cluster of leaves. This plant requires bright sun for most of the day but to produce the colorful bracts (which are actually modified leaves) it must receive approximately 10 to 12 hours of darkness for a 5 - 7 day period for the leaves to change color.

The Christmas Poinsettia was introduced to gardeners in the early 19th century and was named after Dr. J.R. Poinsett. The name pulcherrima translates to "Most Beautiful" and these plants are indeed most beautiful with their vivid cheerful color during the holiday season. We're all familiar with the red version that has been on the market for many years and now they come in colors of not only red, but white, pink, coral and even red and white stripes!

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Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Dec 4, 2011 3:18 PM

To propagate, you can take woody stem cuttings about 18 inches high, place in rich soil, and keep moist, but not wet, for several weeks. Do this early enough in the summer that you don’t risk frost damage to the young cuttings, or you can bring them inside if cuttings are taken later in the year. They are fast-growing; the standard pot-size poinsettias sold in stores around Christmas are forcibly small and they will grow many feet tall when planted outdoors in a favorable climate.

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Posted by BonniePega (VA) on Jan 3, 2020 8:38 AM

Are poinsettias poisonous?
There is an urban legend that says poinsettias are highly toxic, but according to POISINDEX (the primary source used by Poison Control Centers), a 50-pound child would actually have to eat around 500 leaves to have a toxic reaction. It's still best to discourage pets and children from tasting it as it can cause nausea and diarrhea. If you have sensitive skin or a latex allergy, however, the sap can cause contact dermatitis.

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Plant Events from our members
piksihk On December 16, 2018 Obtained plant
Sharon gave me one and someone left a red one on front porch
piksihk On April 16, 2018 Transplanted
HW
piksihk On December 9, 2017 Obtained plant
MG Christmas party; planted in ground
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Christmas poinsettia flowers by SongofJoy Dec 9, 2012 7:22 AM 0
Imaage move by Baja_Costero Sep 30, 2019 2:53 PM 0
Image move by Baja_Costero Sep 30, 2019 2:55 PM 0
Help! in identifying plant shown in picture. by RookRobbery Dec 24, 2019 2:48 AM 1
Reblooming poinsettias by lludd Dec 17, 2019 1:42 PM 11
Help with identification! by queen1694 Jan 20, 2019 3:47 PM 10
What weed is this and is it poisonous? by Spipy Sep 27, 2018 9:53 AM 9
Taking care of a neighbour's plants and not all is well... by Babysprout Jun 28, 2018 12:22 PM 5
Please help ID this by PlantTanzania Mar 10, 2018 5:54 AM 8
Name of the plant by chhari55 Jan 24, 2018 2:31 PM 8
Floral Alphabet Soup!! E .... eh? by KatEnns Jan 15, 2018 8:24 AM 41
mystery plant by AgaPor Jan 1, 2018 11:33 AM 4
Euphorbia pulcherrima EURZ0003 Venus Hot Pink by csandt Nov 26, 2017 6:09 PM 2

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