European Beech (Fagus sylvatica)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up European Beech
Give a thumbs up Common Beech
Give a thumbs up Beech

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7a
Plant Height: 15 to 18 meter (50-60 feet)
Plant Spread: 10 to 15 meter (35-50 feet)
Leaves: Good fall color
Unusual foliage color
Fruit: Edible to birds
Other: Edible to people
Fruiting Time: Fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Shade Tree
Suitable for forage
Useful for timber production
Edible Parts: Seeds or Nuts
Eating Methods: Raw
Dynamic Accumulator: K (Potassium)
Wildlife Attractant: Butterflies
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Propagation: Seeds: Provide darkness
Depth to plant seed: 1 cm
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Can handle transplanting
Other info: Seeds are short viable, best to sow direct after ripening
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Monoecious


Hampton Court Palace Flower Show (Part 3)Hampton Court Palace Flower Show (Part 3)
July 26, 2011

As the sun came out, my day at Hampton Court beside the River Thames was getting better, apart from the odd shower. Now I could at last get out and wander on this hallowed ground. Join me as I finish in the floral marquee and go for another trek.

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Aug 1, 2018 9:12 AM

The Common or European Beech is native to most of Europe. It is a beautiful, high quality tree that is expensive to buy at nurseries, being sort of slow growing of about 1 foot/year and the need to be transplanted carefully. It is not common in the US, but one can find some specimens planted at estates, well-to-do neighbourhoods, and town parks. Some larger, diverse, conventional nurseries sell some. its leaves are more rounded and smaller (to 4 inches long x 2.5 inches wide) than the American Beech and its smooth gray bark is darker than the American's. The European species is more adaptable to more landscapes than the American, having a larger range of tolerating heavier and less acid soils, though not as tolerant of the strong heat of the South. There is quite a number of different cultivars of this species that have variegated leaves, purple leaves, tricolor leaves, cut-leaf leaves, weeping forms, contorted forms, and combinations of all that. Unfortunately, there is a beech bark disease from Europe that can kill beech trees from a wooly aphid that punctures bark so that a coral spot fungus can invade and kill areas of bark, even girdling the whole trunk. I saw one large European Beech die that way in 2016 in West Chester, PA in a condominium landscape. I would say not to give up on beech trees.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Fagus sylvatica 'Asplenifolia' seed propagation. by PompousTwig Jan 21, 2020 7:36 AM 2
Tree with round leaves by ajzcidelg Nov 6, 2019 6:52 PM 7
Are these beech leaves? by n_gd Jul 13, 2019 11:59 AM 2
ID needed. by Whip1 Jun 4, 2019 5:37 PM 2
Help to identify this tree please. by MartyWoop May 24, 2019 2:38 PM 1
Beeches and hornbeams by Arico Nov 25, 2018 8:13 AM 9
What kind of plant? by Maisy1 Jul 26, 2018 11:06 AM 3
What type of plant is this? by budmac Aug 13, 2018 1:06 PM 7
Ornamental tree with pink leaves ID. by Araceae Jul 9, 2018 4:01 PM 4
Help identify by Toni Apr 30, 2018 12:29 PM 2

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