General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Very strongly acid (4.5 – 5.0)
Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8a
Plant Height: 4 to 6 inches
Plant Spread: 6 to 12 inches
Leaves: Evergreen
Fragrant
Broadleaf
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Late winter or early spring
Late summer or early fall
Fall
Late fall or early winter
Winter
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Blooms on new wood
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Summer
Underground structures: Rhizome
Uses: Provides winter interest
Groundcover
Will Naturalize
Edible Parts: Leaves
Fruit
Eating Methods: Tea
Culinary Herb/Spice
Raw
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Stratify seeds: 1 to 2 months cold moist treatment
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Layering
Other: Stem runners usually rooted at intervals
Pollinators: Bumblebees
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Monoecious

Image
Common names
  • Wintergreen
  • Eastern Teaberry
  • Checkerberry
  • Teaberry

Comments:
  • Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Mar 14, 2012 1:32 PM concerning plant:
    Found in dry or moist acidic woods of eastern North America and south to cooler elevations in Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia, Wintergreen is a common evergreen ground-cover well-known for its fresh wintergreen smell when the leaves are crushed.

    Growing only 6 inches tall, this creeper has dark, broadly-oval 1 inch leathery leaves that turn reddish in cold weather. It has solitary, nodding, white urn-shaped summer flowers that are followed by bright red 1/2 inch berries that may remain on the plant from late summer through the following spring.

    Give Wintergreen good, organic, well-drained, acidic soil and shade. The better the soil, the more quickly it will spread. (Sunlight Gardens)
  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on Aug 27, 2013 3:33 AM concerning plant:
    This is the state herb of Maine.

  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 24, 2018 4:55 PM concerning plant:
    The generic name of Gaultheria was named after a Canadian botanist and physician of Dr. Gauthier of the 18th century. This Checkerberry Wintergreen or Teaberry is native to southeast Canada, New England down to coastal North Carolina to eastern Tennessee back up the Appalachians, and around the Great Lakes growing in acid soils of bogs, swamps, dunes, barrens, rocky slopes, and upland woods. Some are sold at many conventional nurseries in the eastern and midwestern USA in pots, grown over in the gentle climate of the Pacific Northwest at nurseries there, and some are also sold at native plant nurseries. It is one of those fussy plants that only grow well with a porous acid soil and a sheltered, shady location. I planted one in a tube with two dwarf Blueberry shrubs where I amended the potting soil with an acidifier mix from a commercial bag of sulfur & iron sulfate and had the pH about 5 to 6. My wintergreen died on me one severe winter when I should have covered it with burlap to shade it and some mulch to protect it better. I had it about 5 years. Beautiful, lovely broadleaf evergreen plant! Its waxy, white flowers are borne about mid-May to mid-August. It holds its red fruit that are really berry-like capsules from July to the next April. This species was the original source of oil of wintergreen used in liniments, and crushed leaves give off the fragrance. (There are about 170 species of Gaultheria in moist temperate regions and some mountain areas of the tropics all over the world, being evergreen shrubs.)
Plant Events from our members
lovesblooms On February 24, 2018 Seeds sown
winter sown
lovesblooms On April 24, 2015 Obtained plant
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