PlantsFagus→European Beech (Fagus sylvatica)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up European Beech
Give a thumbs up Common Beech
Give a thumbs up Beech

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7a
Plant Height: 15 to 18 meter (50-60 feet)
Plant Spread: 10 to 15 meter (35-50 feet)
Leaves: Good fall color
Unusual foliage color
Fruit: Edible to birds
Other: In small amounts, the seeds are edible for humans. Large amounts can be harmful or toxic. However, the oil is of excellent quality and completely safe.
Fruiting Time: Fall
Late fall or early winter
Other: The seeds often persist on trees during the winter and serve as food for birds.
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Green
Flower Time: Spring
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Shade Tree
Salad greens
Suitable for forage
Useful for timber production
Edible Parts: Leaves
Seeds or Nuts
Eating Methods: Raw
Dynamic Accumulator: K (Potassium)
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Powdery Mildew
Toxicity: Other: See note about fruit.
Propagation: Seeds: Provide darkness
Stratify seeds: 3 months of cold stratification. Germinating seed is very prone to fungal diseases.
Depth to plant seed: 1 cm
Sow in situ
Can handle transplanting
Other info: Seeds are short viable, best to sow direct after ripening.
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Monoecious


Hampton Court Palace Flower Show (Part 3)Hampton Court Palace Flower Show (Part 3)
By NEILMUIR1 on July 26, 2011

As the sun came out, my day at Hampton Court beside the River Thames was getting better, apart from the odd shower. Now I could at last get out and wander on this hallowed ground. Join me as I finish in the floral marquee and go for another trek.

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Aug 1, 2018 9:12 AM

The Common or European Beech is native to most of Europe. It is a beautiful, high quality tree that is expensive to buy at nurseries, being sort of slow growing of about 1 foot/year and the need to be transplanted carefully. It is not common in the US, but one can find some specimens planted at estates, well-to-do neighbourhoods, and town parks. Some larger, diverse, conventional nurseries sell some. its leaves are more rounded and smaller (to 4 inches long x 2.5 inches wide) than the American Beech and its smooth gray bark is darker than the American's. The European species is more adaptable to more landscapes than the American, having a larger range of tolerating heavier and less acid soils, though not as tolerant of the strong heat of the South. There is quite a number of different cultivars of this species that have variegated leaves, purple leaves, tricolor leaves, cut-leaf leaves, weeping forms, contorted forms, and combinations of all that. Unfortunately, there is a beech bark disease from Europe that can kill beech trees from a wooly aphid that punctures bark so that a coral spot fungus can invade and kill areas of bark, even girdling the whole trunk. I saw one large European Beech die that way in 2016 in West Chester, PA in a condominium landscape. I would say not to give up on beech trees.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Please help with this hedge? by LukeF220T Aug 17, 2020 3:12 PM 1
Looking for a tall shrub that grows well in full shade that is not poisonous by garydomm Jul 4, 2020 12:52 PM 1
ID please for our tree, maybe it's a Birch or Beech? by Ridiculous Apr 13, 2020 4:01 AM 4
Columnar Trees by springcolor Feb 6, 2020 7:06 PM 8
Fagus sylvatica 'Asplenifolia' seed propagation. by PompousTwig Jan 27, 2020 1:00 AM 3
Tree with round leaves by ajzcidelg Nov 6, 2019 6:52 PM 7
Are these beech leaves? by n_gd Jul 13, 2019 11:59 AM 2
ID needed. by Whip1 Jun 4, 2019 5:37 PM 2
Help to identify this tree please. by MartyWoop May 24, 2019 2:38 PM 1
Beeches and hornbeams by Arico Nov 25, 2018 8:13 AM 9

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