The Main Plant entry for Figs (Ficus carica)

This database entry exists to show plant data and photos that apply generically to all Figs.

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Edible Parts: Fruit
Eating Methods: Raw
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Toxicity: Other: A lactifer, the milky sap (latex) can be a skin irritant. Also present in some unripened fruit.
Pollinators: Wasps
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil

Common names
  • Edible Fig
  • Higo
  • Fig

This plant is tagged in:
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  • Posted by flaflwrgrl (North Fl. - Zone 8b) on May 12, 2014 6:11 PM concerning plant:
    Figs are pollinated by tiny wasps: fig wasps. The flowers of figs are not borne on the exterior of the plant; instead they are completely concealed inside the fruit. This is called an enclosed inflorescence, and in figs there are hundreds of teeny florets lining the interior of the central cavity. The fig wasp enters the cavity of the fruit through the ostiole or the bottom end of the fruit. The wasp is only a couple of millimeters long. The fig wasp is dependent on the fig as it can breed nowhere else but inside the fig. And the fig is totally dependent on the fig wasp for survival as nothing else pollinates the fig. Each fig species is pollinated by one fig wasp species, which only pollinates that species of fig for the most part. This is what prevents natural hybridization between different species of figs. HOWEVER, there are about 750 species of figs in the world and there have only been about 300 different species of fig wasps identified. Needless to say, there is much more yet to be learned about the fig and its wasp pollinators.
  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on May 22, 2013 11:35 PM concerning plant:
    "Fig plants are easy to propagate through several methods. Propagation using seeds is not the preferred method since vegetative methods exist that are quicker and more reliable, that is, they do not yield the inedible caprifigs. However, those desiring to can plant seeds of dried figs with moist sphagnum moss or other media in a zip lock bag and expect germination in a few weeks to several months. The tiny plants can be transplanted out little by little once the leaves open, and despite the tiny initial size can grow to 1 foot or more within one year from planting seeds.

    For propagation in the mid-summer months, air layer new growth in August (mid-summer) or insert hardened off 6-10 inches shoots into moist perlite or a sandy soil mix, keeping the cuttings shaded until new growth begins; then gradually move them into full sun. An alternative propagation method is bending over a taller branch, scratching the bark to reveal the green inner bark, then pinning the scratched area tightly to the ground. Within a few weeks, roots will develop and the branch can be clipped from the mother plant and transplanted where desired.

    For spring propagation, before the tree starts growth, cut 6-10 inch shoots that have healthy buds at their ends, and set into a moist perlite and/or sandy soil mix located in the shade. Once the cuttings start to produce leaves, bury them up to the bottom leaf to give the plant a good start in the desired location."

    Taken from wikipedia's page at:

Plant Events from our members
piksihk On February 21, 2022 Cuttings stuck
piksihk On June 17, 2016 Fruit Ripened
Got the first figs of the season
piksihk On February 20, 2016 Maintenance performed
piksihk On July 1, 2015 Harvested
yummy - super sweet - go a whole colander full
piksihk On June 30, 2015 Fruit Ripened
piksihk On March 9, 2015 Plant emerged
leafing out
piksihk On May 18, 2014 Fruit Ripened
thomas On May 1, 2016 Transplanted
DesertJungleFarm On March 25, 2021 Obtained plant
1st fig tree planted east to water tank
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